Nepenthes mirabilis

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Nepenthes mirabilis
Apes abroad - Jug Plant (by-sa).jpg
Sebuah kantung tinggi Nepenthes mirabilis
Klasifikasi ngèlmiah
Karajan: Plantae
Unranked: Angiospermae
Unranked: Eudikotil
Unranked: Inti eudikotil
Ordho: Caryophyllales
Famili: Nepenthaceae
Génus: Nepenthes
Spésies: N. mirabilis
Jeneng binomial
Nepenthes mirabilis
(Lour.) Rafarin (1869)[a]
Nepenthes mirabilis distribution.gif
Distribusi N. mirabilis.
Sinonim

Nepenthes mirabilis (/nˈpɛnθz mɪˈræblɪs/; saka basa Latin: mirabilis = éndah), utawa Kanthong Semar Rawa Umum,[11] ya iku spésies tethukulan karnivora]]. Nganti seprene distribusine paling jembar saka kabèh spésies Nepenthes, ya iku bawana Asia Tenggara lan pulau-pulau utama KapuloanMelayu (kejaba KapuloanSunda Kecil lan Filipina utara), kang mbentang sala China ing lor tumuju Australia ing kidul.[12] Spesies iki duwé akèh varietas ing panyebarane. Salah siji varietas kang luwih wigati saka liyané ya iku, N. mirabilis var. echinostoma, endemik ing Brunei lan Sarawak lan duwé sawijining peristom kang jembar banget.[13]

Status konservasi N. mirabilis kadaftar minangka Risiko Rendah 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[14] Di Hong Kong, spésies iki dilindungi dhedhasar Peraturan Kehutanan Cap. 96A.

Miturut Matthew Jebb lan Martin Cheek, kanthong N. mirabilis digunakaké minangka dolanan koteka ing Papua Nugini.

Distribusi[besut | besut sumber]

Nepenthes mirabilis duwé distribusi paling jembar saka sekabehing spésies Nepenthes lan dikenal saka nagara-nagara lan kawasan iki: Australia (Ujung York), Borneo, Kamboja, KapuloanCaroline (Palau dan Yap), China (Provinsi Guangdong, Hainan,[15][16] Hong Kong, lan Macau), Pulo D'Entrecasteaux, Pulo Jawa, Laos, KapuloanLouisiade, Kapuloan Maluku, Myanmar, Papua Nugini, Ujung Malaysia, Filipina (Dinagat lan Mindanao), Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, lan Vietnam.[12][17][18][19][20][21][22][23] Spesies iki uga wis dicathet saka saakehing pulo-pulo cilik, kalebu Babi, Bangka, Pulo Banyak, Pulo Batu, Bengkalis, Enggano, Ko Lanta, Ko Tarutao, Langkawi, Mendol, Kapuloan Mentawai (Pagai Utara, Siberut, Sipura, lan Pagai Selatan), KapuloanMeranti (Padang, Rangsang, lan Tebing Tinggi), Nias, Penang, Phuket, Kapuloan Riau (Pulau Lingga lan Kapuloan Riau), Rupat,[24] Tawi-Tawi,[25] lan mbok manawa Wowoni.[26]

Hibrida alami[besut | besut sumber]

Nepenthes mirabilis duwé cacah paling akèh hibrida alami saka spésies apa ing sajeroning génus.[12]

Réferènsi[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ Danser, B.H. 1928. 1. Nepenthes alata Blanco. [pp. 258–262] In: The Nepenthaceae of the Netherlands Indies. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg, Série III, 9(3–4): 249–438.
  2. ^ Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Typification and redelimitation of Nepenthes alata with notes on the N. alata group, and N. negros sp. nov. from the Philippines. Nordic Journal of Botany 31(5): 616–622. Cithakan:DOI
  3. ^ Clarke, C. & C.C. Lee 2012. A revision of Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) from Gunung Tahan, Peninsular Malaysia. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 64(1): 33–49.
  4. ^ Schlauer, J. N.d. Nepenthes alata. Carnivorous Plant Database.
  5. ^ Bailey, F.M. 1881. On a new species of Nepenthes. The Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 5: 185–187.
  6. ^ a b (ing basa Latin) Hooker, J.D. 1873. Ordo CLXXV bis. Nepenthaceæ. In: A. de Candolle Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 17: 90–105.
  7. ^ a b c d (ing basa Latin) Blume, C.L. 1852. Ord. Nepenthaceae. In: Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavum, sive stirpium exoticarum novarum vel minus cognitarum ex vivis aut siccis brevis expositio. Tom. II. Nr. 1. E.J. Brill, Lugduni-Batavorum. pp. 5–10.
  8. ^ Cithakan:Jp icon Kurata, S. 2007. ネペンテス ・ ノート (XIV) — Nepenthes globosa のネーミングについて. Journal of Insectivorous Plant Society 58(3): 76.
  9. ^ Macfarlane, J.M. 1908. Nepenthaceae. In: A. Engler. Das Pflanzenreich IV, III, Heft 36: 1–91.
  10. ^ Cithakan:Jp icon Tada, M. 2007. 日本における Nepenthes Viking の渡来と現状について. Journal of Insectivorous Plant Society 58(3): 75.
  11. ^ Phillipps, A. & A. Lamb 1996. Pitcher-Plants of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kutha Kinabalu.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Masalah sitiran: Tenger <ref> ora trep; ora ana tèks tumrap refs kanthi jeneng McPherson
  13. ^ a b c d e f Clarke, C.M. 1997. Nepenthes of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kutha Kinabalu.
  14. ^ Clarke et al. (2000). Nepenthes mirabilis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Diakses 12 May 2006.
  15. ^ Nepenthes mirabilis. Flora of China.
  16. ^ Cithakan:Cn icon Yang G., Huang S., Xu S. & Gao Y. 2006. 海南岛野生猪笼草资源调查及其营养成分分析. [The investigation and study on the germplasm resources and growth of the wild common Nepenthes in Hainan.] Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin 22(11): 440–442. Abstract
  17. ^ Slack, A. 1979. Nepenthes mirabilis. In: Carnivorous Plants. Ebury Press, London. pp. 79–80.
  18. ^ McPherson, S.R. & V.B. Amoroso 2011. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of the Philippines. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  19. ^ McPherson, S.R. & A. Robinson 2012. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of Borneo. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  20. ^ McPherson, S.R. & A. Robinson 2012. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of Sulawesi. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  21. ^ McPherson, S.R. & A. Robinson 2012. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of Peninsular Malaysia and Indochina. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  22. ^ McPherson, S.R. & A. Robinson 2012. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of Australia and New Guinea. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  23. ^ McPherson, S.R. & A. Robinson 2012. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of Sumatra and Java. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.
  24. ^ Clarke, C.M. 2001. Appendix C: Distribution Maps. In: Nepenthes of Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu. pp. 299–307.
  25. ^ Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Recircumscription of the Nepenthes alata group (Caryophyllales: Nepenthaceae), in the Philippines, with four new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 69: 1–23. Cithakan:DOI
  26. ^ (ing basa Indonésia) Sunarti, S., A. Hidayat & Rugayah 2008. Keanekaragaman tumbuhan di hutan Pegunungan Waworete, Kacamatan Wawonii Timur, Pulau Wawonii, Sulawesi Tenggara. [Plants diversity at the mountain forest of Waworete, East Wawonii District, Wawonii Island, Southeast Sulawesi.] Biodiversitas 9(3): 194–198.
  27. ^ Lauffenburger, A. 1995. Guide to Nepenthes Hybrids. OmnisTerra.
  28. ^ Kurata, S. & M. Toyoshima 1972. Philippine species of Nepenthes. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 26(1): 155–158. Abstract
  29. ^ Cheek, M.R. & M.H.P. Jebb 2001. Nepenthaceae. Flora Malesiana 15: 1–157.
  30. ^ Lowrie, A. 1983. Sabah Nepenthes Expeditions 1982 & 1983.PDF (1.25 MB) Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 12(4): 88–95.
  31. ^ a b c d (ing basa Itali) Catalano, M. 2010. Nepenthes della Thailandia: Diario di viaggio. Prague.
  32. ^ a b Clarke, C.M. 2001. Nepenthes of Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  33. ^ Fretwell, S. 2013. Back in Borneo to see giant Nepenthes. Part 2: Mt Tambuyukon and Poring. Victorian Carnivorous Plant Society Journal 108: 6–15.
  34. ^ Rischer, H. 1995. Observations on the Nepenthes species of Irian Jaya, Part I: Nepenthes insignis Danser.PDF (461 KB) Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 24(3): 75–77.
  35. ^ Lee, C.C. 2007. Re: The most accessible limestone hill of Bau. Carnivorous Plants in the tropics.
  36. ^ a b c Phillipps, A., A. Lamb & C.C. Lee 2008. Pitcher Plants of Borneo. Second Edition. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  37. ^ Clarke, C.M. & R. Kruger 2005. Nepenthes rowanae (Nepenthaceae), a remarkable species from Cape York, Australia. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 34(2): 36–41.
  38. ^ a b Mey, F.S., L.H. Truong, D.V. Dai & A.S. Robinson 2011. Nepenthes thorelii, an emended description and novèl ecological data resulting from its rediscovery in Tay Ninh, Vietnam. In: McPherson, S.R. New Nepenthes: Volume One. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole. pp. 104–131.
  39. ^ Bednar, B. 1983. Nepenthes mirabilis variation.PDF (111 KB) Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 12(3): 64.
  40. ^ N. thorelii rediscovered. Carnivorous Plants in the tropics.
  41. ^ Mey, F.S. 2012. Virtual Nepenthes herbarium on "Europeana". Strange Fruits: A Garden's Chronicle, December 19, 2012.

Wacan candhaké[besut | besut sumber]

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]

Cithakan:Nepenthes