Genosida Armenia

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Genosida Armenia
Warga sipil Armenia, kang diiringi déning tentara bersenjata Utsmaniyah, lagi digiring lumantar Harput (Kharpert), tumuju penjara ing Mezireh (kini Elâzığ), April 1915
Lokasi Kesultanan Utsmaniyah
Tanggal 1915[note 1]
Sasaran Penduduk Armenia
Jenis serangan Deportasi, pembunuhan massal
Tiwas 1,5 juta[note 2]
Pelaku Pemerintahan Turk Muda
Komite Persatuan dan Kemajuan
Gerakan Nasional Turki

Genosida Armenia[7] (basa Armenia: Հայոց Ցեղասպանություն Hayots’ Ts’yeghaspanut’yun), dikenal uga minangka Pembantaian Armenia lan déning bangsa Armenia sinebut Kejahatan Besar (basa Armenia: Մեծ Եղեռն Mets Yegherrn)[8][9] ya iku pemusnahan sistematik déning Utsmaniyah marang pendhudhuk minoritas Armenia ing tanah air historise ing kawasan kang saikine dadi Républik Turki. Prastawa iki kedadeyan sasuwene lan sawise Perang Dunia I lan ditindakake ing rong tahap: pamatinan gedhe-gedhenan pendhudhuk priya diwasa lumantar pembantaian lan kerja paksa, lan deportasi wanita, bocah-bocah, lan wong tuwa lan wong lara ing lakuning pati ing Ara-ara Suriah.[10][11]

Pengakuan anane Genosida Armenia[besut | besut sumber]

Nagara-nagara lan laladankang wis ngakoni Genosida Armenia

Nagara-nagara lan organisasi internasional kang ngakoni yèn Genosida Armenia pancen tau kedadeyan:

  1. Argentina
  2. Armenia
  3. Austria
  4. Belgia
  5. Bolivia
  6. Brasil
  7. Bulgaria
  8. Céko
  9. Chili
  10. Italia
  11. Jerman
  12. Kanada
  13. Libanon
  14. Lituania
  15. Luksemburg
  16. Paraguay
  17. Perancis
  18. Polen
  19. Rusia
  20. Siprus
  21. Slowakia
  22. Suriah
  23. Swedia
  24. Swiss
  25. Uni Éropah
  26. Uruguay
  27. Walanda
  28. Yunani
  29. Vatikan
  30. Vénézuéla

Delengen uga[besut | besut sumber]

  • Hrant Dink, sawijining juru warta Turki-Armenia kang dipateni sawining nom-noman Turki mawa haluan nasionalis.
  • Orhan Pamuk, penulis Turki kang ndukung pengakuan genosida awit etnis Armenia déning Turki.

Cathetan suku[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ "Tsitsernakaberd Memorial Complex". Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute. Dijupuk 5 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Kifner, John. "Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview". The New York Times. Dijupuk 5 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "The forgotten Holocaust: The Armenian massacre that inspired Hitler". The Daily Mail. 11 October 2007. Dijupuk 5 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Auron, Yair (2000). The banality of indifference: Zionism & the Armenian genocide. Transaction. k. 44. ISBN 978-0-7658-0881-3. Dijupuk 26 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of human rights (Google Books). Oxford University Press. 11 August 2009. k. 98. ISBN 978-0-19-533402-9. Dijupuk 26 February 2012.  |first1= kurang |last1= ing Authors list (pitulung)
  6. ^ Chalk, Frank Robert; Jonassohn, Kurt (10 September 1990). The history and sociology of genocide: analyses and case studies. Institut montréalais des études sur le génocide. Yale University Press. kk. 270–. ISBN 978-0-300-04446-1. Dijupuk 26 February 2012. 
  7. ^ Armenian Genocide (affirmation), The International Association of Genocide Scholars, That this assembly of the Association of Genocide Scholars in its conference held in Montreal, June 11–3, 1997, reaffirms that the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey in 1915 is a case of genocide which conforms to the statutes of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide. It further condemns the denial of the Armenian Genocide by the Turkish government and its official and unofficial agents and supporters. 
  8. ^ Chakmajian, HH (1920), "Crime", A Comprehensive Dictionary English-Armenian, Boston: Yeran, k. 350, Եղեռն (Yeghern) 
  9. ^ Kouyoumdjian, M (1970), "Եղեռն (yeghern)", A Comprehensive Dictionary Armenian-English, Beirut: Atlas, k. 312, crime 
  10. ^ Walker, Christopher J (1980), Armenia: The Survival of A Nation, London: Croom Helm, kk. 200–3 
  11. ^ Bryce, Viscount; Bryce, James; Toynbee, Arnold (2000), Sarafian, Ara, ed., The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, 1915–1916: Documents Presented to Viscount Grey of Falloden (ed. uncensored), Princeton, NJ: Gomidas, kk. 635–49, ISBN 0-9535191-5-5 

Daftar pustaka[besut | besut sumber]

  • Akçam, Taner, From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide, Zed Books, 2004
  • Akçam, Taner. A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility. Metropolitan Books, 2006
  • Balakian, Peter. The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response. New York: Perennial, 2003
  • Bartov, Omer, Mirrors of Destruction: War, Genocide and Modern Identity, Oxford Univ. Press, 2000
  • Dadrian, Vahakn, N. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus Berghahn Books, 1995
  • Dündar, Fuat, Ittihat ve Terakki'nin Müslümanlari Iskan Pulitikasi (1913-18), Iletisim, 2001
  • Fisk, Robert, The Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest of the Middle East London: Alfred Knopf, 2005
  • Gaunt, David. Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia During World War I Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2006. ISBN 1-59333-301-3.
  • Gust, Wolfgang, Der Völkermord an den Armeniern, Zu Klampen, 2005
  • Lepsius, Johannes. Deutschland und Armenien 1914–1918, Sammlung diplomatischer Aktenstücke. Donat & Temmen Verlag, 1986
  • Melson, Robert, Revolution and Genocide. On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust, The University of Chicago Press, 1996
  • Power, Samantha. "A Problem from Hell": America and the Age of Genocide. Harper, 2003
  • Wallimann, Isidor (ed.): Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and Case Studies of Mass Death, Syracuse Univ. Press, 2000
  • Graber, G.S. Caravans to Oblivion: The Armenian Genocide 1915. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996
  • "The Armenian Genocide: A Bibliography". University of Michigan, Dearborn: Armenian Research Center. Dijupuk March 18.  Paramèter |accessyear= sing ora kawruhan dikiwakaké (disaranaké |access-date=) (pitulung); Priksa gandra date ing: |access-date= (pitulung)
  • "The Armenian Genocide: A Supplemental Bibliography, 1993-1996". University of Michigan, Dearborn: Armenian Research Center. Dijupuk March 18.  Paramèter |accessyear= sing ora kawruhan dikiwakaké (disaranaké |access-date=) (pitulung); Priksa gandra date ing: |access-date= (pitulung)
  • Walker, Christopher J. Armenia: The Survival of a Nation, Revised Second Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 1990. 476 pp.


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