Papan Anggegana Internasional Kutha Krajan Beijing

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Papan Anggegana Internasional Kutha Krajan Beijing

北京首都国际机场

Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīchǎng
Beijing Terminal 3.jpg
Terminal 3 di Papan Anggegana Internasional Ibu Kutha Beijing
Ringkesan
Jinis papan anggeganaPublik
Kang nglakokakéAdministrasi Penerbangan Sipil Cina
NgladèniBeijing
PernahDistrik Chaoyang, Beijing
Sambungan menyang
Élevasi MISLS116 ft / 35 m
Situs wèbwww.bcia.com.cn
Sana playu
Ener Dawa Palumahan
m ft
18L/36R 3,800 12,468 Aspal
18R/36L 3,200 10,499 Aspal
01/19 3,800 12,468 Beton
Statistik (2011)
Gerakan Penumpang78,675,000
Gerakan Pesawat517,584
Papan Anggegana Internasional Kutha Krajan Beijing
Cina Padatan
Cina Prasaja

Papan Anggegana Internasional Kutha Krajan Beijing (Hanzi sederhana: 北京首都国际机场Hanzi tradisional: 北京首都國際機場pinyin: Běijīng Shǒudū Guójì Jīchǎng) (IATA: PEKICAO: ZBAA) ya iku baaikundar udara internasional ing Beijing, Républik Rakyat Cina. Papan anggegana iki dibuka nalika tanggal 2 Maret 1958, lan wujud papan anggegana paling sibuk kapindho ing donya.[2]

Papan Anggegana Ibu Kota kang mapan ing Distrik Chaoyang, 32 km (20 mi) timur laut aka punjer kutha Beijing. Papan Anggegana iki diduwèni lan dioperasikaké déning Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, slah sijiné perusahaan kang dikontrol déning pamaréntah. Papan Anggegana Ibu Kota kang dadi punjer operasi Air Cina, maskapé penerbangan nasional ing Républik Rakyat Cina, kang mabur marang sakiwa-tengené 120 tujuan (ora kalebu kargo) saka Beijing. Hainan Airlines lan Cina Southern Airlines uga migunakaké papan anggegana iki minangka hub dèwèké.

Saiki, Papan Anggegana Ibu Kota duwé telu terminal: Terminal 1 nglayani penerbangan domestik; Terminal 2 lan 3 nglayani penerbangan internasional.

Sajarah[besut | besut sumber]

Postage stamp showing the original Capital Airport terminal that opened in 1958
U.S. President Richard Nixon's Air Force One at the Capital Airport in 1972.

Papan Anggegana Beijing dibukak nalika 2 Maret 1958. Wektu iku papan anggegana mau duwé 1 terminal cilik, kang kanggo penerbangan VIP lan séwan. Nalika tanggal 1 Januari 1980, terminal kang anyar, gedhé dhéwé, lan manéka warna dibukak kanti lawang-lawang pelayanan 10 nganti 12 pesawat terbang. Terminal iku luwih gedhé saka salah siji nalika taun 1950, nanging nalika pertengahan 1990-an dianggep terlalu cilik. Terminal banjur ditutup kanggo renovasi sawisé pembukaan Terminal 2.

Nalika akir 1999, kanggo nandai peringatan 50 taun ngadegé RRC, papan anggegana diambakaké manèh. Iki terminal anyar dibukak nalika tanggal 1 November, lan dijenengi Terminal 2. Nalika tanggal 20 September 2004 Terminal 1 kang anyar dibukak kanggo pira-pira maskapé, kalebu penerbangan Cina Southern Airlines domestik lan internasional saka Beijing. Penerbangan maskapé liya domestik lan internasional isih beroperasi ing Terminal 2.

Salah siji landasan ketelu BCIA dibukak nalika tanggal 29 Oktober 2007, kanggo ngurangi kemacetan ing rong [[landasan lainnya.[3]

Èkspansi Liané, Terminal 3 (T3) rampung nalika Fèbruari 2008, pas wektu Olimpiade Beijing. Iki ekspansi kolosal kalebu landasan pacu ketelu lan terminal liyané untuk Beijing papan anggegana, lan jalur sepur marang punjer kutha. Nalika pembukaané, Iki ya iku kang gedhé dhéwé digawé struktur ing donya sajeroning hal amba tertutup, lan tengara utama ing Beijing makili kutha Cina tumbuh lan ngrembaka. Ekspansi iki sapérangan besar didanai déning ¥ 30 milyar pinjaman saka Jepang lan 500-yuta euro (USD 625 yuta) utangan saka Bank Investasi Éropah (EIB). Pinjaman iki kang gedhé dhéwé kang pernah pernah diwènèhkè déning EIB ing Asia; persetujuan iku ditandatangani nalika KTT Cina-Uni Éropah kping wolu dianakakè nalika wulan September 2005.[4]

Berkat penyelenggaran minangka tuan rumah Olimpiade 2008 lan penyelesaian yasan terminal anyar, Beijing Capital wis nggateni Tokyo Haneda dadi papan anggegana tersibuk ing Asia andhedhasar kapasitas kursi kang dijadwalake.[5]

Maskapé Penerbangan[besut | besut sumber]

Penumpang[besut | besut sumber]

Perusahaan montor maburParanTerminal/
Concourse
AeroflotMoskwa-Sheremetyevo2
Aerosvit AirlinesKiev-Boryspil2
Air AlgérieAlgiers2
Air AstanaAlmaty2
Air CanadaToronto-Pearson, Vancouver3E
Air CinaBaotou, Bayannur, Beihai, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chifeng, Chongqing, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Datong, Dazhou, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hotan, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jingdezhen, Jinggangshan, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Liuzhou, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Taizhou (Zhejiang), Tongliao, Ulanhot, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangfan, Xilinhot, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Musiman: Dunhuang
3C
Air CinaAthens, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Daegu, Delhi, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Karachi, Kopenhagen,[6] Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick,[7] London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manila, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Moskwa-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, Naha, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phuket, Pyongyang, Roma-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sao Paulo-Guarulhos, Sapporo-Chitose, Sendai, Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon, Singapura, Stockholm-Arlanda, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Ulaanbaatar, Vancouver, Yangon3E
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle2
Air KoryoPyongyang2
Air MacauMakau3E
Air New ZealandAuckland3E
Air ZimbabweHarare, Kuala Lumpur2
AlitaliaRoma-Fiumicino2
All Nippon AirwaysOsaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita3E
American AirlinesChicago-O'Hare3E
Asiana AirlinesBusan, Cheongju, Muan, Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon3E
Austrian AirlinesWina3E
Beijing Capital AirlinesArxan, Baotou, Erenhot, Hohhot, Jixi, Lijiang1
British AirwaysLondon-Heathrow3E
Cathay PacificHong Kong3E
Cebu PacificManila2
Cina AirlinesKaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan3E
Cina Eastern AirlinesDomestik: Changchun, Dali, Dalian, Dehong/Mangshi, Enshi, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Linyi, Luoyang, Luzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Pu'er, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Yinchuan
Internasional: Boston, Dhaka, Delhi, Fukuoka, Jeju, Nagoya-Centrair, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita
2
Cina Southern Airlines [Domestik] Anshan, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Daqing, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Heihe, Huaihua, Kunming, Lhasa, Kabupatèn Mohe, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nanyang, Ningbo, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shantou, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yongzhou, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai 2
Cina Southern Airlines [Internasional]Almaty, Amsterdam, Baku, Brisbane, Da Nang, Dhaka, Dubai, Dushanbe, Fukuoka, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Islamabad, Istanbul-Ataturk, Jeddah, Karachi, Kota Ho Ci Minh, Lagos, Manila, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagoya-Centrair, Novosibirsk, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Phnom Penh, Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapura, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tehran-Imam Khoemeini, Tbilisi, Tokyo-Haneda, Toyama 2
Chongqing AirlinesChongqing, Diqing2
Delta Air LinesDetroit, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo-Narita2
DragonairHong Kong3E
EgyptAirKairo3E
El AlTel Aviv-Ben Gurion3E
EmiratesDubai3E
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa2
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi, Nagoya-Centrair3E
EVA AirTaipei-Taoyuan3E
FinnairHelsinki3E
Garuda IndonésiaJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta2
Grand Cina AirDalian, Guilin, Harbin, Nanchang, Nanning1
Hainan AirlinesBaotou, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hefei, Hohhot, Jiamusi, Jinan, Jiujiang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Manzhouli, Mudanjiang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yichang, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou1
Hainan AirlinesAlmaty, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Berlin-Brandenburg [dimulai 3 Juni 2012, Nanging Diundurkan jadi 17 Maret 2013], Berlin-Tegel [Berakhir 2 Juni 2012, Nanging diundurkan jadi 16 Maret 2013], Brussels, Budapest, Busan, Chita, Dubai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Luanda, Malé, Moskwa-Sheremetyevo, Naha, Novosibirsk, Phuket, St Petersburg, Seattle/Tacoma, Taipei-Taoyuan, Toronto-Pearson, Zurich2
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong2
Hong Kong Express AirwaysHong Kong2
Iran AirTehran-Imam Khomeini2
Japan AirlinesTokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita3E
Jetstar AirwaysMelbourne, Singapura2
Juneyao AirlinesShanghai-Hongqiao2
KLMAmsterdam2
Korean AirBusan, Jeju, Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon2
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsawa3E
Lucky AirDehong/Mangshi1
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich3E
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur2
Mega MaldivesMalé[8]2
MIAT Mongolian AirlinesUlaanbaatar3E
Pakistan International AirlinesIslamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Tokyo-Narita2
Philippine AirlinesManila2
Qatar AirwaysDoha3E
S7 AirlinesIrkutsk, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Omsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Novosibirsk, Vladivostok, Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg3E
S7 Airlines dioperasikan olèh GlobusUlan-Ude3E
SAT AirlinesYuzhno-Sakhalinsk2
Scandhinavian AirlinesKopenhagen3E
Shandong AirlinesJinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai3C
Shanghai AirlinesHangzhou, Harbin, Jiayuguan, Jining, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Xi'an2
Shenzhen AirlinesNanning, Shenzhen, Wuxi3C
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu, Chongqing, Kunming, Wanzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Zhongwei3C
Singapore AirlinesSingapura3E
South African AirwaysJohannesburg[9]3E
Spring AirlinesShanghai-Hongqiao1
SriLankan AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Kolombo2
Swiss International Air LinesZürich[10]3E
Swiss International Air Lines dioperasikan olèh Edelweiss AirMusiman: Zürich3E
TAAG Angola AirlinesLuanda2
Thai Airways InternationalBangkok-Suvarnabhumi3E
Tianjin AirlinesAnqing, Hailar, Weifang, Yan'an, Yulin (Shaanxi)1
Transaero AirlinesMoskwa-Domodedovo3E
Turkmenistan AirlinesAshgabat2
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk3E
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles3E
Ural AirlinesYekaterinburg3E
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent2
Vietnam AirlinesHanoi2
Vladivostok AirKhabarovsk, Vladivostok2
Xiamen AirlinesChangsha, Fuzhou, Longyan, Nanchang, Quanzhou, Wuyishan, Xiamen2
Kota kanti airlink internasional langsung ke Papan Anggegana Internasional Ibu Kota Beijing

Kargo[besut | besut sumber]

Perusahaan montor maburParan
Aeroflot-CargoMoskwa-Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk
AirBridgeCargo AirlinesMoskwa-Domodedovo, Moskwa-Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
Air Cina CargoAnchorage, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Kopenhagen, Milan-Malpensa, Los Angeles, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Portland (OR), Shanghai-Pudong, Wina
Air Hong KongHong Kong[11]
Air KoryoPyongyang
CargoluxLuxembourg
Cina Southern AirlinesShenzhen, Seoul-Incheon
Etihad Crystal CargoAbu Dhabi
FedEx ExpressHangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air CargoSeoul-Incheon
MASkargoKuala Lumpur
SAS Cargo GroupKopenhagen, Shanghai-Pudong, Stockholm-Arlanda
Singapore Airlines CargoSingapura
Volga-DneprKrasnoyarsk

Peringkat internasional[besut | besut sumber]

Air Cina A340 lepas landas saka Papan Anggegana Ibu Kota
Lalu lintas Pangkat Tahun
Papan anggegana menurut lalu lintas penumpang 2 2010
Papan anggegana menurut owahan lalu lintas 8 2010
Papan anggegana menurut lalu lintas kargo 16 2010

Statistik[besut | besut sumber]

Lalu lintas menurut taun kalender
Penumpang % Owah-owahan dari taun sebelumnya Perobahan Kargo
(ton)
2007[12] 53.611.747 399.209 1.416.211,3
2008[12] 55.938.136 Increase04.3% 429.646 1.367.710,3
2009[13] 65.375.095 Increase016.9% 487.918 1.475.656,8
2010[14] 73.948.114 Increase013.1% 517.585 1.551.471,6
Sumber: Administrasi Penerbangan Sipil Cina

Uga delengen[besut | besut sumber]

Cathetan sikil[besut | besut sumber]

  1. Final Airport Traffic Results for 2009, 109 KiB, Airports Council International, 21 Maret 2010
  2. Beijing overtakes Heathrow as world's second busiest airport
  3. "Beijing Airport's third runway opens on Monday".
  4. "China: European Investment Bank to provide €500 million to support climate change mitigation" European Commission
  5. "AAPA members' international traffic falls in July; Beijing now busiest airport in the region". anna.aero. 5 September 2008.
  6. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/air-china-to-open-direct-flights-between-beijing-and-copenhagen-135222303.html
  7. http://www.airchina.co.uk/en/aboutus/airchinanews/2011/20111120.html
  8. http://sh.xinhuanet.com/2011-06/22/c_13944129.htm
  9. http://www.flysaa.com/za/zh_cn/newroutes/china.html
  10. http://www.swiss.com/web/EN/about_swiss/media/press_releases/Pages/pr_20110728.aspx
  11. http://www.hongkongairport.com/flightinfo/eng/cargo_dep.html
  12. a b "2008年全国机场吞吐量排名". Administrasi Penerbangan Sipil Cina. 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  13. "2009年全国机场吞吐量排名". Administrasi Penerbangan Sipil Cina. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  14. "2010年全国机场吞吐量排名". Administrasi Penerbangan Sipil Cina. 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2011-03-29.

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]

Cithakan:Papan anggegana di Républik Rakyat Cina