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Xenon,  54Xe
Xenon discharge tube.jpg
A xenon-filled discharge tube glowing light blue
General properties
Pangucapan
Wujud Colorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
Bobot atom standar (Ar, standard) 131.293(6)[3]
Xenon in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Kr

Xe

Rn
iodinexenoncaesium
Atomic number (Z) 54
Group group 18 (noble gases)
Period period 5
Blok p-block
Konfigurasi èlèktron [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p6
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Sipat angga
Phase at STP gas
Melting point 161.4 K ​(-111.7 °C, ​-169.1 °F)
Boiling point 165.03 K ​(-108.12 °C, ​-162.62 °F)
Density (at STP) 5.894 g/L
when liquid (at b.p.) 3.057[4] g/cm3
Triple point 161.405 K, ​81.6[5] kPa
Critical point 289.77 K, 5.841 MPa
Heat of fusion 2.27 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 12.64 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 5R/2 = 20.786 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 83 92 103 117 137 165
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8 ​rarely more than 0)
(weakly acidic oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.6
Covalent radius 140±9 pm
Van der Waals radius 216 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for xenon
Speed of sound (liquid) 1090 m/s; (gas) 169 m/s
Thermal conductivity 5.65×10-3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[6]
CAS Number 7440-63-3
Main isotopes of xenon
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
124Xe 0.095% Xe stabil kanthi 70 neutron
125Xe syn 16.9 h ε 1.652 125I
126Xe 0.089% Xe stabil kanthi 72 neutron
127Xe syn 36.345 d ε 0.662 127I
128Xe 1.91% Xe stabil kanthi 74 neutron
129Xe 26.4% Xe stabil kanthi 75 neutron
130Xe 4.07% Xe stabil kanthi 76 neutron
131Xe 21.2% Xe stabil kanthi 77 neutron
132Xe 26.9% Xe stabil kanthi 78 neutron
133Xe syn 5.247 d β 0.427 133Cs
134Xe 10.4% Xe stabil kanthi 80 neutron
135Xe syn 9.14 h β 1.16 135Cs
136Xe 8.86% Xe stabil kanthi 82 neutron
| references | in Wikidata

Sénon iku èlemèn kimia kanthi simbul Xe lan nomer atom 54. Jeneng èlemèn dipocapaké /[unsupported input]ˈzɛnɒn/ ZEN-on utawa /ˈznɒn/ ZEE-non

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. Cithakan:Cite dictionary
  2. "Xenon". Dictionary.com Unabridged. 2010. Dijupuk 2010-05-06. 
  3. Meija, J.; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  4. "Krypton". Gas Encyclopedia. Air Liquide. 2009. 
  5. Lide, David R. (2004). "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (ed. 85th edition). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 0849304857.  line feed character ing |chapter= ing posisi 72 (pitulung)
  6. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  7. Cithakan:Cite dictionary
  8. "Xenon". Dictionary.com Unabridged. 2010. Dijupuk 2010-05-06. 

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]

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