Karl Johann Kautsky

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Karl Johann Kautsky
Karl Kautsky 01.jpg
LairKarl Johann Kautsky
16 Oktober 1854
Praha, Kekaisaran Austria
Pati17 Oktober 1938(1938-10-17) (umur 84)
Amsterdam, Walanda
KalaFilsafat abad ka-19
TlatahFilsafat Kulon
AliranMarxisme ortodoks
Karsa pokok
Filsafat pulitik, pulitik, ekonomi, sajarah
Gantha misuwur
Epistemologi evolusioner, insting sosial, adaptasi aktif, hiperimperialisme

Karl Johann Kautsky (/ˈktski/; cara Jerman: [ˈkaʊtski]; lair 16 Oktober 1854 – pati 17 Oktober 1938 ing umur 84 taun) yaiku filsuf, jurnalis, lan teoretikus Marxis Ceko-Austria. Ia diakui minangka salah sijining panyebar Marxisme ortodoks sawise Friedrich Engels seda ing 1895 nganti Perang Donya I ing 1914.

Sawise perang, Kautsky dadi kritikus sing vokal terhadap Revolusi Bolshevik, terlibat ing polemik karo Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, lan Joseph Stalin babagan sifat nagara Soviet.

Referensi[besut | besut sumber]

Bacaan luwih lanjut[besut | besut sumber]

  • Banaji, Jairus (January 1990). "Illusions about the peasantry: Karl Kautsky and the agrarian question" (PDF). Journal of Peasant Studies. 17 (2): 288–307. doi:10.1080/03066159008438422.
  • Gronow, Jukka. On the Formation of Marxism: Karl Kautsky's Theory of Capitalism, the Marxism of the Second International and Karl Marx's Critique of Political Economy. [2015] Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016.
  • Kołakowski, Leszek, Main Currents of Marxism. P.S. Falla, trans. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2005.
  • Salvadori, Massimo L. Karl Kautsky and the Socialist Revolution, 1880-1938. Jon Rothschild, trans. London: New Left Books, 1979.
  • Steenson, Gary P. Karl Kautsky, 1854-1938: Marxism in the Classical Years. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1978.

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