Kemis Putih

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Kemis Putih
Kemis Putih
Bujana Mistik, Ikon karya Simon Ushakov (1685).
Disebut uga Kemis Suci
Covenant Thursday
Kemis Agung lan Suci
Thursday of Mysteries
Dirayakaké Kristen
Jinis Kristen / Sipil
Makna mèngeti Bujana akir Yesus Kristus
Kagiatan Layanan ibadah / Misa; distribusi Maundy money
Magepokan karo Minggu suci

Kemis Putih iku Kemis sadurungé Paskah, ing Dina Riyaya Minggu Suci iki umat Kristen mèngeti Bujana wengi akir sing dipimpin déning Yesus.[1] Dina iki arupa salah siji dina paling wigati jroning kalèndher Gréja.[2] Iki arupa dina pisanan saka dina riyaya Paskah, sing diwiwiti jam enem soré, lan suwéné pitung dina.[1] Dina kemis putih iki uga diarani Kemis Suci (Inggris : Holy Thursday)[1]

Ritual Bujana Wengi sawisé iki ing saben misa utawa kebaktian dipèngeti minangka riyaya Ékaristi utawa bujana suci.[2] Ing misa wengi iki, romo uga ngumbah sikil umat minangka pèngetan Yesus sing ngumbah sikil para muridé jroning bujana akir, leladiné Yesus ing donya sadurungé sédané.[2]

Sebutan Kemis sing béda ing manéka negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

William Blake's Kemis Suci (1794).

Panggunaan jeneng-jeneng "Maundy Thursday", "Holy Thursday" lan sing liyané béda-béda ing papan-papan sing béda uga. Sing dadi tetimbangan lan mangaruhi 'jeneng-jeneng' kuwi yaiku budaya kono kagandhèng geografis lan kasepakatan waé. Ing Inggris cetha dipigunakaké "Maundy Thursday" , nanging arang dipigunakaké ing kontèks Irlandia lan Skotlandia. Biasané umat uga ngétung adhedhasar tèknik kalèndher kono.

Gréja Anglikan migunakaké jeneng "Maundy Thursday" jroning buku tata ibadahé, lan nganggep jeneng "Holy Thursday" iku jeneng alternatif kanggo Dina Mekrad.[3][4] Nanging ing sanjabané tata ibadah resminé, Jemaat Anglikan sok-sok migunakaké jeneng "Holy Thursday" kanggo dina sadurungé Jemuah Adi.[5]

Gréja Katulik Roma, malah ing negara-negara kanthi "Maundy Thursday" dadi jeneng ing undhang-undhangé, migunakaké jeneng "Holy Thursday" jroning Buku Ibadah resmi basa Inggris ;[6] nanging, kejaba jroning tèks-tèks iki, Umat Katulik Roma sok-sok migunakaké "Maundy Thursday", khususé ing Inggris.[7]

Persekutuan Gréja Metodis migunakaké jeneng "Holy Thursday!" sajroné Ibadahé,[8] nanging jroning sumber resmi, dipigunakaké "Maundy Thursday"[9][10] lan "Holy Thursday".[11][12]

Kaloro jeneng iku dipigunakaké déning denominasi Kristen sing padha, klebu Gréja Luteran[13][14][15] utawa porsi Gréja Reformasi.[16][17][18]

Gréja Presbiterian migunakaké sebutan "Maundy Thursday" kanggo nuduhaké dina sing suci jroning sumber resminé.[19]

Jroning Gréja Ortodoks Wétan, dina kanggo dina suci, jroning Ritus Bizantine, "Great and Holy Thursday"[20] utawa "Holy Thursday",[21][22] lan ing Ritus Gréja Kulon "Maundy Thursday",[23][24] "Holy Thursday"[25] utawa kaloroné.[26]

Gréja Koptik Ortodoks migunakaké jeneng "Maundy Thursday" lan "Covenant Thursday" kanggo dina suci.[27] Jroning Gréja Maronite [28] lan Gréja Ortodoks Siria,[29] "Thursday of Mysteries" utawa Kemis Misteri.

"Maundy Thursday" iku jeneng resmi jroning undhang-undhang saka Inggris[30] lan Filipina.[31]

Taun Liturgi
Gréja Ritus Kulon
Gréja Ritus Wétan

Réferènsi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c (en) Elizabeth Stone., 'A handbook to the Christian year, for young people, London: Joseph and Co. 1860
  2. ^ Kaluputan sitat (pangutipan) Tag <ref> ora absah; ora ditemokaké tèks kanggo ref mawa jeneng Webber
  3. ^ "The Christian Year: Ascension Day". The Prayer Book Society of Canada. http://www.prayerbook.ca/bcp/propers.html#ascension. Retrieved 2009-04-11.[pranala nonaktif]
  4. ^ "Tables and Rules for the Moveable and Immoveable Feasts". Scottish Episcopal Church. http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bcp/Scotland/Scot_Tables_Rules.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  5. ^ "Anglicans Prepare for Easter". The Anglican Communion Official Website. http://www.anglicancommunion.org/acns/news.cfm/2006/4/12/ACNS4135. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  6. ^ "General Instruction of the Roman Missal, with adaptations for England and Wales". Catholic Bishops' Conference of England & Wales. http://www.liturgyoffice.org.uk/Resources/GIRM/Documents/GIRM.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  7. ^ "Holy Thursday 2009". Roman Catholic Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle. http://www.rcdhn.org.uk/lent2009/maundythursday_supper09.php. Retrieved 2009-04-11.[pranala nonaktif]
  8. ^ "United Methodist Book of Worship: Scripture Readings listed according to the Books of the Bible". General Board of Discipleship, The United Methodist Church. http://www.gbod.org/worship/default.asp?act=reader&item_id=8893&loc_id=733. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  9. ^ "Holy Week Service for Midweek, Maundy Thursday, or Good Friday". United Methodist Church. http://www.gbod.org/worship/default.asp?act=reader&item_id=1850&loc_id=1,32,49. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  10. ^ "Maundy Thursday". United Methodist Church. http://archives.umc.org/interior.asp?ptid=1&mid=2873. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  11. ^ "Preaching Helps for Holy Thursday, Year B (April 17, 2003)". United Methodist Church. http://www.gbod.org/worship/preaching/articles.asp?act=reader&item_id=7701&loc_id=1,32,49. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
  12. ^ "Worship Planning Helps for Holy Thursday (April 8, 2004)". United Methodist Church. http://www.gbod.org/worship/worship/articles.asp?act=reader&item_id=10486&loc_id=9,32,49,975. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
  13. ^ "What is Holy Thursday?". University Lutheran Chapel, Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod. http://www.ulcboulder.org/archive/Maundy%20Thursday%20What%20Is.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  14. ^ "Maundy Thursday". Historic Trinity Lutheran Church, Detroit. http://www.historictrinity.org/maundythursday.html. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  15. ^ "Counting. A little history of how '40 Days of Lent' came to be". The Lutheran, the magazine of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. http://www.thelutheran.org/article/article_buy.cfm?article_id=7022. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  16. ^ "Maundy Thursday". Reformed Church in America (RCA). http://www.rca.org/Page.aspx?pid=2615. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  17. ^ "Calendar 2009 Year of the Reformer John Calvin". The Hungarian Reformed Church in the US and Diaspora. http://www.reformatus.us/liturgy/hungarian-reformed-church-calendar-2009-year-of-the-reformer-john-calvin/. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  18. ^ "Calendar". Suydam Street Reformed Church. http://suydamstreetreformedchurch.org/calander_mar2008. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  19. ^ "Middle East churches issue call to prayer on Maundy Thursday". Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). http://www.pcusa.org/pcnews/2007/07187.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  20. ^ "Great and Holy Thursday". Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. http://lent.goarch.org/holy_thursday/learn/. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  21. ^ "Great Lent: Theology, Homilies, Services, Resources". St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, McKinney (Dallas area) Texas. http://www.orthodox.net/greatlent/. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  22. ^ "The Historical Development of Holy Week Services In the Orthodox/Byzantine Rite". Antiochan Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America. http://www.antiochian.org/midwest/Articles/Development_of_Holy_Week_Services.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  23. ^ "Saint Mark's Church: An Antiochian Orthodox Parish in the Western Rite Tradition". Western Orthodox. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20110511025200/http://www.westernorthodox.com/stmark/bulletin/bulletin_040509.PDF. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  24. ^ "Oratory of Our Lady of Glastonbury: Western Rite Orthodox Outreach to Southern Ontario". Oratory of Our Lady of Glastonbury. http://www.westernorthodox.ca/files/Christminster_Calendar_2009_2.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  25. ^ "Orthodox Liturgical Index". The Society of Clerks Secular of Saint Basil. http://www.reu.org/public/liturgys/litidx.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  26. ^ "Lent". Holy Incarnation Orthodox Church. http://holyincarnation.org/pub/Lent-Easter%202009.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  27. ^ "G Maundy (Covenant) Thursday". Coptic Orthodox Church. http://stmarymn.org/component/option,com_jcalpro/Itemid,59/extid,40/extmode,view/. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  28. ^ Liturgical Notes: Thursday of Mysteries
  29. ^ Liturgical Calendar of the Syriac Orthodox Church
  30. ^ "The Local Authorities (Referendums) (Petitions and Directions) (England) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2001". United Kingdom Office of Public Sector Information. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2001/20011310.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  31. ^ "Partial Listing of Regular Holidays / Special Non-Working and Working Holidays". Philippine Government. http://www.gov.ph/faqs/holidays.asp. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
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