Wong Rusyn

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Wong Karpatho-Rusyn

Flag of Carpathian Ruthenia.svg
Gendéra Karpathia Ruténia

Karpatska Ukraina-2 COA.svg
Lambang nagara Karpathia Ruténia
Tlatah mawa cacah jiwa akèh
 Slowak 33.482[1]
 Sèrbi 14.246[2]
 Ukraina 10.183[3]
 Amérika Sarékat 8.934[note 1][4]
 Honggari 3.882[5]
 Kroasia 2.879[6]
 Républik Céko 1.109[7]
 Polen 638[note 2][8]
 Rumeni at least 200 [note 3][9][10][11]
Basa
Basa Rusyn · Basa Ukraina · Basa Slowakia · Basa Rusia
Agama
Katulik Yunani, Ortodoks Wétan
Golongan ètnik magepokan
wong Ukraina · wong Slowakia · wong Boyko
wong Hutsul · wong Lémko

Wong Rusyn, uga karan wong Karpatho-Rusyn utawa wong Ruténé (Rusyn: Русины Rusyny; kala-kala uga dirujuk minangka wong Karpatho-Rusia utawa wong Rusnak), ya iku sawijininggolongan étnis diasporis sing nuturaké sawijining Basa Slavika Wétan, sing diarani basa Rusyn. Karpatho-Rusyns iku turunan saka wong Ruténia sing ora nganggo étnonim "wong Ukraina" ing kawitané abad ka-20. Panganggoné istilah wong Rusyn dilarang déning sawenèh pamaréntah, kaya sing bisa dideleng sakwise taun 1945 ing Soviet Transcarpathia, Polen komunis, lan Cékoslowakia.[12]

Ing dina iki, Slowakia, Polen, Honggari, Républik Céko, Sèrbi lan Kroasia sacara resmi nganggep wong Rusyn (utawa wong Ruténé) minangka étnis minoritas.[13] Ing taun 2007, wong Karpatho-Rusyn dianggep minangka étnis sing kapisah ing Ukraina déning Majelis Zakarpattia Enggon-enggonan, lan ing taun 2012 basa Rusyn nggayuh status enggon-enggonan resmi ing sawenèh wewengkoning propinsi. Pérangan gedhé wong sing ngaku ètnik Rusyn saiki dumunung sajabaning Ukraina.

Saka jumlah sing diwetara ya iku ana 1,2 yuta wong[12] sing asli wong Rusyn, amung ana 98.900 sing uwis nganggep dhiriné wong Rusyn ing bab pulitik utawa étnisitas ,[butuh rujukan] adhedhasar sènsus-sènsus ing wektu iki, pamaréntah Ukraina nulak nglebokaké Rusyn minangka sawijining jatidhiri ètnik ing blangko sènsus krana sawenèh alesan.[14] Sanajan ta, panggolonganing étnis Rusyn minangka étnis Slav Wétan sing kapisah lan beda saka wong Rusia, wong Ukraina, utawa wong Belarus utawa wong Polen ing Slavika Kulon[15] iku dianggep kontrovèrsial.[16][17][18] Mayoritas sujana Ukraina nganggep wong Rusyn minangka subgolongan étnis saka wong Ukraina (kaya étnis Ukraina sing dianggep minangka péranganing bangsa Rusia déning sawenèh sujana).[19][20] Bab iki dibantah déning sawenèh sujana Lémko [21] lan mayoritasé sujana Céko, Slowak, Kanada, lan Amérikah. Miturut sènsus Ukraina ing taun 2001 saperteloning wong Rusyn ing Ukraina nyaturaké basa Ukraina, déné sing liyané panggah nyaturaké basa asliné.[22]

Istilah "wong Rusyn," "wong Ruténé," "wong Rusniak," "wong Lémak," "wong Lyshak" lan "wong Lémko" dianggep déning sawenèh sujana minangka istilah sing historis, lokal lan sinonimus kanggo wong Karpathia Ukraina; sing liyané nganggep istilah "wong Lémko" lan "wong Rusnak" amung minangka warna istilah enggon-enggonan saka "wong Rusyn" utawa "wong Ruténé."[12]

Gladri[besut | besut sumber]

Cathetan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ Respondents in the U.S. census identified as Carpatho Rusyn
  2. ^ According to the 2011 Polish census, 10,531 respondents identified as Lemkos, separately from Rusyns.
  3. ^ While an estimated 200 people identified themselves as "Rusyns" in 2011, in the 2002 Romanian census, 3,890 people identified as Hutsuls (Romanian: Huțuli; Rusyn Hutsuly) – a minority whose members often identifiy or are regarded as a subgroup of the Rusyns. A further 61,091 Romanian citizens identified as Ukrainian (Romanian: Ucraineni). As the archaic exonym "Ruthenians" was applied indiscriminately to both Rusyns and Ukrainians, some Ukrainian-Romanians may also regard themselves as Rusyns in the sense of a subgroup of a broader Ukrainian identity.

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ "Permanently resident population by nationality and by regions and districts" (PDF) (ing Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2011. Diarsip saka sing asli (PDF) ing 2012-04-17. 
  2. ^ Становништво према националној припадности [Population by ethnicity]. Serbian Republic Institute of Statistics (ing Serb). 
  3. ^ Чисельність осіб окремих етнографічних груп украінського етносу та їх рідна мова [Number of persons individual ethnographic groups of the Ukrainian ethnicity and their native language]. ukrcensus.gov.ua (ing Ukraina). 2001. Dijupuk 4 March 2016.  The higher figure is an estimate based on the proportions of local-born ethnic "Ukrainians" living in relevant West-Ukrainian oblasts; the Dolinyan, Boyko and Hutsul areas are included.
    See Карта говорiв украïнськоï мови, 10.10.2008; Энциклопедический словарь: В 86 томах с иллюстрациями и дополнительными материалами. Edited by Андреевский, И.Е. − Арсеньев, К.К. − Петрушевский, Ф.Ф. − Шевяков, В.Т., s.v. Русины. Online version. Вологда, Russia: Вологодская областная универсальная научная библиотека, 2001 (1890−1907), 10.10.2008; Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Edited by Gordon, Raymond G., Jr., s.v. Rusyn. Fifteenth edition. Online version. Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.: SIL International, 2008 (2005), 10.10.2008; Eurominority: Peoples in search of freedom. Edited by Bodlore-Penlaez, Mikael, s.v. Ruthenians. Quimper, France: Organization for the European Minorities, 1999–2008, 10.10.2008. How this estimate has been prepared in detail, is represented in the Table 1 of this article.
  4. ^ "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported, 2010 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Dijupuk November 30, 2012. 
  5. ^ Population by nationality, mother tongue, language spoken with family members or friends and affinity with nationalities’ cultural values - official 2011 census data
  6. ^ "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NARODNOSTI, PO GRADOVIMA/OPĆINAMA, POPIS 2001" [Population by ethnicity in cities and municipalities, 2001 Census] (ing Croatian). State Institute for Statistics of the Republic of Croatia. 
  7. ^ "Rusínská národnostní menšina". Dijupuk 18 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Ludność. Stan i struktura demograficzno społeczna" [State and structure of the social demographics of the population] (PDF). Central Statistical Office of Poland (ing Polski). 2013. k. 91. Dijupuk 14 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Moser, Michael (2016). ""Rusyn"". In Tomasz Kamusella, Motoki Nomachi & Catherine Gibson. The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders (ing English). Basingstoke UK: Palgrave Macmillan. k. 132. 
  10. ^ "Populaţia după etnie" (PDF) (ing Romanian). Institutul Naţional de Statistică. Dijupuk 2011-10-28. 
  11. ^ "Date naţionale" (ing Romanian). Erdélyi Magyar Adatbank. Dijupuk 2011-10-28. 
  12. ^ a b c Paul Magocsi (1995).
  13. ^ Ukraine’s ethnic minority seeks independence.
  14. ^ "Законодавство України не дозволяє визнати русинів Закарпаття окремою національністю".
  15. ^ In 2011 census, page 273, the number of 183 persons speaking at home Lemkos, described themselves as Polish, and 1488 as Lemkos and Poles, while 4609 as Lemkos and non-Poles.
  16. ^ Professor Ivan Pop: Encyclopedia of Subcarpathian Ruthenia(Encyclopedija Podkarpatskoj Rusi).
  17. ^ Paul Robert Magocsi, Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture .
  18. ^ Tom Trier (1998), Inter-Ethnic Relations in Transcarpathian Ukraine
  19. ^ Wilson, Andrew (2000), The Ukrainians: Unexpected Nation, New Haven: Yale University Press.
  20. ^ Taras Kuzio (2005), "The Rusyn Question in Ukraine: Sorting Out Fact from Fiction", Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism, XXXII
  21. ^ Trochanowski, Piotr (14 January 1992).
  22. ^ "Number of persons of individual ethnic groups other than those of Ukrainian ethnicity and their native language" Чисельність осіб окремих етнографічних груп украінського етносу та їх рідна мова [Number of persons of individual ethnic groups other than those of Ukrainian ethnicity and their native language] (in Ukrainian).
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