Nowruz

Saka Wikipédia Jawa, bauwarna mardika basa Jawa
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Nowruz
نوروز
Wheatgrass.jpg
Nandur wheatgrass mujudaké salah sawijining tradhisi sadurungé Nowruz.
Uga ingaranMasalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value).[note 1]
Basa Azéri: Novruz, نوروز, Новруз
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Nawruz
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Наврез
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Nauruz
Basa Géorgia: ნავრუზი, Navruzi[note 2]
Basa Gujarat: નવરોઝ, Navarōjha
Basa Polen: Nowy Rok
Basa Slovak: Nový Rok
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Nawryz, ناۋ‎رىز
Kurdhi: نەورۆز‎, Newroz[note 3]
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Nooruz, نوورۇز
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Yaran Suvar
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Novruz[note 4]
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Nawruz
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Ebeltsan
Basa Tajik: Наврӯз, Navro‘z
Basa Tatar: Нәүрүз, Näwrüz, نەوروز
Basa Tati: Nuruz, نوروز
Basa Turki: Nevruz
Masalah Lua ing Modhul:Lang larik 1120: attempt to index field 'article_name' (a nil value)., Невруз, نوروز
Basa Urdu: نوروز, Nawrūz
Basa Uyghur: نورۇز‎, Noruz, Норуз
Basa Uzbèk: Navruz, Навруз, نەۋرۇز
Dipèngeti Iran
 Afghanistan
 Albania[1][2]
 Azerbaijan
 China (déning wong Tajik saka Xinjiang lan Wong Turkic)[3]
 Georgia[4]
 India (déning wong Parsi)[5]
 Iraq (déning Wong Kurdhi lan wong Turkmen saka Irak)[6]

 Kazakhstan[7]
 Kyrgyzstan[7]
 Pakistan (déning wong Pashtuns lan wong Baloch)[8]
 Russia (déning wong Tabasaran, wong Crimean Tatars, lsp.)[9]
 Syria (déning wong Kurdhi)[10][11]
 Tajikistan[12]
 Turkey (déning wong Azerbaijan ing Turki, wong Kurdhi lan wong Yörük)[13][14]
 Turkmenistan[15]
 Uzbekistan

JinisNasiyonal, golongan ètnis, internasiyonal
AncasPrèi Taun Anyar
Tanggal19, 20, utawa 21 Maret
Tanggal ing 2019Rebo 20 Maret 2019
tabuh 21:58 UTC *
Tanggal ing 2020Jumuwah 20 Maret 2020
tabuh 03:50 UTC *
Tanggal ing 2021Setu 20 Maret 2021
tabuh 09:37 UTC *
Tanggal ing 2022Sunday 20 March 2022
at 15:33 UTC *
Frékuwènsiannual

Nowruz (Pèrsi: نوروز‎‎ Nowruz, [nouˈɾuːz]; tegesé "dina anyar" utawa "dina nganyari") ya iku sebutané Taun Anyar Iran,[30][31] kang uga dikenal minangka Taun Anyar Pèrsi,[32][33] sing dipèngeti ing saindenging donya déning wong Iran, bebarengan karo sawenèh golongan ètno-basa, minangka dina kawitan saka Taun Anyar.

Sanajan aslaé saka Iran lan agama Zoroastrianismé, Nowruz uga dipèngeti déning wong-wong saka manéka warna paguyuban ètno-basa. Nowruz uwis dipèngeti suwèné luwih saka 3.000 taun ing Asia Kulon, Asia Tengah, ing wewengkon Kaukasus, ing sakupengé Black Sea Basin, lan ing wewengkon Balkan.[34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42] Nowruz dianggep minangka pèngetan sing sékulèr déning wong-wong sing ngrayakaké, saka manèka warna agama utawa kapracayan, nanging tetep dadi dina kang suci kanggoné pangrasuk Zoroastrianisme.[43]

Nowruz iku dina anané prastawa vernal equinox, lan dadi titikan mangsa semi ing Bumi Sisih Lor. Iku uga dadi titikané dina kawitan saka sasi kawitan (Farvardin) ing kalèndher Iran.[44] Nowruz biyasané dirayakaké ing tanggal 21 Maret utawa dina sadurungé utawa dina sawisé, gumantung saka wewengkon endi anggoné nitèni.

Cathetan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. Historical forms: Новрузит, نۉڤوزيت, Νοβρουζιτ
  2. Historical and proposed forms: ناڤروزى, Наврузи, Ναβρουζι, Նավրւզի
  3. Historical forms: Нәԝроз, Նաւրոզ
  4. Historical forms: ნოვრუზ, نوروز, Νοβρουζ

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. "The World Headquarters of the Bektashi Order – Tirana, Albania". komunitetibektashi.org. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  2. "Albania 2010 Bank Holidays". Bank-holidays.com. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  3. "Xinjiang Uygurs celebrate Nowruz festival to welcome spring". Xinhuanet.com. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  4. "Nowruz Declared as National Holiday in Georgia". civil.ge. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  5. a b "Nowruz observed in Indian subcontinent". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  6. "20 March 2012 United Nations Marking the Day of Nawroz". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Iraq). Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  7. a b c d "Celebrating Nowruz in Central Asia". fravahr.org. Archived from the original on 23 May 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  8. "Farsnews". FarsNews.com. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  9. "Россия празднует Навруз [Russia celebrates Nowruz]". Golos Rossii (in Russian). 21 March 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2013.CS1 dandani: Basa ora kaweruhan (link)
  10. a b "Arabs, Kurds to Celebrate Nowruz as National Day". Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  11. For Kurds, a day of bonfires, legends, and independence. Dan Murphy. 23 March 2004.
  12. a b "Tajikistan 2010 Bank Holidays". Bank-holidays.com. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  13. [1] ANADOLU’DA NEVRUZ KUTLAMALARI
  14. a b Emma Sinclair-Webb, Human Rights Watch, "Turkey, Closing ranks against accountability", Human Rights Watch, 2008. "The traditional Nowrouz/Nowrooz celebrations, mainly celebrated by the Kurdish population in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, and other parts of Kurdistan in Turkey, Iran, Syria and Armenia and taking place around March 21"
  15. a b "General Information of Turkmenistan". sitara.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  16. "2015 Official Bank Holidays Schedule". Bank of Albania. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  17. "Nowruz message". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  18. "Congratulations for the Start of the New Iranian Year! 1391". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  19. "Crimean Tatars not celebrating Nowruz". 21 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  20. a b "Dagestan marks Nowruz". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  21. "The Enduring Nowruz". 22 March 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  22. Nowruz Eve among Mazandarani people
  23. "Nowruz celebrations". Euronews.com. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  24. Lt. j.g. Keith Goodsell (March 7, 2011). "Key Afghan, US leadership plant trees for Farmer's Day". United States Central Command. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
  25. "Nowruz in Georgia and the Georgian Legacy in Iran". 28 March 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  26. "Nowruz in Takestan and Taleqan (Persian)". 20 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  27. "Farhang-e Tāti, Jahandoost Sabzalipour, Rasht: Farhang-e Iliya Press. Second. Edition in 2013" (PDF). March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  28. "Do Uyghur Celebrate Chinese New Year?". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  29. "Uzbek President says Hussein must be disarmed". Eurasianet.org. 2003-03-24. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved 6 April 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  30. "Culture of Iran: No-Rooz, The Iranian New Year at Present Times". www.iranchamber.com. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  31. Stausberg, Michael; Sohrab-Dinshaw Vevaina, Yuhan (2015). "The Iranian festivals: Nowruz and Mehregan". The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Zoroastrianism. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 494–495. ISBN 978-1118786277.
  32. "NOWRUZ". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Nowruz, "New Day", is a traditional ancient festival which celebrates the starts of the Persian New Year.
  33. Melton, J. Gordon (2011). Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 620. ISBN 978-1598842067. Nowruz, an ancient spring festival of Persian origin (and the Zoroastrian New Year's day)...
  34. "General Assembly Recognizes 21 March as International Day of Nowruz, Also Changes to 23–24 March Dialogue on Financing for Development - Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". UN.org. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  35. Kenneth Katzman (2010). Iran: U. S. Concerns and Policy Responses. DIANE Publishing. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  36. General Assembly Fifty-fifth session 94th plenary meeting Friday, 9 March 2001, 10 a.m. New York. United Nations General Assembly. 9 March 2001. Retrieved 2010-04-06.
  37. J. Gordon Melton (13 September 2011). Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations. ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  38. "Nowrooz, a Persian New Year Celebration, Erupts in Iran – Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. 2010-03-16. Archived from the original on 2010-03-22. Retrieved 6 April 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  39. "U.S. mulls Persian New Year outreach". Washington Times. 2010-03-19. Retrieved 2010-04-06.
  40. "National holidays and key dates in the Kurdistan Region's history". Kurdistan Regional Government. Kurdistan Regional Government. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  41. Historical Dictionary of the Kurds, Michael M. Gunter.
  42. Jaclyn, Michael. Nowruz Curriculum Text. Harvard University.
  43. Xenophon and His World: Papers from a Conference Held in Liverpool in July 1999. 1 July 1999. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
  44. "What Is Norooz? Greetings, History And Traditions To Celebrate The Persian New Year". International Business Times. Retrieved 1 February 2016.