Mencawak

Saka Wikipédia Jawa, bauwarna bébas abasa Jawa
(Dilih saka Slira)

Life

Mencawak
Kalamangsa: Miocene to present
Monitor lizard in Kalahari.JPG
Rock monitor (Varanus albigularis)
Klasifikasi ngèlmiah e
Karajan: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Klas: Reptilia
Ordho: Squamata
Famili: Varanidae
Génus: Varanus


Merrem, 1820

Spésies tipe
Varanus varius
Shaw, 1790
Subgenera
  • Empagusia
  • Euprepiosaurus
  • Odatria
  • Papusaurus
  • Philippinosaurus
  • Polydaedalus
  • Psammosaurus
  • Soterosaurus
  • Varaneades
  • Varanus

(delengen ing wedharan)

Mencawak, menyawak, nyambik utawa slira/salira (Varanus), yaiku kadhal gedhé asli saka Afrika, Asia lan Oséania. Nanging saik uga tinemu ing Amérika minangka spésiès invasif. Ana 79 spésiès kang saiki wis kenali.


Wedharan[besut | besut sumber]

Mencawak kalebu jinis kadhal kang gedhé, duwé gulu kang dawa, buntut lan cakar kang rosa. Dawané saka 20 cm nganti luwi saka 3 m mliginé tumrap menyawak komodho. Déné jinis Varanus priscus kang wus cures malah luwih saka 7 m. Akéh jinis mencawak kang karnivora kanthi mangan srangga, urang-urangan, endhog, rèptil cilik, iwak lan mamalia cilik. Akéh-akéhé mencawak mangan kéwan invertebrata nalika isih nom, déné sawisé diwasa mangan kéwan vertebrata. Menyawak komodho diwasa, jinis menyawak kang paling gedhé luwih saka 50% pangané rupa kidang[1]. Déné 3 spésiès mencawak saka Filipina kang urip ing wit, yaiku Varanus bitatawa, Varanus mabitang, lan Varanus olivaceus mung mangan woh-wohan[2][3][4].
Racaké mencawak urip dhéwé, nanging uga bisa urip ing kelompok nganti cacah 25 ing ékosistem kang larang banyu.

Spésiès[besut | besut sumber]

V. bengalensis, Mencawak Bengala
V. timorensis, Mencawak Timor
V. salvadorii, mencawak baya
V. nilocitus
Perentie (Varanus giganteus)
Varanus macraei

Genus Varanus

Spqcixs kang ditengeri ateges wis cures

Subgenus Empagusia:

Subgenus Euprepiosaurus:[5]

Subgenus Odatria:

Subgenus Papusaurus:

Subgenus Philippinosaurus:

Subgenus Polydaedalus:

Subgenus Psammosaurus:

Subgenus Soterosaurus:

Subgenus Varaneades:

Subgenus Varanus:


Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ Auffenberg, Walter (1981). The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor. University Press of Florida. 
  2. ^ Greene, Harry W. (1986). Diet and Arboreality in the Emerald Monitor, Varanus Prasinus, with Comments on the Study of Adaptation. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History. OCLC 14915452. Dijupuk 12 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Welton, L. J.; Siler, C. D.; Bennett, D.; Diesmos, A.; Duya, M. R.; Dugay, R.; Rico, E. L. B.; Van Weerd, M.; Brown, R. M. (2010). "A spectacular new Philippine monitor lizard reveals a hidden biogeographic boundary and a novel flagship species for conservation". Biology Letters 6 (5): 654–658. PMC 2936141. PMID 20375042. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0119. 
  4. ^ Struck, U; Altenbach, AV; Gaulke, M; F, Glaw (2002). "Tracing the diet of the monitor lizard Varanus mabitang by stable isotope analyses (d15N, d13C)". Naturwissenschaften 89: 470–473. doi:10.1007/s00114-002-0361-8. 
  5. ^ Ziegler, Thomas; Schmitz, Andreas; Koch, Andre; Böhme, Wolfgang (2007). "A review of the subgenus Euprepiosaurus of Varanus (Squamata: Varanidae): morphological and molecular phylogeny, distribution and zoogeography, with an identification key for the members of the V. indicus and the V. prasimus species groups". Zootaxa 1472: 1-28.
  6. ^ Varanus keithhornei, The Reptile Database
  7. ^ Weijola, Valter; Sweet, Samuel (2010). "A new melanistic species of lizard (Reptilia: Squamata: Varanidae) from Sanana Island, Indonesia" (PDF). Zootaxa 2434: 17–32. 
  8. ^ Varanus prasinus, The Reptile Database
  9. ^ Eidenmüller, Bernd; Wicker, Rudolf (2005). "Eine weitere neue Waranart aus dem Varanus prasinus-Komplex von den Insel Misol, Indonesian ". Sauria 27 (1): 3-8. (Varanus reisingeri, new species). (in German).
  10. ^ Weijola, Valter; Donnellan, Stephen; Lindqvist, Christer (2016). "A new blue-tailed lizard (Reptilia, Squamata, Varanus) of the Varanus indicus group from Mussau Island, Papua New Guinea". ZooKeys 568 (568): 129–54. PMC 4829673. PMID 27103877. doi:10.3897/zookeys.568.6872. 
  11. ^ Varanus baritji, The Reptile Database
  12. ^ https://news.ku.edu/2015/01/12/undercover-researchers-expose-two-new-species-lizard-sale-philippine-black-market
  13. ^ Koch, André; Gaulke, Maren; Böhme, Wolfgang (2010). "Unravelling the underestimated diversity of Philippine water Lizards (Squamata: Varanus salvator complex), with description of two new species and a new subspecies". Zootaxa 2446: 1-54. (Varanus rasmusseni, new species, p. 28).
  14. ^ "Varanus (Soterosaurus) rasmusseni ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.