Hagia Sophia

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Langsung menyang: pandhu arah, pados
Katon njaba Hagia Sophia, 2004
Katon njero Hagia Sophia, 1993

Hagia Sophia Basa Yunani:Ἁγία Σοφία; "Kawicaksanan Suci", Basa Turki:Ayasofya, Basa Latin:Sancta Sophia utawa Sancta Sapientia) kuwi sawijining panggonan, tilas gréja, banjur dadi masjid, saiki dadi museum, ing Istanbul, Turki. Misuwur kanthi kubahé kang gedhé, wangunan iki dianggep lambang utawa conto Arsitèktur Bizantium. Wangunan iki dadi katedral kang gedhé dhéwé sadonya sadurungé ana Katedral Seville.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hagia Sophia yaiku bangunan kuno panilasan saka kekaisaran Romawi Wétan, kang ana ing tengah-tengah kuta Constantinopel.Bangunan Constantinopel sakdurungé kanthi jéneng Byzantium Constantinopel (280-337),kanthi mlakuné jaman semanauga ganti dadi jeneng Istabul, salah sijiné kuta kang misuwur ana ing Turki. Hagia Sophia kanggo gereja ana ing umat kristen wétan kang digawe Contantinus yaiku putrané Kaisar Constantine Agung, awalé awujud basilika kang ditahbisake ing tahun 360.Gereja iki ngalami arubah wujud saka bangunané karana kobongan lan gempa bumi. Ing masa kaisar Justinianus (527-565), Hagia Sophia kang ngelambangake kajayaan kekaisaran Romawi Wétan diresmikake ana ing tanggal 7 mei 558 lan pangrombakan wujudté bangunan ana ing awal abad-14.Sakjroning Contstantinopel tiba ana ing tangan tentara islam kang di pimpin ana ing Muhmud II (Muhammad al-Fatih, pamarentahan tahun 1444-1446 lan 1451-1481 ing tanggal 27 mei 1453, jeneng kuta diganti dadi Istabul lan didadekake ibu kuta Daulah Turki Usmani. Sakjroning Constantinopel bisa direbut, Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih ngumandangake takbir lan nglakuni sholat.Gereja Aya Sofia didadekake masjid lan dikenal karan masjid Aya Sofia (Hagia Sophia). Sakjroning limang abad dadi masjid, panguasa Turki kang jenenge Mustafa Kemal Ataturk ndadekake masjid Aya Sofia dadi museum ing sakjroning pangawasan pamarentah.

Galeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Exterior

Interior

Upper Gallery

Èleèn Islam

Lukisan sajarah

Cathetan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Delengen uga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Literatur[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Joseph D. Alchermes: Art and Architecture in the Age of Justinian, in: Michael Maas (Ed.): The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian. Cambridge 2005, pg. 343–375.
  • Balfour, John Patrick Douglas (1972). Hagia Sophia. W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-88225-014-4.
  • Cimok, Fatih (2004). Hagia Sophia. Milet Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-975-7199-61-8.
  • Doumato, Lamia (1980). The Byzantine church of Hagia Sophia: Selected references. Vance Bibliographies. ASIN B0006E2O2M.
  • Goriansky, Lev Vladimir (1933). Haghia Sophia: analysis of the architecture, art and spirit behind the shrine in Constantinople dedicated to Hagia Sophia. American School of Philosophy. ASIN B0008C47EA.
  • Howland Swift, Emerson (1937). The bronze doors of the gate of the horologium at Hagia Sophia. University of Chicago. ASIN B000889GIG.
  • Kahler, Heinz (1967). Haghia Sophia. Praeger. ASIN B0008C47EA.
  • Kinross, Lord (1972)). Hagia Sophia, Wonders of Man. Newsweek. ASIN B000K5QN9W.
  • Kleinbauer, W. Eugene; Anthony White (2007). Hagia Sophia. London: Scala Publishers. ISBN 978-1-85759-308-2.
  • Kleinbauer, W. Eugene (2000). Saint Sophia at Constantinople: Singulariter in Mundo (Monograph (Frederic Lindley Morgan Chair of Architectural Design), No. 5.). William L. Bauhan. ISBN 978-0-87233-123-5.
  • Krautheimer, Richard (1984). Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-05294-7.
  • Mainstone, R. J. (1997). Hagia Sophia: Architecture, Structure, and Liturgy of Justinian's Great Church. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-27945-8.
  • Mainstone, Rowland J. (1988). Hagia Sophia. Architecture, structure and liturgy of Justinian's great church. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-34098-6.
  • Mango, Cyril; Ahmed Ertuğ (1997). Hagia Sophia. A vision for empires. Istanbul.
  • Nelson, Robert S. (2004). Hagia Sophia, 1850-1950: Holy Wisdom Modern Monument. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-57171-3.
  • Özkul, T. A. (2007). Structural characteristics of Hagia Sophia: I-A finite element formulation for static analysis. Elsevier.
  • Swainson, Harold (2005). The Church of Sancta Sophia Constantinople: A Study of Byzantine Building. Boston, MA: Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4021-8345-4.
  • Yucel, Erdem (2005). Hagia Sophia. Scala Publishers. ISBN 978-1-85759-250-4.
  • Hagia Sophia from the Age of Justinian to the Present. Princeton Architectural. 1992. ISBN 978-1-878271-11-2.

Mosaik[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • MacDonald, William Lloyd (1951). The uncovering of Byzantine mosaics in Hagia Sophia. Archaeological Institute of America. ASIN B0007GZTKS.
  • Mango, Cyril (1972). The mosaics of St. Sophia at Istanbul: The church fathers in the north Tympanum. Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. ASIN B0007CAVA0.
  • Mango, Cyril (1968). The Apse mosaics of St. Sophia at Istanbul: Report on work carried out in 1964. Johnson Reprints. ASIN B0007G5RBY.
  • Mango, Cyril; Heinz Kahler (1967). Hagia Sophia: With a Chapter on the Mosaics. Praeger. ASIN B0000CO5IL.
  • Teteriatnikov, Natalia B. (1998). Mosaics of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul: The Fossati Restoration and the Work of the Byzantine Institute. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. ISBN 978-0-88402-264-0.
  • Yücel, Erdem (1988). The mosaics of Hagia Sophia. Efe Turizm. ASIN B0007CBGYA.

Pranala njaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Mosaik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koordinat: 41°00′31″N 28°58′48″E / 41.0085°N 28.98°E / 41.0085; 28.98

Cithakan:Masjid ing Turki

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