Kim Jong-il

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Kim Jong-il
김정일
Kim Jong il Portrait-2.jpg
Ketuwa Komisi Pertahanan Nasional Korea Lor
sawise September 1998
Linggih
9 April 1993 – 17 Desember 2011
PrésidhènKim Yong-nam
PrémiyèrHong Song-nam
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Yong-il
Kang sadurungéKim Il-sung
Kang sawiséKim Jong-un
Komandan Utami Tentara Rakyat Korea
Linggih
Juli 1994 – 17 Desember 2011
Kang sadurungéKim Il-sung
Kang sawiséKim Jong-un
Sekretaris Jenderal Parte Buruh
Linggih
8 Oktober 1997 – 17 Desember 2011
Kang sadurungéKim Il-sung
Kang sawiséKim Jong-un
Rerincèn dhiri
Lair(1941-Cithakan:NOMORBULAN-16)16 Fèbruari 1941
Cithakan:Country data Uni Sovyet Vyatskoye, Uni Soviet (cathetan Uni Sovyet)
(1942-Cithakan:NOMORBULAN-16)16 Fèbruari 1942
Kamaharajan JepangFlag of the Japanese Resident General of Korea (1905).svg Mt. Baekdu, Korea Jepang (cathetan Korea Lor)
Pati17 Dhésèmber 2011 (umur 69–70)
Koréa Lor Pyongyang, Korea Lor
BangsaKorea Lor
Parté pulitikParte Buruh Korea
SisihanKo Yong-hui
Song Hye-rim
AnakKim Jong Un, Kim Jong-nam, Kim Yo-jong
AgamaAteis
Kim Jong-il
Chosŏn'gŭl김정일
Hancha金正日
McCune–ReischauerKim Chŏngil
AlihaksaraGim Jeong(-)il

Kim Jong-il (miturut versi rasmi biografine lair 16 Fèbruari 1942 – pati 17 Dhésèmber 2011 ing umur 69 taun) yaiku pimpinan Korea Lor sawise 1994. Ia ngegantike ramane, Kim Il-sung sing sampun mimpin Korea Lor sawise 1948.

Referensi[besut | besut sumber]

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Sumber[besut | besut sumber]

  • Becker, Jasper (2006). Rogue Regime: Kim Jong Il and the Looming Threat of North Korea. US: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-530891-4.
  • Breen, Michael (2012). Kim Jong-il: North Korea's Dear Leader: Who He Is What He Wants and What To Do About Him (Revised and Updated ed.). Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore. ISBN 978-1-118-15377-2.
  • Buzo, Adrian (2002). The Making of Modern Korea. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-23749-9.
  • Coolidge, Frederick L.; Segal, Daniel L. (2009). "Is Kim Jong-il like Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler? A personality disorder evaluation" (PDF). Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. 1 (3): 195–202. doi:10.1080/19434470903017664. S2CID 20256106. Diarsip saka sing asli (PDF) ing 9 October 2016. Dibukak ing 8 December 2018.
  • Kim Jong Il: Brief History (PDF). Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 1998. OCLC 272459470.
  • Kleiner, Jürgen (2001). Korea, a Century of Change. River Edge: World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-279-995-1.
  • Lankov, Andrei (2014). The Real North Korea: Life and Politics in the Failed Stalinist Utopia. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-939003-8.
  • Lim, Jae-Cheon (2015). Leader Symbols and Personality Cult in North Korea: The Leader State. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-56741-7.
  • Noland, Marcus (2004). "Famine and Reform in North Korea". Asian Economic Papers. 3 (2): 1–40. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.6.8390. doi:10.1162/1535351044193411. S2CID 57565869.

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