Kapuloan Kuril

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Kapuloan Kuril
Pulo Sengketa
Jeneng Asli: Курильские острова
千島列島
Sea of Okhotsk map.png
Lokasi Kapuloan Kuril ing Pasifik Kulon antara Jepang lan Ujung Kamchatka, Rusia
Geografi
Lokasi Lautan Teduh
Koordinat 46°30′N 151°30′E / 46.500°N 151.500°E / 46.500; 151.500Koordhinat: 46°30′N 151°30′E / 46.500°N 151.500°E / 46.500; 151.500
Total Kapuloan 56
Area 10,503.2 km2 (2,595,400 acres; 4,055.3 sq mi)
Titik Tertinggi
  • Alaid
  • 2,339 metres (7,674 ft)
Diprentah dening
Rusia
Dhistrik Severo-Kurilsky, Kurilsky lan Dhistrik Yuzhno-Kurilsky, (Sakhalin Oblast)
Diklaim dening
Rusia
Dhistrik Severo-Kurilsky, Kurilsky lan Dhistrik Yuzhno-Kurilsky, (Sakhalin Oblast)
Jepang
Sub-prefektur Sub-prefektur Nemuro (Hokkaido) (sebagiyan, kapuloan paling kidul)
Demografik
Populasi 19.434 (ing 2010)
Pulo Matua kadeleng seka Raikoke.

Kapuloan Kuril (/ˈkʊərɪl/, /ˈkjʊərɪl/, or /kjʊˈrl/; Russian: Кури́льские острова́, tr. Kurilskiye ostrova, IPA: [kʊˈrʲilʲskʲɪjə ɐstrɐˈva] utawa Russian: островá Тисима, tr. ostrova Tisima; Basa Jepang: Kuriru rettō (クリル列島, "Kapuloan Kuril") utawa Chishima rettō (千島列島, "Kapuloan Chishima"), ing Oblast Sakhalin, Rusia, ya iku kapuloan vulkanik kang ngabentang dawané 1,300 km (810 mi) wiwit lor-wétan Hokkaido, Jepang, nganti Ujung KamchatkaKamchatka, Rusia, kapisah déning Segara Okhotsk saka Samudra Pasifik Lor. Ana 56 pulo lan karang.[1] Ambané laaldan iki ana 10,503.2 square kilometres (4,055.3 sq mi)[2] lan gunggung cacah jiwané ana 19.434 wong.[3]

Kapuloan Kuril dikuwasani déning Rusia. Jepang ngeklaim loro pulo paling kidul yaiku Iturup lan Kunashir minangka pérangan saka wewengkoné, kaya Shikotan lan Habomai kang isih dipersengkétakaké. Kapuloan kang dipersengkétakaké ing Jepang dijuluki minangka "Teritorial Paling Lor Nagara".[4]

Étimologi[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Kuril dijupuk saka Basa Ainu: "kur", artiné wong. Ing Basa Jepang, kapuloan iki sinebut Kapuloan Chishima (Kanji: 千島列島 Chishima Rettō pronounced [tɕi̥ɕima ɾettoː], tegesé, Kapuloan Sewu), uga sinebut Kapuloan Kuriru (Katakana: クリル列島 Kuriru Rettō [kɯɾiɾɯ ɾettoː], literally, Kapuloan Kuril).

Dhaftar Pulo[besut | besut sumber]

Karang Signalny, kadeleng seka Cape Nosappu, Jepang

Tabèl ing ngisor iki nuduhaké informasi ngenani pulo-pulo wiwit ka lor nganti kidul:

Pulo Rusia: NameJeneng Jepang: Jeneng Jeneng Alternatif Gugus Kapuloan Ibukotha Kutha Liyane Jembar 

(km2)

Populasi
Dhistrik Severo-Kurilsky Kuril Lor Kuril Lor (Kita-chishima / 北千島) Severo-Kurilsk Shelikovo, Podgorny, Baikovo 3.504,00 2.560
Shumshu Шумшу 占守島 Shumushu Kuril Lor Baikovo 388.0 20
Atlasov Атласова 阿頼度島 Oyakoba, Araido Kuril Lor Pesisir Alaidskaya 150.0 0
Paramushir Парамушир 幌筵島 Paramushiru, Horomushiro Kuril Lor Severo-Kurilsk Shelikovo, Podgorny 2,053.0 2,540
Antsiferov Анциферова 志林規島 Shirinki Kuril Lor Pesisir Antsiferov Cape Terkut 7.0 0
Makanrushi Маканруши 磨勘留島 Makanru Kuril Lor Jakat 50.0 0
Awos Авось 帆掛岩 Hokake, Hainoko Kuril Lor 0.1 0
Onekotan Онекотан 温禰古丹島 Kuril Lor Mussel Kuroisi, Nemo, Shestakov 425.0 0
Kharimkotan Харимкотан 春牟古丹島 Harimukotan, Harumukotan Kuril Lor Sunazhma Pesisir Severgin 70.0 0
Ekarma Экарма 越渇磨島 Ekaruma Kuril Lor Kruglyy 30.0 0
Chirinkotan Чиринкотан 知林古丹島 Kuril Lor Cape Ptichy 6.0 0
Shiashkotan Шиашкотан 捨子古丹島 Shasukotan Kuril Lor Makarovka 122.0 0
Lowuschki Rocks Ловушки 牟知列岩 Mushiru Kuril Lor 1,5 0
Raikoke Райкоке 雷公計島 Kuril Lor Raikoke 4.6 0
Matua Матуа 松輪島 Matsuwa Kuril Lor Sarychevo 52.0 0
Rasshua Расшуа 羅処和島 Rashowa, Rasutsua Kuril Lor Arches Point 67.0 0
Srednego Среднего 摺手岩 Suride Kuril Lor 0
Ushishir Ушишир 宇志知島 Ushishiru Kuril Lor Kraternya Ryponkicha 5.0 0
Ketoy Кетой 計吐夷島 Ketoi Kuril Lor Storozheva 73.0 0
Dhistrik Kurilsky District Kuril Tengah (Naka-chishima / 中千島) ana ing tengah-tengah Kurilsk Reidovo, Kitovyi, Rybaki, Goryachiye Klyuchi, Kasatka, Burevestnik, Shumi-Gorodok, Gornyy 5,138.4 6,606
Simushir Симушир 新知島 Shimushiru, Shinshiru Kuril Lor Kraternyy Srednaya bay 360.0 0
Broutona Броутона 武魯頓島 Buroton, Makanruru Kuril Lor Nedostupnyy 7.0 0
Chirpoy Чирпой 知理保以島 Chirihoi, Chierupoi Kuril Lor Peschanaya Bay 21.0 0
Brat Chirpoyev Брат Чирпоев 知理保以南島 Chirihoinan Kuril Lor Garovnikova Semenova 16.0 0
Urup Уруп 得撫島 Uruppu Kuril Lor Mys Kastrikum Mys Van-der-Lind 1,450.0 ~4
Other Kuril Lor 4.4 0
Iturup Итуруп 択捉島 Etorofu Kuril Kidul (Minami-chishima / 南千島) Kurilsk Reidovo, Kitovyi, Rybaki, Goryachiye Klyuchi, Kasatka, Burevestnik, Shumi-Gorodok, Gornyy 3,280.0 6,602
Yuzhno-Kurilsky District Kuril Kidul Kuril Kidul Yuzhno-Kurilsk Malokurilskoye, Rudnaya, Lagunnoye, Otrada, Goryachiy Plyazh, Aliger, Mendeleyevo, Dubovoye, Polino, Golovnino 1,860.8 10,268
Kunashir Кунашир 国後島 Kunashiri Kuril Kidul Yuzhno-Kurilsk Rudnaya, Lagunnoye, Otrada, Goryachiy Plyazh, Aliger, Mendeleyevo, Dubovoye, Polino, Golovnino 1,499.0 7,800
Shikotan Group Шикотан 色丹列島 Kuril Kidul Malokurilskoye Dumnova, Otradnaya, Krabozavodskoye (Anama), Zvezdnaya, Voloshina, Kray Sveta 264.13 2,440
Shikotan Шикотан 色丹島 Kuril Kidul Malokurilskoye Dumnova, Otradnaya, Krabozavodskoye (formerly Anama), Zvezdnaya, Voloshina, Kray Sveta 255.00 2,440
Other Kuril Kidul Ayvazovskovo 9.1 0
Khabomai Хабомаи 歯舞群島 Habomai Kuril Kidul Zorkiy Zelyonyi, Polonskogo 97.70 28
** Polonskogo Полонского 多楽島 Taraku Kuril Kidul Pesisir Moriakov 11.57 2
** Oskolki Осколки 海馬島 Todo, Kaiba Kuril Kidul 0
** Zelyonyi Зелёный 志発島 Shibotsu Kuril Kidul Glushnevskyi station 58.72 3
** Kharkar Харкар 春苅島 Harukaru, Dyomina Kuril Kidul Haruka 0.8 0
** Yuri Юрий 勇留島 Yuri Kuril Kidul Kalernaya 10.32 0
** Anuchina Анучина 秋勇留島 Akiyuri Kuril Kidul Bolshoye Bay 2.35 0
** Tanfilyeva Танфильева 水晶島 Suishō Kuril Kidul Zorkiy Tanfilyevka Bay, Bolotnoye 12.92 23
** Storozhevoy Сторожевой 萌茂尻島 Moemoshiri Kuril Kidul 0.07 0
** Rifovy Рифовый オドケ島 Odoke Kuril Kidul 0
** Signalny Сигнальный 貝殻島 Kaigara Kuril Kidul 0.02 0
** Other Kuril Kidul Opasnaga, Udivitelnaya 1.0 0
Total 10,503.2 19,434

Deleng Uga[besut | besut sumber]

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ GSE
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2011-01-14. Dijupuk 2011-02-01. 
  3. ^ "Kuril Islands: factfile". The Daily Telegraph (London). November 1, 2010. 
  4. ^ Koike, Yuriko (31 March 2014). "Japan’s Russian Dilemma". 

Uga wacanen[besut | besut sumber]

  • Gorshkov, G. S. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. Monographs in geoscience. New York: Plenum Press, 1970. ISBN 0-306-30407-4
  • Krasheninnikov, Stepan Petrovich, and James Greive. The History of Kamtschatka and the Kurilski Islands, with the Countries Adjacent. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1963.
  • Rees, David. The Soviet Seizure of the Kuriles. New York: Praeger, 1985. ISBN 0-03-002552-4
  • Takahashi, Hideki, and Masahiro Ōhara. Biodiversity and Biogeography of the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. Bulletin of the Hokkaido University Museum, no. 2-. Sapporo, Japan: Hokkaido University Museum, 2004.
  • Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi. Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan. 2006. ISBN 978-0-674-02241-6.
  • Alan Catharine and Denis Cleary. Unwelcome Company. A fiction thriller novel set in 1984 Tokyo and the Kuriles featuring a light aircraft crash and escape from Russian-held territory. On Kindle.

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]

Cithakan:Kuril Islands Cithakan:Sea of Okhotsk Islands