Edmund Husserl

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Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl

Edmund Husserl
Jeneng pepak Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl
Lair April 8, 1859, Proßnitz, Moravia, Austria (today Prostějov, Czech Republic)
Pati 28 April 1938 (umur 79) Freiburg, Germany
Era 20th-century philosophy
Wilayah Western Philosophy
Pendhidhikan Phenomenology
Kawigatèn utama Epistemology, Mathematics
Gagasan wigati Epoché, Natural Standpoint, Noema, Noesis, Eidetic Reduction, Retention and protention, Phenomenology

Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (lair ing Prostějov (Prossnitz), Moravia, Ceko, 8 April 1859 – tilar donya ing Freiburg, Jerman, 26 April 1938 kanthi umur79 taun)[2] inggih punika satunggaling filsuf Jerman,[3] ingkang dipunkenal minangka bapak fenomenologi.[4] Karyanipun nilaraken orièntasi ingkang murni positivis wonten ing sains lan filsafat nalika jamanipun, lan nengenaken pengalaman subyektif minangka sumber saking sedaya pengetahuan kula lan panjengengan sedaya babagan fénoména obyektif. [5]

Husserl miyos wonten ing satunggaling kulawarga Yahudi wonten ing Prostějov (Proßnitz), Moravia, Ceko (ingkang wekdal punika minangka bagéyan saking Kekaisaran Austria).[6] Husserl minangka murid Franz Brentano lan Carl Stumpf; karya filsafatipun ingkang kagungan pangaruh, antawisipun, Edith Stein (St. Teresa Benedicta saking Salib), Eugen Fink, Max Scheler, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Emmanuel Lévinas, Rudolf Carnap, Hermann Weyl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, lan Roman Ingarden. Taun 1887 Husserl pindhah agama dados Kristen lan kagabung kaliyan Gereja Lutheran. Piyambakipun ngajar filsafat wonten ing Halle minangka satunggaling tutor (Privatdozent) saking taun 1887, lajeng wonten ing Göttingen minangka profesor saking taun 1901, lan wonten ing Freiburg ing Breisgau saking taun 1916 dumugi piyambakipun pensiun taun 1928. Sasampunipun punika, piyambakipun nglajengaken panalitènipun lan nyerat kanthi migunakaken perpustakaan wonten ing Freiburg, dumugi piyambakipun dipunlarang-amargi piyambakipun keturunan Yahudi - ingkang wekdal punika dipunpimpin dening rektor, lan saperangan amargi pangaruh saking bekas muridipun, ingkang ugi minangka anak emasipun, Martin Heidegger. [7]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Karya-karya Husserl[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1887. Über den Begriff der Zahl. Psychologische Analysen.
  • 1891. Philosophie der Arithmetik. Psychologische und logische Untersuchungen. [1970, Philosophy of Arithmetic]
  • 1900. Logische Untersuchungen. Erste Teil: Prolegomena zur reinen Logik. [1970, Logical Investigations. Vol 1]
  • 1901. Logische Untersuchungen. Zweite Teil: Untersuchungen zur Phänomenologie und Theorie der Erkenntnis. [1970, Logical Investigations. Vol 2]
  • 1911. Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft. [1965, included in "Phenomenology and the Crisis of Philosophy: Philosophy as Rigorous Science and Philosophy and the Crisis of European Man"]
  • 1913. Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Erstes Buch: Allgemeine Einführung in die reine Phänomenologie. [1931, Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology]
  • 1923-24. Erste Philosophie. Zweiter Teil: Theorie der phänomenologischen Reduktion. [1959, First Philosophy, Vol 2: Phenomenological Reductions]
  • 1925. Erste Philosophie. Erste Teil: Kritische Ideengeschichte. [1956, First Philosophy Vol 1: Critical History of Ideas]
  • 1928. Vorlesungen zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins.
  • 1929. Formale und transzendentale Logik. Versuch einer Kritik der logischen Vernunft. [1969, Formal and Transcendental Logic]
  • 1931. Méditations cartésiennes. [1960, Cartesian Meditations]
  • 1936. Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzentale Phänomenologie: Eine Einleitung in die phänomenologische Philosophie. [1970, The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology: An Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy]
  • 1939. Erfahrung und Urteil. Untersuchungen zur Genealogie der Logik. [1973, Experience and Judgment]
  • 1952. Ideen II: Phänomenologische Untersuchungen zur Konstitution.
  • 1952. Ideen III: Die Phänomenologie und die Fundamente der Wissenschaften.

Karya-karya babagan Husserl[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Derrida, Jacques, 1976 (Inggris). Undecidables and old names: Derrida's deconstruction and Introduction to Husserl's The Origin of Geometry.
  • Derrida, Jacques, 1967 (Perancis), 1973 (Inggris). Speech and Phenomena (La Voix et le Phénomène), and other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs. ISBN 0-8101-0397-4
  • Everdell, William R. (1998). The First Moderns. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-22480-5.
  • Hill, C. O., 1991. Word and Object in Husserl, Frege, and Russell: The Roots of Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Ohio Uni. Press.
  • Hill, C. O., and Rosado Haddock, G. E., 2000. Husserl or Frege? Meaning, Objectivity, and Mathematics. Open Court, 2000.
  • Mohanty, J. N. Edmund Husserl's Theory of Meaning. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1982.
  • Mohanty, J. N. Husserl and Frege. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1982.
  • Mohanty, J. N. "Husserl and Frege: A New Look at Their Relationship." Research in Phenomenology. 4. 1974: 51-62.
  • Natanson, Maurice,1973. Edmund Husserl: Philosopher of Infinite Tasks. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 0-8101-0425-3
  • Rollinger, R. D., 1999. Husserl’s Position in the School of Brentano Phaenomenologica 150. Kluwer. ISBN 0-7923-5684-5
  • Schuhmann, K., 1977. Husserl – Chronik (Denk- und Lebensweg Edmund Husserls). Number I in Husserliana Dokumente. Martinus Nijhoff. ISBN 90-247-1972-0
  • Simons, Peter, 1987. Parts: A Study in Ontology. Oxford Uni. Press.
  • Smith, B. and Woodruff Smith, D., eds., 1995. The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge Uni. Press. ISBN 0-521-43616-8
  • Tieszen, Richard, Mathematics, in David Smith and Barry Smith, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Husserl (Cambridge University Press, circa 2005).

Cathetan Suku[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala Njaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

Arsip Husserl[sunting | sunting sumber]

Halaman bab Husserl[sunting | sunting sumber]


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