Cluj-Napoca

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Cluj-Napoca
—  Kota  —

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Kota Harta Karun
(Rumania: oraşul comoară);[1]
(Hongaria: kincses város)[2]
Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°35′E / 46.767°N 23.583°E / 46.767; 23.583
Negara Bendera_Romania Romania
Provinsi Cluj
Wilayah metropolitan Wilayah metropolitan Cluj-Napoca
Status Ibukota provinsi
Pendirian 1213 (catatan resmi pertama)
Pamaréntahan
 • Walikota Radu Moisin (PD-L)
Wewengkon
 • Kota 179,5 km2 (693 sq mi)
 • Metro 1.537,5 km2 (5,936 sq mi)
Populasi (Perkiraan 1 Januari 2009[4])
 • Kota 306,474
 • Kapadhetan 1.771/km2 (4,590/sq mi)
 • Metro 379,705[3]
Zona wektu EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Kode pos 400xyz1
Kodhe tilpun +40 x642
Plat mobil CJ-N3
Website http://www.primariaclujnapoca.ro
Romanian inscription of a religious book: "Tiperit en Klus en Anul Domnului 1703" (Printed in Klus AD 1703).
Napoca on the Roman Dacia fragment of the 1st-4th century AD Tabula Peutingeriana (upper center)[5]
Central Park residence
The banks of the Someşul Mic River
The Roman garden within the local botanical garden
Turda Gorges (south-east of Cluj) seen from the west end
Bánffy Castle (north-east of Cluj) is currently being restored
Typical rural houses in Mănăstireni, west of Cluj.
Local council composition 2012 election:
     Social Liberal Union (12)      Democratic Liberal Party (10)      Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (4)      People's Party - Dan Diaconescu (1)
Map of Cluj-Napoca's districts (2007)
Portion of the city's centre, as viewed from Cetăţuia
St. Michael's Church, the city's largest Gothic-style church
Matthias Corvinus Alley, facing the birthplace of the eponymous King of Hungary
Eroilor Avenue, the largest and most expensive commercial street
Eroilor Avenue, the largest and most expensive commercial street
The Ursus Brewery, where a popular Romanian beer is produced
Promenade area in Unirii square, where scalpers once plied their trade
Regele Ferdinand Avenue, another large commercial street
"Claudiopolis, Coloswar vulgo Clausenburg, Transilvaniæ civitas primaria". Gravure[a] of medieval Cluj by Georg Houfnagel (1617)
The New York Palace
Cluj-Napoca in the Grand Duchy of Transylvania maps, 1769–1773. Josephinische Landesaufnahme

Cluj-Napoca (Cithakan:IPA-ro; Basa Jerman: Klausenburg; Basa Hungaria: Kolozsvár; Basa Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; basa Dacia: Napoca utawi Napuca; Cithakan:Lang-yi, Kloiznburg), umumipun dipuntepang minangka Cluj, inggih punika kota ingkang ageng kaping -4 ing Rumania,[6][4] dan ibukota Provinsi Cluj, Transilvania barat laut. Secara geografis, kota punika manggen sejauh 441 kilometer saking Bucuresti, 409 km saking Budapest lan 465 km saking Belgrade. Cluj-Napoca manggen ing lembah sungai Someşul Mic. Kota punika dipunanggep dados ibukota mboten resmi Transilvania, lan, ing taun 1790-1848 lan 1861–1867, dados ibukota Kepangeranan Agung Transilvania.

Ing 1 Januari 2009, kota punika nggadahi jumlah penduduk menika 306.474 jiwa.[4][7] Wilayah metropolitan Cluj-Napoca sendiri berpenduduk sebesar 379.705 jiwa,[8] sementara wilayah peri-urban (Rumania: zona periurbană) mencapai hingga 400.000 penduduk.[9] The new metropolitan government of Cluj-Napoca became operational in December 2008.[10] Cluj-Napoca menika salah satunggaling pusat akademik, budaya, industri lan bisnis ingkang wigati ing Rumania. Miturut majalah InformationWeek, Cluj-Napoca kaliyan cepat dados teknopolis Rumania.[11]

Kota kembar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cathetan Suku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Portretul unui oraş" (in Romanian). Clujeanul. 2007-09-21. http://old.clujeanul.ro/cotidian/nocache/articol/Time_out/Portretul_unui_oras.html. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
  2. ^ "A kincses város" (in Hungarian). UFI. 2004-12. http://www.ufi.hu/index.php?site=cikkr&c0id=167. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
  3. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. http://www.cjcluj.ro/zona-metropolitana-urbana/. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c "Populaţia stabilă la 1.01.2009" (in Romanian). INSSE. May 19, 2009. http://www.insse.ro/cms/rw/resource/populatia%20stabila%20la%201%20ianuarie%202009%20si%2018.xls?download=true. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
  5. ^ Bunbury 1879, hlm. 516.
  6. ^ "Populaţia la 1 iulie 2007 pe localităţi" (in Romanian). Institut Statistik Nasional. 2007-07-01. http://www.insse.ro/cms/rw/resource/populatia%20la%201%20iulie.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
  7. ^ "Municipiul Cluj-Napoca (data based on the 2002 census)" (in Romanian). Fundaţia Jakabffy Elemér. http://recensamant.referinte.transindex.ro/?pg=3&id=819. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
  8. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. http://www.cjcluj.ro/zona-metropolitana-urbana/. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  9. ^ "Zona Metropolitană Urbană şi Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca" (in Romanian). Cluj County Council. http://www.cjcluj.ro/zona-metropolitana-urbana/. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
  10. ^ "Asociaţia Metropolitană e “la cheie”. Mai trebuie banii" (in Romanian). Ziua de Cluj. 2009-01-09. http://www.ziuadecj.ro/action/article?ID=20381. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
  11. ^ "Romania Proving Popular As Software Outsourcing Destination". InformationWeek. 2008-02-04. http://www.informationweek.com/showArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=WRL0GCTCWCB2AQSNDLPCKHSCJUNN2JVN?articleID=206103523&queryText=cluj. Retrieved 2008-03-12.

Pranala Njaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

Logo Wikimedia Commons
Pirsani galeri bab Cluj-Napoca ing Wikimedia Commons.

Cithakan:Rumania-geo-stub

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