Thomas Traherne

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Thomas Traherne
Stained glass in the cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 615756.jpg
Salah siji saka patang Cendhéla Traherne ing Kapèl Audley, Katédral Hereford, kang digawé déning juru kagunan kaca patri aran Tom Denny
Lairu. 1636–38
Hereford, Inggris
Pati27 Sèptèmber 1674
Teddington, Middlesex, Inggris
Alma materBrasenose College, Oxford
Pakaryanpujangga, panganggit, pandhita, juru téologi
Karya kondhangCenturies of Meditations utawa Médhitasi Maabad-abad
Gagraggeguritan métafisik, médhitasi, téologi

Thomas Traherne (éja: / trəˈhɑːrn /; lair: 1636 utawa 1637; tutup yuswa: 27 Sèptèmber 1674) iku sawijining pujangga saka Inggris, lan dhèwèké iku uga pandhita, téolog, lan panulis babagan agama. Kawruhé babagan agama kang jero lan ngèlmiyah sajroning tulisan-tulisané iku kang njalarani dhèwèké misuwur. Mula saka iku saben tanggal 27 Sèptèmber (tanggal tutup yuswané) ajeg dipèngeti déning sapérangan Komuni Anglikan.

Babad urip lan pawiyatan[besut | besut sumber]

Lair lan wektu pambaptisané Traherne ora dicathet ing cathetané paroki.[1] Miturut pakar budaya kuna Anthony à Wood (1632-1695), Traherne iku sawijining "anaké tukang sepatu saka Hereford" kang lair ing taun 1636 utawa 1637.[2] Ana sumber kang medharaké manawa Thomas iku anaké Philipp Traherne (1568-1645), ya iku sawijining juragan kang nduwèni papan panginepan lan tau dadi wali kutha Hereford, kalawan bojo angka teluné ya iku Mary Lane.

Traherne sekolah ing Hereford Cathedral School, nuli ing tanggal 2 April 1652 dhèwèké njupuk matrikulasi ing Brasenose College, Oxford lan nampa gelar sarjana mudha ing 13 Oktober 1656. Limang taun sabanjuré ya iku ing tanggal 6 November 1661, dhèwèké dipromosèkaké ing tingkat Master of Arts lan nampa gelar Bachelor of Divinity (B.D.) ing tanggal 11 Dhésèmber 1669.

Ngabdi ing gréja[besut | besut sumber]

Sawisé nampa gelar sarjana mudha saka Oxford ing taun 1656, banjur dhèwèké nampa papréntahan suci. Ing 30 Dhésèmber 1657, dhèwèké diangkat dadi réktor Credenhill ing saceraké Hereford, déning Commissioners for the Approbation of Public Preachers. Sanajan mangkono, dhèwèké dudu imam kang ditahbisaké. Cathetan aèng kang nyartani cathetan kapinijèné mratélakaké manawa Traherne miandelaké patron Ambella, Countess Dowager of Kent. Traherne ngayahi wajib ing papan iki sasuwéné sepuluh taun.

Sawisé réstorasi monarki lan baliné Charles II, Traherne ditahbisaké minangka imam ing tanggal 20 Oktober 1660 déning Uskup Oxford asma Robert Skinner, ana ing Launton saceraké Bicester. Ing taun 1667, Traherne pandhita pribadiné Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Baronet, of Great Lever, the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal to King Charles II, at Teddington (near Hampton Court) in Middlesex. Nalikané mapan ing kono, Traherne tutup yuswa ing tanggal 27 Sèptèmber 1674, nuli ing tanggal 10 Oktober 1674 jasadé dipetak ing Gréja St. Mary Teddington, prenahé ana sangisoré méja wacan gréja.

Watak lan cara urip[besut | besut sumber]

Traherne misuwur minangka salah sawijining priya kang salèh, tansah sigap gembira.

Karya lan publikasi[besut | besut sumber]

Kababar nalika jaman uripé Traherne[besut | besut sumber]

  • 1673: Roman Forgeries, Or, A True Account of False Records Discovering the Impostures and Counterfeit Antiquities of the Church of Rome (London: Printed by S. & B. Griffin for Jonathan Edwin, 1673).
  • 1675: Christian Ethicks: Or, Divine Morality. Opening the Way to Blessedness, By the Rules of Vertue and Reason (London: Printed for Jonathan Edwin, 1675).
  • 1699: A Serious and Pathetical Contemplation of the Mercies of God, In Several Most Devout and Sublime Thanksgivings for the same (London: Printed for Samuel Keble, 1699).
  • 1717: Meditations on the Creation, in A Collection of Meditations and Devotions, in Three Parts. (London: Published by Nathaniel Spinkes. Printed for D. Midwinter, 1717).

Kompilasi lan édhisi sawisé[besut | besut sumber]

  • 1903: Traherne, Thomas (1903). Dobell, Bertram (ed.). The Poetical Works of Thomas Traherne 1636?–1674. London: Dobell.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) A second edition appeared in 1906.
  • 1905: Traherne, Thomas; Vaughn, Thomas; Norris, John (1905). Selected poems by Thomas Traherne, English verse-remains by Thomas Vaughan, selected poems by John Norris. Hull: J.R.Tutin.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • 1908: Traherne, Thomas (1908). Dobell, Bertram (ed.). Centuries of Meditations. London: Dobell.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • 1910: Traherne's Poems of Felicity (edited by H. I. Bell) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910).
  • 1932: The Poetical Works of Thomas Traherne, faithfully reprinted from the Author's Original Manuscript, together with Poems of Felicity, reprinted from the Burney manuscript, and Poems from Various Sources (edited by Gladys I. Wade) (London: P. J. & A. E. Dobell, 1932).
  • 1941: A Serious and Pathetical Contemplation of the Mercies of God, In Several most Devout and Sublime Thanksgivings for the same (edited by Roy Daniells) (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1941).
  • 1958: Centuries, Poems, and Thanksgivings 2 volumes (edited by H. M. Margoliouth) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958).
  • 1966: Meditations on the Six Days of the Creation (edited by George Robert Guffey) (Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, 1966).
  • 1966: Poems, Centuries, and Three Thanksgivings (edited by Anne Ridler) (London: Oxford University Press, 1966).
  • 1968: Christian Ethicks (edited by Carol L. Marks and Guffey) (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968).
  • 1989: Commentaries of Heaven: The Poems (edited by D. D. C. Chambers) (Salzburg: Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik Universitat Salzburg, 1989). ISBN 9780773405844
  • 2005–2017: Traherne, Thomas. Ross, Jan (ed.). The Works of Thomas Traherne. In nine volumes. Melton, Suffolk, UK: D.S.Brewer. ISBN 9781843840473.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
    • Volume I: Inducements to Retirednes, A Sober View of Dr Twisses his Considerations, Seeds of Eternity or the Nature of the Soul, The Kingdom of God (2005). ISBN 9781843840374
    • Volume II: Commentaries of Heaven, part 1: Abhorrence to Alone (2007) ISBN 9781843841357
    • Volume III: Commentaries of Heaven, part 2: Al-Sufficient to Bastard (2007) ISBN 9781843841364
    • Volume IV: Church's Year-Book, A Serious and Pathetical Contemplation of the Mercies of GOD, [Meditations on the Six Days of the Creation] (2009) ISBN 9781843841968
    • Volume V: Centuries of Meditations and Select Meditations (2013) ISBN 9781843843276
    • Volume VI: Verse: from the Dobell Folio, Poems of Felicity, The Ceremonial Law
    • Volume VII: Roman Forgeries, Christian Ethicks: or, Divine Morality (not yet published)
    • Volume. VIII: Commentary and Index (not yet published)
    • Volume IX: Notebooks (not yet published)
  • Traherne, Thomas (2014). Ross, Jan (ed.). The Works of Thomas Traherne. Volume 6 Poems from the Dobell Folio, Poems of Felicity, The Ceremonial Law, Poems from the Early Notebook. Boydell & Brewer.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Pertalan[besut | besut sumber]

  • Poèmes de la Félicté, trans. Jean Wahl, Éditions du Seuil, Paris 1951;[3] some originally appeared in the magazine Mésures in April 1936[4]
  • Les Centuries, trans. Magali Jullien, Arfuyen, 2011
  • Robert Jones' "That Cross is a Tree set on fire with invisible flame" (Das Kreuz ist ein flammender Baum), a setting for full choir and organ which draws its text from three of Thomas Traherne’s Centuries; a German translation provided by Meik Impekoven. Published: Dr. J. Butz, Bonn, 2015.[5]

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. Purslow, Vera E. (1984). Centuries of Traherne Families. Bk. 6, County of Gloucester. [Place of publication not identified]: V.E. Purslow. ISBN 0-9506812-5-3. OCLC 851736231.
  2. Wood, Anthony à (1813). Athenae Oxonienses.An exact history of all the writers and bishops who have had their education in the University of Oxford. To which are added the Fasti, or Annals of the said University, (A new ed., with additions, and a continuation by Philip Bliss. ed.). London,.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  3. Wotld Catalogue
  4. The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, Volume 1 (1974), column 1235
  5. Score with words in English and German