Synapsida

Saka Wikipédia Jawa, bauwarna mardika basa Jawa
Menyang navigasi Menyang panggolèkan

Synapsida
Kalamangsa: PennsylvanianHolosen, 312–0 Ma
Klasifikasi ngèlmiah e
Karajan: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Superklas: Tetrapoda
Klad: Reptiliomorpha
Klad: Amniota
Klad: Synapsida


Osborn, 1903

Subkelompok
Sinonim

Theropsida Seeley, 1895[3]


Synapsida ('fused arch'), utawa theropsida ('rai kéwan'), kelas sato kéwan sing kalebu mamalia lan saliyané amniota urip liyané.[4] Anggota non-mamalia karan reptil mèmper mamalia sajeroning sistematika klasik,[5][6] nanging karan "mamalia batang" utawa "proto-mammalia" sajeroning terminologi cladistic.

Taksonomi[besut | besut sumber]

Classification[besut | besut sumber]

Filogeni[besut | besut sumber]

Synapsida


Caseasauria


Eupelycosauria


Varanopseidae




Ophiacodontidae




Edaphosauridae


Sphenacodontia


Sphenacodontidae


Therapsida

Biarmosuchia


Eotitanosuchus



Eutherapsida


Dinocephalia


Neotherapsida


Anomodontia


Theriodontia


Gorgonopsia


Eutheriodontia


Therocephalia


Cynodontia



Dvinia



Procynosuchidae



Epicynodontia


Thrinaxodon


Eucynodontia



Cynognathus


Probainognathia



Trithelodontidae



Chiniquodontidae





Prozostrodon


Mammaliaformes


Mammalia



















Cathetan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. David S. Berman (2013). "Diadectomorphs, amniotes or not?". New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. 60: 22–35.
  2. Jozef Klembara; Miroslav Hain; Marcello Ruta; David S. Berman; Stephanie E. Pierce; Amy C. Henrici (2019). "Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group". Palaeontology. 63: 131–154. doi:10.1111/pala.12448.
  3. Seeley, Harry Govier (1895). "Researches on the Structure, Organisation, and Classification of the Fossil Reptilia. Part X. On the Complete Skeleton of an Anomodont Reptile (Aristodesmus rutimeyeri, Wiedersheim), from the Bunter Sandstone of Reihen, near Basel, Giving New Evidence of the Relation of the Anomodontia to the Monotremata". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 59: 167–169. doi:10.1098/rspl.1895.0070.
  4. Laurin and Reisz 2007.
  5. Carroll 1988: 397.
  6. Benton 2005: 122.

Réferènsi[besut | besut sumber]

Wacan[besut | besut sumber]

Uga delengen[besut | besut sumber]

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]