David Ben-Gurion

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David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן
David BG.jpg
Ben-Gurion pada 19 Januari 1949(1949-01-19) (umur 62)
Perdana Menteri Israel
Linggih
17 Mei 1948 – 26 Januari 1954
PrésidhènChaim Weizmann
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi
Kang sadurungéKantor Baru
Kang sawiséMoshe Sharett
Linggih
3 November 1955 – 26 Juni 1963
PrésidhènYitzhak Ben-Zvi
Zalman Shazar
Kang sadurungéMoshe Sharett
Kang sawiséLevi Eshkol
Ketua Dewan Negara Sementara Israel
Linggih
14 Mei 1948 – 16 Mei 1948
Kang sadurungéKantor baru
Kang sawiséChaim Weizmann
Menteri Pertahanan
Linggih
14 Mei 1948 – 26 Januari 1954
MahamantriSendiri
Kang sadurungéKantor Baru
Kang sawiséPinhas Lavon
Linggih
21 Februari 1955 – 26 Juni 1963
MahamantriMoshe Sharett
Sendiri
Kang sadurungéPinhas Lavon
Kang sawiséLevi Eshkol
Rerincèn dhiri
LairDavid Grün
(1886-10-16)16 Oktober 1886
Płońsk, Konggres Polandia
Pati1 Dhésèmber 1973(1973-12-01) (umur 87)
Tel HaShomer, Israel
Parté pulitikMapai, Rafi, Daftar Nasional
SisihanPaula Ben-Gurion
Anak3
AgamaAteisme Yahudi[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
Tandha tangan

David Ben-Gurion (lair ing Plonks, Ruslan, 16 Oktober 1886) ya iku salah sawijining pendiri Israèl saka Ruslan.[8] Dhèwèké putra saka adpokat kang aktif ing gerakan Zionisme.

Lelakon urip[besut | besut sumber]

Ben-Gurion, jeneng asli kulawargané Guren, lair ing Plonks, Ruslan (saiki Polen). Ben-Gurion gawé kumpulan nom-noman Zionis ing umur 14 taun. Ing taun 1906 Ben-Gurion menyang Palèstina lan nyambut gawé ing lahan thani pemukiman Yahudi. Dhèwèké dadi thani aktif ing kelompok sosialis-Zionis.

Ing taun 1910 dhèwèké ninggalaké thani lan dadi pangowah ing pawarta tukang Zionis basa Yahudi, Achdut. Wiwit iku dhèwèké nganggo jeneng kulawarga Ben-Gurion, kang artine ''putra singo enom". Ben-Gurion diusir saka Palèstina karo pemerèntah Turki amarga kègiyatan nasionalis lan sosialis. Sak banjure dhèwèké pindah ing New York, Amérika Sarékat;sinau basa Inggris lan aktif ing kègiyatan sosialis-Zionis lokal.

Ben-Gurion kacathet dadi sèkretaris jendral Histadrut (1921), kumpulan para tukang Yahudi, kang asliné bangsa tanpa nagara. Ing 1930, dhèwèké gawé Mapai, partai buruh Zionis.

Kapustakan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. Zev Chafets (2008). A Match Made in Heaven: American Jews, Christian Zionists, and One Man's Exploration of the Weird and Wonderful Judeo-Evangelical Alliance. HarperCollins. kc. 37. ISBN 9780060890599. Dibukak ing 12 September 2012. “To be a realist here, you have to believe in miracles,” David Ben-Gurion once remarked. He didn't believe that literally, of course; he was an atheist. But he insisted that his offi- cials and generals take Old Testament names.
  2. Tariq Ali (2003). The Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads and Modernity (édhisi ka-2). Verso. kc. 10. ISBN 9781859844571. Dibukak ing 12 September 2012. Ben-Gurion and Moshe Dayan were self-proclaimed atheists.
  3. Giulio Meotti (2011). A New Shoah: The Untold Story of Israel's Victims of Terrorism. ReadHowYouWant.com. kc. 147. ISBN 9781459617414. Even atheist and socialist Israelis like David Ben-Gurion, Moshe Dayan, and Golda Meir were marked by the stories and legends of King David and the prophets. In other words, their lives had been shaped by Hebron. {{cite book}}: |access-date= requires |url= (pitulung)
  4. Karen Armstrong (1997). Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths. Random House Digital, Inc. kc. 369. ISBN 9780345391681. Even a committed atheist like Ben-Gurion found its sacred position on his own emotional map more compelling than the demographic and historical facts that were staring him in the face. {{cite book}}: |access-date= requires |url= (pitulung)
  5. Jonathan B. Isacoff (2006). "2". Writing the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Pragmatism And Historical Inquiry. Lexington Books. kc. 54. ISBN 9780739112731. Dibukak ing 19 September 2012. David Ben-Gurion makes an especially fascinating study as a spokesman for Jewish messianic teleology in that by most accounts he was a secular atheist.
  6. Eyal Chowers (2012). The Political Philosophy of Zionism: Trading Jewish Words for a Hebraic Land. Cambridge University Press. kc. 124. ISBN 9781107005945. David Ben-Gurion (1886–1973), the first prime minister of Israel and its foremost politician in the age...Though an atheist, he saw the Bible as the most important source for shaping the new Hebrew's identity... {{cite book}}: |access-date= requires |url= (pitulung)
  7. Israel Shahak (1994). Jewish History, Jewish Religion: The Weight of Three Thousand Years. Pluto Press. kc. 8. ISBN 9780745308197. Dibukak ing 19 September 2012. In 1956 I eagerly swallowed all of Ben-Gurion's political and military reasons for Israel initiating the Suez War, until he (in spite of being an atheist, proud of his disregard of the commandments of Jewish religion) pronounced in the Knesset on the third day of that war, that the real reason for it is 'the restoration of the kingdom of David and Solomon' to its Biblical borders.
  8. Susanto, Ready (2004). 100 Tokoh Abad ke-20 Paling Berpengaruh. Bandung: Nuansa. kc. 135. ISBN 9799481414.