Pratélaning pirangon

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Pratélan pirangon Mesir kuna, saka periode awal sadurungé 3000 SM tekan akir dinasti Ptolemeus nalika Mesir dadi salah sawijining provinsi Roma ing sangisoré pamaréntahan Augustus Caesar taun 30 SM ana ing ngisor iki. Tanggal-tanggal sing katulisaké iku perkiraan.

Periode kuna[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti awal: Mesir hilir[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Tiu  ?
Thesh  ?
Hsekiu  ?
Wazner c. 3100 SM?

Dinasti awal: Mesir hulu[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Serket I c. 3200 SM?
Iry-Hor c. 3150 SM?
Ka c. 3100 SM
King Scorpion c. 3100 SM
Narmer c. 3100 SM

Dinasti sepisanan[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Menes  ?
Hor-Aha c. 3050 SM
Djer 41 taun
Merneith
Djet 23 taun
Den 14 tekan 20 taun
Anedjib 10 taun
Semerkhet 9 taun
Qa'a 2916?–2890

Dinasti kapindho[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Hotepsekhemwy 2890–?
Raneb 39 taun
Nynetjer 40 taun
Wneg 8 taun
Senedj 20 taun
Seth-Peribsen 17 taun
Sekhemib-Perenmaat  ?
Khasekhemwy  ?–2686 SM 17 tekan 18 taun

Karajan tuwa[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti katelu[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Sanakhte 2686-2668
Djoser 2668–2649
Sekhemkhet 2649–2643
Khaba 2643–2637
Huni 2637–2613

Dinasti kapapat[besut | besut sumber]

Nomen (Praenomen) Katerangan Taun
Sneferu 2613–2589
Khufu 2589–2566
Djedefra (Radjedef) 2566–2558
Khafra 2558–2532
Menkaura 2532–2503
Shepseskaf 2503–2498

Dinasti kalima[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Userkaf 2498–2491
Sahure 2487–2477
Neferirkare Kakai 2477–2467
Shepseskare Isi 2467–2460
Neferefre 2460–2453
Nyuserre Ini 2453–2422
Menkauhor Kaiu 2422–2414
Djedkare Isesi 2414–2375
Unas 2375–2345

Dinasti kaenem[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Teti 2345–2333
Userkare 2333–2332
Pepi I Meryre 2332–2283
Merenre Nemtyemsaf I 2283–2278
Pepi II Neferkare 2278–2184
Merenre Nemtyemsaf II 2184
Nitiqret 2184–2181

Mangsa pertengahan sepisanan[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti kapitu lan kawolu (digabung)[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Neferkara I -
Neferkara Nebi -
Djedkara Shemai -
Neferkara Khendu -
Neferkamin Seneferka -
Nikara -
Neferkara Tereru -
Neferkahor -
Neferkara Pepyseneb -
Neferkamin Anu -
Qakare Ibi -
Neferkara II -
Neferkawhor Khuwihap -
Neferirkara -

Dinasti kasanga[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Meryibre Khety (Achthoes I)
2160– ?
Meribre Khety II
 ?
Neferkare III
 ?
Nebkaure (Acthoes II)
 ?
Setut
 ?
Wakhare Khety I
 ?
Merykare
 ?
Wankhare Khety II
 ?
Menethoupe I
 ?
Wankhare Khety III
 ?
Khety II
 ?
Khety II's daughter
 ?
Merikare's daughter
 ? –2130

Dinasti kasepuluh[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Meryhathor 2130– ?
Neferkare IV  ?
Wankare (Acthoes III)  ?
Merykare  ?
 ? –2040

Dinasti kasewelas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Intef I 2134–2117
Intef II 2117–2069
Intef III 2069–2060
Nebhetepre Mentuhotep I 2060–2010
Sankhkare Mentuhotep II 2010–1998
Nebtawyre Mentuhotep III 1997–1991

Karajan tengah[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti karolas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Amenemhat I 1991–1962
Senusret I (Sesostris I) 1971–1926
Amenemhat II 1929–1895
Senusret II (Sesostris II) 1897–1878
Senusret III (Sesostris III) 1878–1860
Amenemhat III 1860–1815
Amenemhat IV 1815–1807
Sobekneferu pirangon wanita 1807–1803

Mangsa pertengahan kapindho[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti katelulas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep utawa Wegaf 1803–1799 4 taun
Sekhemkare
Amenemhat 1795–1792
Sehetepre  ? –1790
Iufni  ?
Seankhibre  ?
Semenkare  ?
Sehetepre  ?
Sewadjkare  ?
Nedjemibre 7 wulan  ?
Sobekhotep I  ?
Renseneb 4 wulan c. 1775
Hor c. 1775
Sedjefakare c. 5 tekan 7 taun.
Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep c. 1767
Khendjer Minimum 4 taun 3 wulan c. 1765
Imyremeshaw  ?
Antef V  ?
Sobekhotep III 4 taun 2 wulan c. 1755
Neferhotep I 11 taun 1751–1740
Sobekhotep IV 10 utawa 11 taun 1740–1730
Sobekhotep V c. 1730
Wahibre Ibiau 10 taun 8 wulan c. 1725–1714
Merneferre Ai 23 taun 8 wulan c. 1714–1691
Merhetepre Ini 2 taun 2 wulan  ?
Seankhenre Sewadtjew  ?
Mersekhemre Ined  ?
Sewadjkare Hori  ?

Dinasti kapatbelas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Nehesy
c. 1705
Khakherewre ?
 ?
Nebefawre
c. 1704
Sehebre ?
 ?
Merdjefare
c. 1699
Sewadjkare ?
 ?
Nebdjefare
c. 1694
Webenre ?
 ?
 ?
 ?
—djefare ?
 ?
—webenre
c. 1690

Dinasti kalimalas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Sheshi 1674-?
Yakubher
 ?
Khyan
30-40 taun
Apepi I
40 taun utawa luwih
Khamudy
 ?-1535

Dinasti kaenembelas[besut | besut sumber]

Nomen (Praenomen) Keterangan Taun
Djehuty (Sekhemresementawy) 3 taun
Sobekhotep VIII (Sekhemresewosertawy) 16 taun
Neferhotep III (Sekhemresankhtawy) 1 taun
Mentuhotepi (Sankhenra) 1 taun
Nebiryraw I (Sewadjenra) 26 taun
Nebiryraw II 3 wulan?
– (Semenra) 1 taun?
Bebiankh (Sewoserenra) 12 taun
– (Sekhemreshedwaset) 3 wulan?

Dinasti kapitulas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Rahotep Sekhemrewahkhaw
1650-?
Intef V the Elder
3 taun
Antef VI Sekhemrewepmaat
 ?
Antef VII Nubkheperre
Intef VIII Sekhemreherhermaat
Sobekemsaf II Sekhemrewadjkhaw
Thuty
1 taun
Mentuhotep VI
1 taun
Nebiryerawet I
6 taun
Nebiryerawet II
 ?
Semenmedjatre
 ?
Seuserenre
12 taun
Shedwast
 ?
Intef VII
3 taun utawa luwih
Tao I the Elder (ie: Senakhtenre)
c. 1558
Tao II the Brave
c. 1558-1554
Kamose
1554-1549

Karajan anyar[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti kawolulas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Ahmose I, Ahmosis I
1550-1525
Amenhotep I
1525-1504
Thutmose I
1504-1492
Thutmose II
1492-1479
Thutmose III
1479-1425
Hatshepsut pirangon wanita 1473-1458
Amenhotep II
1427-1400
Thutmose IV
1400-1390
Amenhotep III
1390-1352
Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten
1352-1336
Smenkhkare
1338-1336
Tutankhamun
1336-1327
Kheperkheprure Ay
1327-1323
Horemheb mantan jendral lan penasehat Tutankhamun 1323-1295

Dinasti kasangalas[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Ramesses I
1295-1294
Seti I
1294-1279
Ramesses II the Great
1279-1213
Merneptah/Mineptah
1213-1203
Amenemses
1203-1200
Seti II
1200-1194
Merneptah Siptah
1194-1188
Twosret pirangon wanita 1188-1186

Dinasti karongpuluh[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Setnakhte
1186-1183
Ramesses III
1183-1152
Ramesses IV
1152-1146
Ramesses V
1146-1142
Ramesses VI
1142-1134
Ramesses VII
1134-1126
Ramesses VIII
1126-1124
Ramesses IX
1124-1106
Ramesses X
1106-1102
Ramesses XI
1102-1069

Mangsa pertengahan katelu[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti kaselikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Nesbanebdjed I
1069-1043
Amenemnisu
1043-1039
Psusennes I
1039-991
Amenemope
993-984
Osorkon the Elder
984-978
Siamun
978-959
Psusennes II
959-945

Dinasti karolikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Shoshenq I
945-924
Osorkon I
924-889
Shoshenq II
890-890/889
Takelot I
889-874
Harsiese
875-862
Osorkon II
874-834
Shoshenq III
834-795
Shoshenq IV
795-782
Pami
782-776
Shoshenq V
776-740
Osorkon IV
740-720

Dinasti katelulikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Takelot II
837-813
Pedubast
826-801
Iuput I
812-811
Shoshenq VI
801-795
Osorkon III
795-767
Takelot III
773-765
Rudamun
765-762
Iuput II
762-728

Libu[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Inamunnifnebu
805-795
 ?
795-780
Niumateped
780-755
Titaru
763-755
Ker
755-750
Rudamon
750-745
Ankhor
745-736
Tefnakht
736-732

Dinasti kapatlikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Tefnakhte
732-725
Bakenrenef (Bocchoris)
725-720

Mangsa akir[besut | besut sumber]

Dinasti kaselawé[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Piye
752-721
Shabaka
721-707
Shebitku
707-690
Taharqa
690-664
Tantamani
664-656

Dinasti kanemlikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Necho I
672664 SM
Psamtik I
664610 SM
Necho II
610595 SM
Psamtik II
595589 SM
Wahibre
589570 SM
Ahmose II
570526 SM
Psammetichus III
526525 SM

Dinasti kapitulikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Cambyses II
525521 SM
Smerdis Pangrampas Kuwasa
522521 SM
Darius I kang Agung
521486 SM
Xerxes Agung
486465 SM
Artabanus sang Hirkania
465464 SM
Artaxerxes I Dawa Tangané
464424 SM
Xerxes II
424423 SM
Sogdianus
424423 SM
Darius II 424404 SM

Dinasti kawolulikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Amyrtaeus - 404398 SM

Dinasti kasangalikur[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Nefaarud I
398393 SM
Psammuthes
393 SM
Hakor (Achoris)
393380 SM
Nefaarud II
380 SM

Dinasti katelungpuluh[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Nectanebo I
380362 SM
Teos saka Mesir
362360 SM
Nectanebo II
360343 SM

Dinasti katelungpuluh siji[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Artaxerxes III
343338 SM
Artaxerxes IV Arses
338336 SM
Khabbabash
338335 SM
Darius III Codomannus
336332 SM

Dinasti Argead[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Alexander Agung Macedonia nguwasani Pèrsi lan Mesir 332323 SM
Philip III Arrhidaeus - 323317 SM
Alexander IV saka Masedon
317309 SM

Dinasti Ptolemeus[besut | besut sumber]

Jeneng Keterangan Taun
Ptolemeus I Pamabuk mudhun tahta taun 285 SM; tilar donya taun 283 SM 305285 SM
Berenisius I garwané Ptolemy I  ?-285 SM
Ptolemeus II Philadelphos
288246 SM
Arsinoe I garwané Ptolemy II 284/81-ca. 274 SM
Arsinoe II garwané Ptolemeus II 277-270 SM
Ptolemeus III Euergetes I
246222 SM
Berenisius II garwané Ptolemy III 244/3-222 SM
Ptolemeus IV Filopator
222204 SM
Arsinoe III garwané Ptolemy IV 220-204 SM
Ptolemeus V Epiphanes
204180 SM
Cleopatra I garwané Ptolemeus V 193-176 SM
Ptolemeus VI Filometor tilar donya 145 SM 180164 SM
Cleopatra II garwané Ptolemy VI 173-164 SM
Ptolemeus VIII Euergetes II - 171163 SM
Ptolemeus VI Dilometor - 163-145 SM
Cleopatra II
163-127 SM
Ptolemeus VII Neos Philopator
144-145 SM
Ptolemeus VIII Euergetes II
145-131 SM
Cleopatra III garwa nomer loro Ptolemeus VIII 142-131 SM
Ptolemeus Memphitis
131 SM
Ptolemeus VIII Euergetes II
127-116 SM
Cleopatra III - 127-107 SM
Cleopatra II
124-116 SM
Ptolemeus IX Soter II tilar donya 80 SM 116110 SM
Cleopatra IV - 116-115 SM
Ptolemeus X Alexander I tilar donya 88 SM 110109 SM
Ptolemeus IX Pemabuk II
109107 SM
Ptolemeus X Alexander I
10788 SM
Ptolemy IX Pamabuk II
8881 SM
Berenisius III - 81-80 SM
Ptolemeus XI Alexander II - 80 SM
Ptolemeus XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes)
8058 SM
Cleopatra V Tryphaena garwané Ptolemeus XII, ibu Berenice IV  ?-57 SM
Cleopatra VI putri Ptolemeus XII  ?-58 SM
Berenice IV putri Ptolemy XII 5855 SM
Ptolemeus XII Neos Dionysos - 5551 SM
Cleopatra VII Cleopatra sing paling misuwur 5130 SM
Ptolemy XIII sadulur lanang Cleopatra VII 5147 SM
Arsinoe IV
48-47 SM
Ptolemeus XIV
4744 SM
Ptolemeus XV Caesarion - 4430 SM

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  • Sir Alan Gardiner Egyptian Grammar: Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs, Third Edition, Revised. London: Oxford University Press, 1964. Excursus A, pp. 71–76.

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]