Martin Luther

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Martin Luther (14831546) , punika satunggiling filsuf ugi pastur saking Wittenberg, Sachsen, Jerman ingkang gadhah kersa ngréformasi gréja Kristen Katulik. Nanging wusananipun, boten réformasi ingkang dipunangsali, piyambakipun lajeng pecah saking gréja katulik Roma. Punika ugi kasebat skhisma alit saha wiyosanipun Gréja Protèstan.

Martin Luther misuwur déning 95 dalil-dalilipun. Miturut tradhisi piyambakipun maku dluncang ingkang isi 95 dalil-dalilipun punika ing lawang Gréja ing Wittenberg. Nanging katingalipun punika namung mitos kémawon. Isining dalil-dalilipun inggih wicanten bab réformasi ing agami Kristen kala samanten.

Piyambakipun ugi mertalaken Alkitab dhumateng basa Jerman (1521-1534).

Waosan[besut | besut sumber]

  • Bainton, Roland H. Here I Stand: a Life of Martin Luther. New York: Penguin, 1995 (1950). ISBN 0-452-01146-9.
  • Bornkamm, Heinrich. Luther in Mid-Career 1521-1530. E. Theodore Bachmann, terj. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983. ISBN 0-8006-0692-2.
  • Bornkamm, Heinrich. Luther's World of Thought. Martin H. Bertram, trans. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1958. ISBN 0-7586-0832-2
  • Brecht, Martin. Martin Luther. 3 Jilid. James L. Schaaf, trans. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985-1993. ISBN 0-8006-2813-6, ISBN 0-8006-2814-4, ISBN 0-8006-2815-2.
  • Dickens, A.G. Martin Luther and the Reformation. New York: Harper & Row, 1967. ASIN: B0007DY59M.
  • Haile, H.G. Luther: An Experiment in Biography. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co., 1980. ISBN 0-385-15960-9.
  • Hillerbrand, Hans J., ed. The Reformation: A Narrative History Related by Contemporary Observers and Participants. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1979. ISBN 0-8010-4185-6.
  • Iserloh, Erwin, The Theses Were Not Posted: Luther Between Reform and Reformation. Jared Wicks, terj. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1968.
  • Kittelson, James M. Luther the Reformer: The Story of the Man and His Career. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1986. ISBN 0-8066-2240-7.
  • Kolb, Robert. Martin Luther As Prophet, Teacher, Hero: Images of the Reformer, 1520-1620. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 2000. ISBN 0-8010-2214-2.
  • Luther, Martin. Christian Cyclopedia. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2000. [1]
  • Luther, Martin. Luther's Works. 55 Jilid. Berbagai penerjemah. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1957. Edisi CD-ROM, 2001.
  • MacCulloch, Diarmaid. The Reformation, 2003
  • Manns, Peter. Martin Luther: An Illustrated Biography. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 1982. ISBN 0-8245-0510-7
  • Marty, Martin. Martin Luther: A Penguin Life. New York: Penguin, 2004. ISBN 0-670-03272-7
  • Nohl, Frederick. Luther: Biography of a Reformer. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2003. ISBN 0-7586-0651-6
  • Oberman, Heiko A. Luther: Man Between God and the Devil. New York: Doubleday, 1989. ISBN 0-385-42278-4
  • Oberman, Heiko A. The Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Age of Renaissance and Reformation. James I. Porter, trans. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984. ISBN 0-8006-0709-0
  • Plass, Ewald M. This Is Luther: A Character Study. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1948 [Reprint, 1984]. ISBN 0-570-03942-8.
  • Ritter, Gerhard Luther, his Life and Work, terj. dari basa Jerman ke dalam basa Inggris olèh John Riches, New York : Harper & Row, 1963.
  • Schwiebert, E.G. Luther and His Times. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1950. ISBN 0-570-03246-6.
  • Siemon-Netto, Uwe. The Fabricated Luther: the Rise and Fall of the Shirer myth. Pengantar: Peter L. Berger. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1995. ISBN 0-570-04800-1.
  • Siemon-Netto, Uwe. "Luther and the Jews." Lutheran Witness 123 (2004) No. 4:16-19. [2]
  • Tjernagel, Neelak S. Martin Luther and the Jewish People. Milwaukee: Northwestern Publishing House, 1985. ISBN 0-8100-0213-2
  • Todd, John M. Luther: A Life. New York: Crossroad Publishing Company, 1982. ISBN 0-8245-0479-8 (Juga di [3])
  • Westerholm, Stephen Israel's Law and the Church's Faith. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1988. ISBN 0-8028-0288-5

Filmografi[besut | besut sumber]

  • 1953: Martin Luther, filem teater, dengan Niall MacGinnis sebagai Luther; disutradarai Irving Pichel. Mendapat nominasi Academy Award untuk filem ireng-putih dan arahan seni/setting. Diedarkan kembali padha 2002 dalam DVD dengan 4 basa.
  • 1974: Luther, filem teater (MPAA peringkat: PG), dengan Stacy Keach sebagai Luther.
  • 1981: Where Luther Walked, dokumenter menampilkan Roland Bainton (alm.) sebagai pemandu dan narator, disutradarai olèh Ray Christensen (dalam VHS taun 1992), ISBN 1-56364-012-0
  • 1983: Martin Luther: Heretic, program TV dengan Jonathan Pryce sebagai Luther, disutradarai olèh Norman Stone.
  • 1983: Martin Luther: An Eye on Augsburg, filem yang didanai olèh Distrik Illinois Utara dari LCMS dengan Pdt. Robert Clausen sebagai Luther.
  • 2001: Opening the Door to Luther, travelog dengan tuan rumah Rick Steves. Disponsori olèh ELCA.
  • 2002: Martin Luther, filem sajarah dari Lion TV/PBS seri Empires, dengan Timothy West sebagai Luther, narasi olèh Liam Neeson dan sutradara olèh Cassian Harrison.
  • 2003: Luther, (peringkat MPAA: PG-13), dengan Joseph Fiennes sebagai Luther dan disutradarai olèh Eric Till. Didanai sapérangan olèh kelompok Lutheran Amérika dan Jerman.

Ugi pirsani[besut | besut sumber]

Catatan suku[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ Brecht, vol. 1, p. 48
  2. ^ Johann Von Staupitz at Catholic Encyclopedia
  3. ^ Brecht, vol. 1, p. 93
  4. ^ Brecht, vol. 1, pp. 126–27; Luther's Works, vol. 10, pp. 1–2
  5. ^ Brecht, vol. 1, p. 182
  6. ^ Brecht, vol. 1, p. 200
  7. ^ An Open Letter to The Christian Nobility of the German Nation Concerning the Reform of the Christian Estate, 1520 Part 1 Part 2
  8. ^ Bainton, pp. 142–44
  9. ^ Letter 99.13, To Philipp Melanchthon
  10. ^ Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod. Martin Luther. Q&A
  11. ^ The Protestant Inquisition. "Reformation" Intolerance and Persecution by Dave Armstrong
  12. ^ cf. Brecht, vol. 3, pp. 369–79
  13. ^ The Last Written Words of Luther
  14. ^ Paul Johnson: A History of the Jews, 1987. p. 242
  15. ^ Siemon-Netto, Uwe. "Luther and the Jews." Lutheran Witness 123 (2004)No. 4:19.
  16. ^ Martin Luther, "On the Jews and Their Lies," Trans. Martin H. Bertram, in Luther's Works (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971), 268-271.
  17. ^ Johnson, 242.
  18. ^ Russell Briese, "Martin Luther and the Jews," Lutheran Forum 34 (2000) no. 2:30.
  19. ^ Egil Grislis, "Martin Luther and the Jews," Consensus 27(2001) No. 1:64.

Pranala njawi[besut | besut sumber]

Tèks asli[besut | besut sumber]

Writings of Luther and contemporaries, translated into English

Sumber-sumber Online[besut | besut sumber]

Online information on Luther and his work

Wikipedia
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