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Jebakan iwak tradisional, Hà Tây, Vietnam .

Jebakan iwak minangka jebakan sing digunakake kanggo mancing. Trap iwak bisa awujud iwak mancing utawa jebakan lobster . Sawetara jaring mancing uga diarani jebakan iwak, kayata jaring fyke.

Jebakan khas kontemporer kalebu pigura kawat baja sing kandel kanthi bentuk jantung, kanthi kawat pitik diapit . Bolong ngubengi pigura banjur taper menyang njero jebakan. Nalika iwak nglangi ing njero lawang iki, ora bisa metu, amarga bolongan kawat pitik bali dadi sempit. Jebakan welut kontemporer macem-macem wujud lan ukurane digawe akeh bahan. Ing jaman biyen, jebakan digawe saka kayu lan serat.


Jinis lan cara[besut | besut sumber]

Cara nggawe jebakan iwak gumantung karo kahanan lokal lan tumindake iwak lokal. Contone, jebakan iwak bisa uga dilebokake ing banyu cethek ing sacedhake watu sing pikes kaya ngapusi. Yen diselehake kanthi bener, jebakan bisa dadi efektif banget. Biasane ora prelu mriksa jebakan saben dina, amarga iwak tetep urip isih ana ing njero jebakan kasebut, mula ora lara. Amarga iku, jebakan kasebut uga ngidini ngeculake iwak cilik miturut peraturan mancing.Ing sisih kidul Italia, sajrone abad kaping 17, teknik nelayan anyar wiwit digunakake. Trabucco minangka mesin nelayan lawas sing khas ing pesisir Gargano sing dilindhungi minangka monumen sejarah dening Taman Nasional homonim. Jebakan raksasa iki, dibangun ing kayu struktural, sumebar ing sadawane pesisir Adriatik kidul utamane ing provinsi Foggia, ing sawetara wilayah ing pesisir Abruzzese lan uga ing sawetara wilayah pesisir Laut Tyrrhenian kidul.

Type Name Image Description
Portable traps

usually in the shape

of a pot or bottle
Atlantic cod pot NOR Cod Pot - Phillip Meintzer - Aug 2016.jpg In 2017 research was reported on the suitability of using baited fishing pots for catching Atlantic cod. Stocks of this once popular commercial fish appear to be recovering after a major fishery collapse. The use of appropriately designed pots can have less environmental impact than other fishing strategies, but to be practical they need to catch their targets both efficiently and selectively.[1]
Basic bottle trap うけ瓶の使い方02.png Bottle traps are also known as pot traps. This type of trap is portable, and is used to catch small fish and other small aquatic animals. It consists of a container shaped somewhat like a bottle, usually with an inverted funnel at the entrance. It can be constructed from a plastic bottle, or a glass jar or earthenware pot, or woven with wire or flax. The trap is lowered into the water on a line, where it is left either at the bottom, or suspended at some depth beneath the surface. Bait is usually, but not always used to lure the prey inside. Variants of this basic trap have been used from early times in countries around the world.
Crab trap Catching crabs.jpg Different types of crab traps are used depending on regional preferences, the type of crab targeted and the underwater topography. Typically, they are constructed as wire cages, as shown in the image.
Eel trap Myles Birket Foster The Eel Traps.jpg Traditionally, eel traps were widespread, and have been invented independently around the world. The New Zealand Māori wove intricate eel pots they called Cithakan:Visible anchor from the stems of climbing plants. At their best, these were works of art.[2]
Fyke net Fuiken.jpg A fyke net is made from a bag-shaped net held open by hoops. These can be linked together in long chains, and are used to catch eels in rivers. Fyke nets equipped with wings and leaders are used in sheltered places in lakes where there is plenty of plant life. Hundreds of these nets can be connected into systems where it is not practical to build large fixed structures.
Katiska trap Katiskaa kokemassa.jpg A katiska is a portable fish trap used in Finland. It is a lightweight and made from chicken wire. The trap can either be collapsible or rigid, and is easily placed at any depth since it needs no anchoring. Katiska are commonly used in hobby fishing, since they catch only a small number of fish. The photo shows a fisherman checking a katiska.
Lobster pot Lobster pots at Beer, Devon.JPG A lobster pot is a portable trap used to trap lobsters or crayfish. An opening permits the lobster to enter a tunnel of netting. Lobster pots are usually constructed in two parts from wire and wood. The lobster enters the first part, called the "chamber" or "kitchen", where there is bait. It then moves into the "parlour", where it is trapped. Lobster pots can hold several lobsters. They are usually dropped to the sea floor about a dozen at a time, and are marked by a buoy so they can be picked up later.
Octopus trap 蛸壺(明石)P5231862.JPG In Japan, the Mediterranean, and other regions, an ancient variant is used to catch octopuses. They are usually heavy earthenware pots, and do not have an inverted funnel. These traps are left on the sea floor for days at a time. Octopuses enter and remain inside, using the pot as shelter and protection. No bait is used. When the pot is raised, the octopus will not normally try to escape. See also ja:蛸壺.
Soda bottle

or glass jar

trap
Fish traps in Haikou -.pile of prepared traps.jpg In Haikou, China, local people make bottle traps with small, glass jars. Local craftspeople produce a variant made from a two-litre soda bottle. This type has an inverted funnel made by cutting off the top of the bottle a few centimetres down the neck, and making vertical cuts downward. This produces tabs which are then be pushed inward, producing the inverted funnel shape. A stone is attached to the side of the bottle, and several meters of line are provided. Numerous holes are drilled through the bottle to allow water to enter and escape. These are sold by the seaside for 6 yuan, along with a small bag of flour for bait.
Stickleback trap Stickleback trap.jpg The stickleback trap is a variant of the soda bottle trap.
Fixed

and semi-fixed

structures
Almadraba La pesca del tonno, acquaforte di Jean-Pierre Houël.jpg Almadraba is an ancient Andalusian way of catching tuna. It is an elaborate way of setting nets in a maze that leads to a central killing pool. In Sicily the mazes of nets, and also the places where the nets are set are called Tonnara, and the overall method of capturing the fishes is called Mattanza. This takes place during spring and the beginning of summer when tuna tend to go into the Mediterranean.
Double-heart<br id="mw6Q"><br>of stacked stones Double-Heart of Stacked Stones 20150721.jpg The Double-heart of stacked stones is a stone weir located on the north side of Cimei, an island in the Penghu archipelago to the west of Taiwan. It is a well-preserved ancient fish trap made by stacking stones to form a trap that resembles a flying heart.[3]
Fishing weir Fish Trap BKG.png A fishing weir is an obstruction placed in tidal waters or wholly or partially across a river, which is designed to hinder the passage of fish. Traditionally they were built from wood or stones. Fish such as salmon can be trapped when they attempt to swim upstream, other fish such as eels can be trapped when they attempt to migrate downstream. As fish traps, fishing weirs date back to the Bronze Age in Sweden and to Roman times in the UK. They were used by native North Americans and early settlers to catch fish for trade and to feed their communities.
Fish wheel Wooden Fish Wheel.jpg A fish wheel is a device for catching fish which operates much as a water-powered mill wheel. A wheel complete with baskets and paddles is attached to a floating dock. The wheel rotates due to the current of the stream it is placed into. The baskets on the wheel capture fish traveling upstream. The fish caught in the baskets fall into a holding tank. When the holding tank is full, the fish are removed.
Putcher Putchers.jpg Putcher traps are ancient traps used for catching salmon. They are peculiar to the River Severn in Great Britain. A putcher is a conical-shaped basket about five feet long. A number of putchers are tied together in rows standing four or five feet high to form a "rank". The rank is set against the incoming or outgoing tide. Traditionally putchers were made of hazel rods with willow plait. More modern baskets can use steel or aluminium wire.[4]
Trabucco Trabucco Rodi Garganico.jpg A trabucco is a shore-operated lift net, a platform anchored to rocks by large logs of Aleppo pine. Two or more long wooden arms jut out into the sea, where they suspend a narrow-meshed net some feet above the water. They are found along the coast of Gargano, where they are protected as historical monuments. Another variant is found along the coasts of Abruzzo and Molise, where they are installed in shallower waters, and use a platform which runs parallel to the coast instead of jutting out into the water.
Wagenya trap Wagenya Rapids.JPG The Wagenya people, in the Congo, build a huge system of wooden tripods across the river. These tripods are anchored on the holes naturally carved in the rock by the water current. To these tripods are anchored large baskets, which are lowered in the rapids to "sieve" the waters for fish. The baskets are designed and sized to trap only large fish. The Wagenya lift the baskets twice daily to check for fish, which are retrieved by swimmers.
  1. Meintzer, Phillip; Walsh, Philip; Favaro, Brett (2017-02-08). "Will you swim into my parlour? In situ observations of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) interactions with baited pots, with implications for gear design". PeerJ (ing basa Inggris). 5: e2953. doi:10.7717/peerj.2953. ISSN 2167-8359. PMC 5301977. PMID 28194312.
  2. Keane, Basil (2009) Te hopu tuna – eeling - Hīnaki – eel pots Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Updated 1 March 2009, retrieved 22 May 2012.
  3. "A Passage to Penghu". Taipei Times. 2004-10-07. Dibukak ing 2008-02-15.
  4. Putcher Use in the Severn Estuary