Topi yaiku salah sawijininng sandhangan sing digunakaké ing sirah. Topi biyasanè nduweni pucuk dhuwur saktepi utawa rong tepi. Topi bisa disèlèhke ing sirah.Topi wadon dilengkapi penyemat topi.
Sajarah[sunting | Owah sumber]
Topi asalè saka Chitral dan Gilgit daérah sing saiki ana ing lor Pakistan. Saka popularitas suku-suku Pashtun Utara ing awal abad rongpuluh dadi gantinè sorban sing gedhé lan ruwet. Uga olèh popularitas saka Nuristan lan Tajik saka Panjsher lan Badakhshan.
Jinis-jinis Topi[sunting | Owah sumber]
Ana sepuluh jinis topi sing populèr ing dunya, yaiku :
- Topi Base ball
Topi jenis iki mulai populèr ing abad 20, dipopulèrké déning olahraga baseball.
- Topi Koboi
Topi Koboi populèr ing [Indonesia]]. Topi jinis iki dienggo amarga bisa nglindungi sirah saka panas lan udan.
- Topi Fedora
Jinis topi ini populèr amarga kemampuané nglindungi sirah saka angin lanhawa kang ora apik. Topi jinis iki biasane dienggo karo gangsters lan detèktif.
- Top Hat
Jinis topi iki awale dipopulerakè presiden Amerika Abraham Lincoln. Topi iki biyasa dienggo karo tukang sulap kanggo ngumpetaké terwelu.
Topi iki asale saka Meksiko.
Biyasa dienggo dening pemain Point Blank lan para sutradara. Topi iki uga topi nasional nagari Prancis.
- Gatsby (Newsboy Cap)
Topi jinis iki populèr ing abad 19 lan awal abad 20. Topi iki biyasa dienggo dening pemain golf.
Topi jInis iki idèntik karo topi sing elegan. Biyasané dienggo dening pengacara, pegawai bank, utawa kepala pelayan.
Biyasa digunakaké yèn cuaca lagi anget.
Topi jinis iki yaiku topi simbol rélaksasi.
Jinis[sunting | Owah sumber]
||Kaca punika dèrèng utawi nembé dipunjarwakaken sapérangan saking basa Inggris.
Mangga mbiyantu Wikipedia . Pirsani paugeran njarwakaken ing Wikipedia.
|Topi Ascot||Topi kang rata lan ndhuweni wujud bunder|
|Akubra||Topi kang asalé saka Australia uga ndhuweni ciri pinggiré kang omba.|
|Ayam||A Korean traditional winter cap mostly worn by women in the Joseon period from 1392 – 1910.|
|Balaclava||A form of headgear covering the whole head, exposing only the face or upper part of it, and sometimes only the eyes. Also known as a ski mask.|
|Balmoral bonnet||Traditional Scottish bonnet or cap worn with Scottish Highland dress.|
|Barretina||A traditional style, in red it is now used as a symbol of Catalan identity. It is worn with the top flopping down.|
|Baseball cap||A type of soft cap with a long, stiffened and curved peak.|
|Beanie||A brimless cap with or without a small visor once popular among school boys. Sometimes includes a propeller.
In Canada, New Zealand, Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, the term "beanie" may also be applied to a knit cap known as a tuque, see below.
|Bearskin||The tall, furry, full dress uniform hat of the Brigade of Guards designed to protect the footguards against sword-cuts, commonly seen at Buckingham Palace.|
|Beaver hat||Hats made of felted beaver fur.|
|Beret||Soft round cap, usually of wool felt, with a flat crown, worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with France. Also used in the military.|
|Bicorne||Military hat with two corners, also known as a cocked hat.|
|Biretta||A square cap with three or four ridges or peaks worn by Roman Catholic clergy and some Anglican and Lutheran clergy.|
|Boater||Flat-brimmed and flat-topped straw hat, formerly worn by seamen, and now mostly at summer regattas or garden parties, often with a ribbon in club or college colors.|
|Boonie hat||A soft cotton wide-brim hat commonly used by militaries. Similar to a bucket hat.|
|Boss of the plains||A lightweight all-weather hat designed by John B. Stetson for the demands of the American west.|
|Bowler / Derby||A hard felt hat with a rounded crown created in 1850 by Lock's of St James's, the hatters to Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, for his servants. Sometimes known as a derby hat.|
|Bucket hat||A soft cotton hat with a wide, downwards-sloping brim.|
|Busby||A small fur military hat.|
|Campaign hat||A broad-brimmed felt or straw hat, with a high crown, pinched symmetrically at the four corners (the "Montana crease").|
|Capotain||A hat worn from the 1590s through the 1640s in England and Northwestern Europe. It is also commonly called a Pilgrim hat.|
|Casquette||A small-peaked cap often worn by cyclists.|
|Caubeen||An Irish beret.|
|Chilote cap||A woven cap typical of Chiloé Archipelago made of coarse raw wool, usually with a pom-pom at the top.|
|Chullo||Peruvian or Bolivian hat with ear-flaps made from vicuña, alpaca, llama or sheep's wool.|
|Chupalla||Straw hat made in Chile.|
|Cloche hat||Popular bell-shaped ladies hat of the 1920s.|
|Cricket cap||A type of soft cap that is a traditional form of headwear for players of the game of cricket.|
|Cordobés||Flat-brimmed and flat-topped traditional hat originating from Córdoba, Spain, associated with Flamenco and popularized by characters such as the fictional Zorro.|
|Conical Asian hat||Simple straw hat associated with East and Southeast Asia.|
|Coonskin cap||Hat fashioned from the skin and fur of a raccoon that became associated with American and Canadian frontiersmen of the 18th and 19th centuries.|
|Cowboy hat||High-crowned, wide-brimmed hat, with a sweatband on the inside, and a decorative hat band on the outside. Customized by creasing the crown and rolling the brim.|
|Custodian helmet||Police helmet worn by British constables while on foot patrol.|
|Deerstalker||Warm close-fitting tweed cap designed for hunting in the wet and windy Scottish climate, with brims in front and behind, and ear flaps which can be tied together either over the crown or under the chin; closely associated with Sherlock Holmes.|
|Dunce cap||A hat that was used to punish and humiliate students in school during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is shaped like a cone and often has a big capital 'D' inscribed on the front.|
|Fascinator||A small hat commonly made with feathers, flowers and/or beads. It attaches to the hair by a comb, headband or clip.|
|Fedora||A soft felt hat with a lengthwise crease.|
|Fez||Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone.|
|Flat cap||A soft, round men's cap with a small brim in front.|
|Gat||A traditional Korean hat worn by men.|
|Gatsby||A soft brimmed hat popular in New York after the turn of the century made from eight quarter panels. Also known as a newsboy cap.|
|Garrison or Forage cap||A foldable cloth cap with straight sides and a creased or hollow crown.|
|Gaung Paung||Headwrap worn by the Bamar, Mon people, Rakhine and Shan peoples.|
|Ghutrah||Three piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities..|
|Glengarry||A traditional Scottish boat-shaped hat without a peak made of thick-milled woollen material with a toorie on top, a rosette cockade on the left, and (usually) ribbons hanging down behind. It is normally worn as part of Scottish military or civilian Highland dress.|
|Hard hat||A helmet predominantly used in workplace environments, such as construction sites, to protect the head from injury by falling objects, debris and bad weather.|
|Hardee hat||Also known as the 1858 Dress Hat. Regulation hat for Union soldiers during the American Civil War.|
|Homburg||A semi-formal hat with a crease and no dents.|
|Jaapi||A traditional hat of Assam, India. There both plain and decorative japies are Available.|
|100px||Karakul (Qaraqul)||A hat made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep, typically worn by men in Central and South Asia and popular among Soviet leaders.|
|Kepi||A French military hat with a flat, circular top and visor.|
|Kippah or Yarmulke||A small close-fitting skullcap worn by religious Jews.|
|Kolpik||Brown fur hat worn by Hassidic Jews.|
|Kofia||Brimless cylindrical cap with a flat crown, worn by men in East Africa.|
|Kova tembel||Cloth hat worn by Israeli pioneers and kibbutzniks.|
|Kufi||A brimless, short, rounded cap worn by Africans and people throughout the African diaspora.|
|Montera||A crocheted hat worn by bullfighters.|
|Mortarboard||Flat, square hat with a tassel worn as part of academic dress.|
|100px||Mother of the Bride Hat||A large yet lightweight lady's hat with a wide-brim worn regularly in pre-victorian era Britain, and now mostly at garden parties and weddings.|
|Pakul||Round, rolled wool hat with a flat top, common in Pakistan and Afghanistan.|
|Panama||Straw hat made in Ecuador.|
|Patrol cap||Also known as a field cap,a scout cap, or in the United States a mosh cap.; a soft cap with a stiff, rounded visor, and flat top, worn by military personnel in the field when a combat helmet is not required.|
|Peaked cap||A military style cap with a crown, band and peak (also called a visor). It is used by many militaries of the world as well as law enforcement, as well as some people in service professions who wear uniforms.|
|Phrygian Cap||A soft conical cap pulled forward. In sculpture, paintings and caricatures it represents freedom and the pursuit of liberty. The popular cartoon characters The Smurfs wear white Phrygian caps.|
|Pith Helmet||A lightweight cloth-covered helmet made of cork or pith.|
|Porkpie||Circular, flat topped hat.|
|Rastacap||A tall, round, usually crocheted and brightly colored, cap worn by Rastafarians and others with dreadlocks to tuck their locks away.|
|Sami hat||Also known as a "Four Winds" hat, traditional men's hat of the Sami people.|
|Šajkača||Serbian national hat.|
|Salakot||A traditional hat in the Philippines.|
|Santa Hat||A floppy pointed red hat trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas.|
|Shako||A tall cylindrical military cap, usually with a visor, badge, and plume.|
|Shtreimel||A fur hat worn by married Hassidic men on Shabbat and holidays.|
|Slouch||Generic term covering wide-brimmed felt-crowned hats often worn by military leaders.|
|Sombrero||A Mexican hat with a conical crown and a saucer-shaped brim, highly embroidered made of plush felt.|
|Songkok||A cap widely worn in Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, the southern Philippines and southern Thailand, mostly among Muslim males. May be related to the taqiyah.|
|Student cap||A cap worn by university students in various European countries.|
|Tam o' Shanter||A Scottish wool hat originally worn by men.|
|Taqiyah||A round fabric cap worn by Muslim men.|
|Top hat||A tall, flat-crowned, cylindrical hat worn by men in the 19th and early 20th centuries, now worn only with morning dress or evening dress.|
|Toque||A tall, pleated, brimless, cylindrical hat traditionally worn by chefs.|
|Trilby||A soft felt men's hat with a deeply indented crown and a narrow brim often upturned at the back.|
|Tricorne||A soft hat with a broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape.|
|Trucker hat||Similar to a baseball cap, usually with a foam brim and front section and a breathable mesh back section.|
|Tubeteika||A round, slightly pointed cap with embroidered or applique patterns worn throughout Central Asia.|
|100px||Tudor bonnet||A soft round black academic cap, with a tassel hanging from a cord attached to the centre of the top of the hat.|
|Tuque||A knitted hat, worn in winter, usually made from wool or acrylic. Also known as a ski cap, knit hat, knit cap, sock cap, stocking cap, toboggan, watch cap, or goobalini.
In New Zealand, Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, the term "beanie" is applied to this cap.
|Turban||A headdress consisting of a scarf-like single piece of cloth wound around either the head itself or an inner hat.|
|Tyrolean hat||A felt hat originating from the Alps.|
|Ushanka||Russian fur hat with fold down ear flaps.|
|Vueltiao||A Colombian hat of woven and sewn black and khaki dried palm braids with indigenous figures.|
|Zucchetto||Skullcap worn by clerics.|
Cathetan suku[sunting | Owah sumber]
- Hats UK - Hat Bible and other resources
- Produksi berbagai jenis topi
- Big hat tape measure for people with big heads
- "caubeen". Oxford University Press. http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/caubeen.
- Klinkenborg, Verlyn (2009-02-03). "Season of the chullo". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 2009-01-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20090130103519/http://www.iht.com/articles/2009/01/23/opinion/edverlyn.1-414278.php. Diwiwiti 2011-07-02.
- Snyder, Jeffrey B. (1997) Stetson Hats and the John B. Stetson Company 1865-1970.p5 ISBN 0-7643-0211-6