Ras Kaukasoid

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"Ras Kaukasoid"[1] tau kanggo nuduhake fenotipe umum saka akèh-akèhé penghuni Éropah, Afrika Utara, Timur Tengah, Pakistan lan India Utara.[2] Keturunanne uga netep ing Australia, Amérika Utara, separo manèh saka Amérika Selatan, Afrika Selatan, lan Selandia Baru. Anggota "ras Kaukasoid" padhatan sinebut "kulit putih", sanajan mau ora mesti bener. Déning sapérangan nimpuna tuladhané wong Ethiopia lan wong Somalia, kang tengkorake memper tengkorak Kaukasoid, dianggep kalebu "ras" mau, sanajan rambute brintik lan kulike ireng, ciri kang dianggep nemtokake "ras Negroid".

Pakar genetika asal Itali Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza wis mbuktekake yèn bagi manungsa ing sajeroning ras minangka sawijining usaha kang siya-siya. Mulane saka segi biologi, istilah kaya ta "ras Kaukasoid" lan racaké, "ras manungsa", ora dianggep manèh. Fenotipe sawijining wong ditemtokake déning mung sapérangan gen. Kanthi biologis, mung ana siji ras manungsa, ya iku Homo sapiens sapiens.

Cathetan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. For a contrast with the "Mongolic" or Mongoloid race, see footnote #4 of page 58–59 in Beckwith, Christopher. (2009). Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13589-2.
  2. The Races of Europe by Carlton Stevens Coon. From Chapter XI: The Mediterranean World - Introduction: "This third racial zone stretches from Spain across the Straits of Gibraltar to Morocco, and thence along the southern Mediterranean shores into Arabia, East Africa, Mesopotamia, and the Persian highlands; and across Afghanistan into India."

Uga delengen[besut | besut sumber]

Réferènsi[besut | besut sumber]

Literatur[besut | besut sumber]

  • Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, On the Natural Varieties of Mankind (1775) — the book that introduced the concept
  • Gould, Stephen Jay (1981). The mismeasure of man. New York: Norton. ISBN 0-393-01489-4.  — a history of the pseudoscience of race, skull measurements, and IQ inheritability
  • Piazza, Alberto; Cavalli-Sforza, L. L.; Menozzi, Paolo (1996). The history and geography of human genes. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02905-9.  — a major reference of modern population genetics
  • Cavalli-Sforza, LL (2000). Genes, peoples and languages. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0-7139-9486-X. 
  • Augstein, HF (1999). "From the Land of the Bible to the Caucasus and Beyond". In Harris, Bernard; Ernst, Waltraud. Race, science and medicine, 1700–1960. New York: Routledge. kk. 58–79. ISBN 0-415-18152-6. 
  • Baum, Bruce (2006). The rise and fall of the Caucasian race: a political history of racial identity. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-9892-6. 
  • Guthrie, Paul (1999). The Making of the Whiteman: From the Original Man to the Whiteman. Chicago, IL: Research Associates School Times. ISBN 0-948390-49-2. 
  • Wolf, Eric R.; Cole, John N. (1999). The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21681-4. 

Pranala njaba[besut | besut sumber]

Cithakan:Rasmanusia


Cithakan:Manungsa-stub