Royal jéli

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Larva ratu sing tuwuh dikepung karo jeli kraton

Royal jelly minangka sekresi lebah madu sing digunakake kanggo nutrisi larva, uga ratu diwasa. [1] Iki disekresi saka kelenjar ing hypopharynx saka lebah perawat, lan diwenehake menyang kabeh larva ing koloni, tanpa preduli jinis utawa kasta.

Sajrone proses nggawe ratu anyar, para buruh nggawe sel ratu khusus. Larva ing sel kasebut diwenehi panganan jeli kraton sing akeh banget. Jenis panganan iki nyebabake pangembangan morfologi ratu, kalebu ovarium sing wis dikembangake kanthi lengkap kanggo endhog.

[2] Iki minangka obat alternatif sing kalebu ing kategori apitherapy . Royal jelly dikoleksi lan didol minangka suplemen panganan kanggo manungsa, nanging Otoritas Keamanan Panganan Eropa wis nyimpulake yen bukti saiki ora ndhukung pratelan yen ngonsumsi jeli kraton bakal menehi mupangat kesehatan kanggo manungsa. [3] Ing Amerika Serikat, Administrasi Pangan lan Obat wis njupuk tindakan legal marang perusahaan sing nggunakake klaim tunjangan kesehatan tanpa dhasar kanggo pasar produk jeli kraton.

[4] [5] Panliten ngandhakake yen jeli kraton bisa nambah produksi kolagen, [6] vasodilasi, [7] nyuda efek sindrom pramenstruasi, [8] lan minangka perawatan postmenopausal ing manungsa, [9] lan tumrap penyakit Alzheimer ing kewan.

[10]

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. Jung-Hoffmann, L (1966). "Die Determination von Königin und Arbeiterin der Honigbiene". Z Bienenforsch. 8: 296–322.
  2. Maleszka, Ryszard (27 October 2014). "Epigenetic integration of environmental and genomic signals in honey bees: the critical interplay of nutritional, brain and reproductive networks". Epigenetics. 3 (4): 188–192. doi:10.4161/epi.3.4.6697. PMID 18719401.
  3. "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to: anthocyanidins and proanthocyanidins (ID 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791); sodium alginate and ulva (ID 1873); vitamins, minerals, trace elements and standardised ginseng G115 extract (ID". EFSA Journal. 9 (4): 2083. April 2011. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2083.
  4. "Federal Government Seizes Dozens of Misbranded Drug Products: FDA warned company about making medical claims for bee-derived products". Food and Drug Administration. Apr 5, 2010.
  5. "Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations: Beehive Botanicals, Inc". Food and Drug Administration. March 2, 2007.
  6. Park, Hye Min; Hwang, Eunson; Lee, Kwang Gill; Han, Sang-Mi; Cho, Yunhi; Kim, Sun Yeou (September 2011). "Royal Jelly Protects Against Ultraviolet B–Induced Photoaging in Human Skin Fibroblasts via Enhancing Collagen Production". Journal of Medicinal Food. 14 (9): 899–906. doi:10.1089/jmf.2010.1363. PMID 21812645.
  7. Siavash, Mansour; Shokri, Saeideh; Haghighi, Sepehr; Shahtalebi, Mohammad Ali; Farajzadehgan, Ziba (April 2015). "The efficacy of topical royal jelly on healing of diabetic foot ulcers: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial". International Wound Journal. 12 (2): 137–142. doi:10.1111/iwj.12063. PMID 23566071.
  8. Taavoni, Simin; Barkhordari, Fatemeh; Goushegir, Ashrafeddin; Haghani, Hamid (1 August 2014). "Effect of Royal Jelly on premenstrual syndrome among Iranian medical sciences students: A randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled study". Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 22 (4): 601–606. doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2014.05.004. PMID 25146061.
  9. Seyyedi, Fatemeh (2016). "Comparison of the Effects of Vaginal Royal Jelly and Vaginal Estrogen on Quality of Life, Sexual and Urinary Function in Postmenopausal Women". Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 10 (5): QC01-5. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2016/17844.7715. PMC 4948482. PMID 27437306.
  10. Reisi, Parham; Pilehvarian, AliAsghar; Zamani, Zohre; Alaei, Hojjatallah (2012). "Effect of Royal Jelly on spatial learning and memory in rat model of streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer′s disease". Advanced Biomedical Research. 1 (1): 26. doi:10.4103/2277-9175.98150. PMC 3507025. PMID 23210085.