Raymond Firth

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Sir Raymond Firth
Professor Sir Raymond Firth, c1965.jpg
Lair (1901-03-25)25 Maret 1901
Auckland, Niu Sélan
Pati 22 Fèbruari 2002(2002-02-22) (umur 100)
London, Inggris
Karièr ngèlmiah
Babagan Etnologi
Juru pamrayoga Bronisław Malinowski
Mahasiswa dhoktoral Edmund Leach

Raymond Firth iku antropolog utawa étnolog saka Niu Sélan. Sanadyan iku, Firth kalebu kelompok antropolog kang nganut madahab antropologi sosial saka Inggris. Amarga iku ana sebutan British Social Anthropologists, aran iki gambaran aliran ing antropologi, dudu sawiji nagara asal.[1] Kabéh ahli antropologi ing aliran iku ngutamaké banget tradisi kerja lapangan (field work) kanggo neliti kaya déné Malinowski lan Radcliffe-Brown. Conto sing Firth ya iku dhèwéké ngasilaké karya étnografi kang apik, We, The Tikopea (1935) lan Malay Fishermen (1946).[1][2] Firth nganggep ing masarakat lan kabudayan kang dadi obyek panalitèn kuwi minangka dadi siji kang dumadi saka unsur-unsur kang siji lan liyané ana sambung raketé. Firth lan aliran antropologi sosial Inggris nganggo konsép social structure minangka dhasar panalitèn. Uga neliti ing wewengkon jajahan Inggris kaya déné Afrika, Melanesia, Polinésia lan Afrika Kidul. Panemuné Firth, kayadèné antropologi sosial iku micro-sociology.[2] Tegesé ngèlmu antropologi iku tujuané mangerteni dhasar masarakat manungsa kang bisa diéntukaké saka nganalisa masarakat kang kurang kompléks, antara liyané kanggo nganalisa masarakat kang kompléks kaya ing kutha-kutha gedhé[1].

Karya-karya[besut | besut sumber]

  • 'The Korekore Pa' Journal of the Polynesian Society 34:1–18 (1925)
  • 'The Māori Carver' Journal of the Polynesian Society 34:277–291 (1925)
  • Primitive Economics of the New Zealand Māori. London: George Routledge and Sons (1929) (with a preface by R.H. Tawney)
  • We the Tikopia: A Sociological Study of Kinship in Primitive Polynesia London: Allen and Unwin (1936)
  • Human Types: An Introduction to Social Anthropology (1958)
  • Primitive Polynesian Economy. London: Routledge & Sons, Ltd . (1939)
  • The Work of the Gods in Tikopia Melbourne: Melbourne University Press (1940, 1967)
  • 'The Coastal People of Kelantan and Trengganu, Malaya' Geographical Journal 101(5/6):193-205 (1943)
  • Pacific Islands Volume 2: Eastern Pacific. (ed, with J W Davidson and Margaret Davies), Naval Intelligence Division Geographical Handbook Series, HMSO (November 1943)
  • Pacific Islands Volume 3: Western Pacific. (Tonga to the Solomon Islands) (ed, with J W Davidson and Margaret Davies), Naval Intelligence Division Geographical Handbook Series, HMSO (December 1944)
  • Pacific Islands Volume 4: Western Pacific. (New Guinea and Islands Northwards) (ed, with J W Davidson and Margaret Davies), Naval Intelligence Division Geographical Handbook Series, HMSO (August 1945)
  • Pacific Islands Volume 1: General Survey. (ed, with J W Davidson and Margaret Davies), Naval Intelligence Division Geographical Handbook Series, HMSO (August 1945)
  • Malay Fishermen: Their Peasant Economy. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner (1946)
  • Elements of Social Organization. London: Watts and Co (1951)
  • 'Social Organization and Social Change' Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 84:1–20 (1954)
  • 'Some Principles of Social Organization' Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 85:1–18 (1955)
  • Man and Culture: An Evaluation of the Work of Malinowski Raymond Firth (ed) (1957)
  • Economics of the New Zealand Māori Wellington: Government Printer (1959) (revised edition of Primitive Economics of the New Zealand Māori (1929))
  • Social Change in Tikopia (1959)
  • Essays on Social Organization and Values. London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology, no. 28. London: Athlone Press (1964)
  • Tikopia Ritual and Belief (1967)
  • 'Themes in Economic Anthropology: A General Comment' in Themes in Economic Anthropology Raymond Firth, ed. 1–28. London: Tavistock (1967)
  • Rank and Religion in Tikopia (1970)
  • History and Traditions of Tikopia (1971)
  • Symbols: Public and Private (1973)
  • 'The Sceptical Anthropologist, Social Anthropology and Marxist Views on Society' in Marxist Analyses and Social Anthropology M. Bloch, ed. 29–60. London: Malaby (1975)
  • 'An Appraisal of Modern Social Anthropology' Annual Review of Anthropology 4:1–25 (1975)
  • 'Whose Frame of Reference? One Anthropologist's Experience' Anthropological Forum 4(2):9–31 (1977)
  • 'Roles of Women and Men in a Sea Fishing Economy: Tikopia Compared with Kelantan' in The Fishing Culture of the World: Studies in Ethnology, Cultural Ecology and FolkloreBéla Gunda (ed) Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó 1145-1170 (1984)
  • Taranga Fakatikopia ma Taranga Fakainglisi: Tikopia-English Dictionary (1985)
  • Tikopia Songs: Poetic and Musical Art of a Polynesian People of the Solomon Islands. Cambridge University Press. 1990 & 2006. 
  • Religion: A Humanist Interpretation (1996)
  • 'Tikopia Dreams: Personal Images of Social Reality' Journal of the Polynesian Society 110(1):7–29 (2001)
  • 'The Creative Contribution of Indigenous People to Their Ethnography' Journal of the Polynesian Society 110(3):241–245 (2001)

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. a b c Koentjaraningrat (1964). Tokoh-tokoh Antropologi. Jakarta: Penerbitan Universitas. kk. 68–71. 
  2. a b Gaillard, Gérald (2004). The Routledge Dictionary of Anthropologists. London: Routledge. k. 143. ISBN 0-203-49900-X.