Perang Vendée

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Perang Vendée
Péranganing Perang Koalisi Kapisan
GuerreVendée 1.jpg
Henri de La Rochejaquelein ing Pertempuran Cholet ing taun 1793 karya Paul-Émile Boutigny
TitimangsaMaret 1793 – Maret 1796
PernahPrancis bagean kulon: Maine-et-Loire, Vendée, Loire-Atlantique, Deux-Sèvres (utawa bekas provinsi saka Anjou, Poitou, Brittany)
Asil

Kemenangan Republik Prancis

  • Pambantaian penduduk Vende
Péhak kang perang
Prancis Republik Prancis Drapeau Armée Catholique et Royale de Vendée3.svg Vende
Didukung dening:
 Great Britain
Pangarep
Prancis Jean Baptiste Camille Canclaux
Prancis Armand Louis de GontautCithakan:Executed
Prancis Jean Antoine Rossignol
Prancis François Séverin Marceau
Prancis Jean-Baptiste Kléber
Prancis François Joseph Westermann
Prancis Jean Baptiste Carrier
Prancis René François Lecomte-
Prancis Jean Léchelle-
Prancis Louis Marie Turreau
Prancis Thomas-Alexandre Dumas
Prancis Lazare Hoche
Prancis Pierre Augereau
Kerajaan Perancis Jacques Cathelineau-
Kerajaan Perancis Maurice d'ElbéeCithakan:Executed
Kerajaan Perancis Charles de Bonchamps-
Kerajaan Perancis Louis Marie de Lescure-
Kerajaan Perancis Henri de la Rochejaquelein-
Kerajaan Perancis Francois de CharetteCithakan:Executed
Kerajaan Perancis Jean-Nicolas StoffletCithakan:Executed
Kerajaan Perancis Charles de Beaumont d'Autichamp
Kerajaan Perancis Charles Aimé de Royrand-
Kerajaan Perancis Georges Cadoudal
Kakuwatan
130,000–150,000[1] 80,000
Kurban
~30.000 tentara tiwas[1][2] Beberapa puluh ribu tiwas
Penduduk Vendee: ~170.000 militer lan wong sipil tiwas[1][3]

total ~200.000 mati[4]

Perang Vendée (1793; Prancis: Guerre de Vendée) yaiku kontra-revolusi ing wilayah Vendée, Prancis ing wektu Revolusi Prancis. Vendée menika wilayah pasisir, sing ana ing kidul Kali Loire, Prancis Kulon. Awale, perang kasebut padha karo pemberontakan petani Jacquerie abad ka-14, nanging kanthi cepet ngangkat persoalan-persoalan sing disebabke dening pamrentahan Jacobin ing Paris karo kontra-revolusioner lan Royalis. Pemberontakan kasebut dikepalai dening Tentara Katulik lan Kerajaan sing mentas kawangun karo Chouannerie, sing njupuk panggonan ing lor Loire.

Referensi[besut | besut sumber]

  1. a b c Jacques Hussenet (dir.), « Détruisez la Vendée ! » Regards croisés sur les victimes et destructions de la guerre de Vendée, La Roche-sur-Yon, Centre vendéen de recherches historiques, 2007
  2. Jacques Dupâquier et A.Laclau, Pertes militaires, 1792–1830, in Atlas de la Révolution française, Paris 1992, p. 30.
  3. Jean-Clément Martin, La Terreur, part maudite de la Révolution, coll. Découvertes Gallimard (n° 566), 2010, p.82
  4. Jean-Clément Martin (dir.), Dictionnaire de la Contre-Révolution, Perrin, 2011, p.504.

Wacaan tambahan[besut | besut sumber]

  • Anchel, Robert (1911). "Vendée, Wars of the" . Ing Chisholm, Hugh (èd.). Encyclopædia Britannica (ing basa Inggris). Vol. 27 (édhisi ka-11). Cambridge University Press. kc. 980–981.
  • Debord, Guy Panegyric Verso; (1991) ISBN 0-86091-347-3
  • Davies, Norman Europe: A History Oxford University Press; (1996)
  • Markoff, John. "The social geography of rural revolt at the beginning of the French Revolution." American Sociological Review (1985) 50#6 pp. 761–781 in JSTOR
  • Markoff, John. "Peasant Grievances and Peasant Insurrection: France in 1789," Journal of Modern History (1990) 62#3 pp. 445–476 in JSTOR
  • Secher, Reynald A French Genocide: The Vendée (Univ. of Notre Dame Press; 2003) ISBN 0-268-02865-6
  • Tackett, Timothy. "The West in France in 1789: The Religious Factor in the Origins of the Counterrevolution," Journal of Modern History (1982) 54#4 pp. 715–745 in JSTOR
  • Tilly, Charles. The Vendée: A Sociological Analysis of the Counter-Revolution of 1793 (1964)

Historiografi[besut | besut sumber]

  • Censer, Jack R. "Historians Revisit the Terror—Again." Journal of Social History 48#2 (2014): 383–403.
  • Mitchell, Harvey. "The Vendée and Counterrevolution: A Review Essay," French Historical Studies (1968) 5#4 pp. 405–429 in JSTOR

Ing basa Prancis[besut | besut sumber]

  • Fournier, Elie Turreau et les colonnes infernales, ou, L'échec de la violence A. Michel; (1985) ISBN 2-226-02524-3