Sitrus

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Sitrus
Mandarin Orange (Citrus reticulata cultivar)
Klasifikasi èlmiah
krajan: Plantae
divisio: Magnoliophyta
kelas: Magnoliopsida
Subkelas: Rosidae
ordo: Sapindales
kulawarga: Rutaceae
Subkulawarga: Aurantioideae
Suku: Citreae
Genus: Citrus
Linnaeus
Species and hybrids

Important species:
Citrus aurantifoliaKey lime
Citrus maximaPomelo
Citrus medicaCitron
Citrus reticulataMandarin orange


Important hybrids:
Citrus × aurantiumBitter orange
Citrus × latifoliaPersian lime
Citrus × limonLemon
Citrus × limoniaRangpur
Citrus × paradisiGrapefruit
Citrus × sinensisSweet orange
Citrus × tangerinaTangerine
See also below for other species and hybrids.

Sinonim

Eremocitrus
Microcitrus
pirsani tèks

Sweetie or Oroblanco is a pomelo-grapefruit hybrid.
The Etrog, or Citron, is central to the ritual of the Jewish Sukkot festival. Many varieties are used for this purpose (including the Yemenite variety pictured).
Clementines (Citrus × clementina) have thinner skins than oranges.
Mikan (Citrus × unshiu), also known as satsumas.
Sweet oranges (Citrus × sinensis) are used in many foods. Their ancestors were probably pomelos and mandarin oranges.
A batch of kaffir limes (Citrus × hystrix).
Lemons (Citrus × limon).

Sitrus (Basa Inggris: Citrus) iku jeneng umum tumrap tetanduran ngembang saka kulawarga rutaceae. Citrus dipercaya asal saka Asia Kidul-wétan yakuwi ing tlatah sing diwatesi India, Myanmar (Burma) lan provinsi Yunnan ing China.[1][2][3] Wit woh-wohan citrus wis dibudidaya ing ngendi-endi wiwit jaman kuna; conto sing paling paling dikenal yakuwi jeruk utawa basa Inggris: orange, lemon, grapefruit lan limau (basa Inggris: lime). Jeneng sitrus asal saka basa Latin, ngarujuk marang tanduran sing saiki dikenal minangka Citron (C. medica). Tembung iki asal saka tembung basa Yunani kuna kεδρος (kedros).

Jinis lan kultivar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Citrus maxima-based

  • Amanatsu, natsumikan – Citrus × natsudaidai (C. maxima × unknown)
  • Cam sành (C. reticulata × C. × sinensis)
  • GrapefruitCitrus × paradisi (C. maxima × C. × sinensis)
  • Imperial Lemon (C. × limon × C. × paradisi)
  • Kinnow (C. × nobilis × C. × deliciosa)
  • Kiyomi (C. sinensis × C. × unshiu)
  • Minneola Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. × paradisi)
  • Orangelo, Chironja (C. × paradisi × C. × sinensis)
  • Oroblanco, Sweetie (C. maxima × C. × paradisi)
  • Sweet OrangeCitrus × sinensis (probably C. maxima × C. × reticulata)
  • TangeloCitrus × tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. × paradisi)
  • TangorCitrus × nobilis (C. reticulata × C. × sinensis)
  • Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. × paradisi)

Citrus medica-based

Citrus reticulata-based

Unresolved


Deleng uga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cathetan sikil[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Flag of Austria Austria (1961): Acclimatization of citrus fruits in the Mediterranean region. Agricultural History 35(1): 35-46.
  • Flag of Austria Austria (2003): What is Citrus? Taxonomic implications from a study of cp-DNA evolution in the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae subfamily Aurantioideae). Organisms Diversity & Evolution 3(1): 55-62. Ana loop cithakan: Cithakan:Doi
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    (HTML abstract)
  • Flag of Austria Austria (2000): Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100(8): 1155-1166. Ana loop cithakan: Cithakan:Doi
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    (HTML abstract)

33 ^ Carr, Jackie (April 22, 2010). "Five Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones". UC San Diego. http://health.ucsd.edu/news/2010/4-22-kidney-stones.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-03

Wacan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Flag of Austria Austria (2002): Origin and history. In: Flag of Austria Austria (2002): Citrus. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-28491-0
  • Flag of Austria Austria (1985): Chapter 64. Rutaceae. In: Handbook of Seed Technology for Genebanks (Volume II: Compendium of Specific Germination Information and Test Recommendations). International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy. HTML fulltext
  • Flag of Austria Austria (1991): FAO/IBPGR Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of Citrus Germplasm. FAO, IOCV, IPGRI. PDF fulltext
  • Flag of Austria Austria (1999): Descriptors for Citrus (Citrus spp.). PDF fulltext
  • Flag of Austria Austria (2005): Purdue University Tropical Horticulture Lecture 32: Citrus
  • Flag of Austria Austria (1995): RFLP analysis of cytoplasmic and nuclear genomes used for citrus taxonomy. In: Mandarines - développements scientifiques récents, résumés oraux et posters: 12-13. CIRAD-FLHOR, San Nicolao, France. HTML abstract
  • Flag of Austria Austria (2000): Citrus, Proceedings of a regional workshop on disease management of banana and citrus through the use of disease-free planting materials held in Davao City, Philippines, 14–16 October 1998. INIBAP. PDF fulltext
  • Flag of Austria Austria (2005): Orange Empire: California and the Fruits of Eden.
  • Flag of Austria Austria (1967–1989): The Citrus Industry. HTML fulltext of Vol. 1, 2, & Vol. 5, Chapter 5

1 ^ Carr, Jackie (April 22, 2010). "Five Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones". UC San Diego. http://health.ucsd.edu/news/2010/4-22-kidney-stones.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-03. 1 ^ Carr, Jackie (April 22, 2010). "Five Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones". UC San Diego. http://health.ucsd.edu/news/2010/4-22-kidney-stones.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-03.

Pranala jaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

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