Minotaurus

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Ing mitologi Yunani, Minotaur (/ˈmnətɔː/,[1] /ˈmɪnəˌtɔːr/;[2] Yunani Kuna: Μῑνώταυρος [miːnɔ̌ːtau̯ros], Latin: Minotaurus, Etruscan: Θevrumineś) iku makluk sing duwé sirah banthèng nanging awaké menungsa[3] utawa digambaraké dèning pujangga Roman Ovid, "setengah wong setengah banthèng".[4] Minotaur iku manggon ana ing tengah Labirin sing susunané kang mbingungaké[5] sing dirancang dèning arsitèk ajeneng Daedalus lan anaké lanang ajeneng Icarus, ing printahé Minos Ratu ing Crete. Pungkasané, Minotaur dipatèni dèning wara saka Athéna ajeneng Theseus.

Istilah Minotaur tumurun saka tembung Yunani kuna Μῑνώταυρος, ya iku gabungan saka jeneng Μίνως (Minos) lan tembung aran ταύρος "banthèng", kapertal dadi "Banthèng Minos". Ing Crete, Minotaur dikenal kanthi jeneng dhiri, Asterion,[6] jeneng padha karo bapak angkaté Minos. [7]

"Minotaurus" iku awalé tembung aran sing ateges jeneng makluk mitos iki. Panganggoné "minotaurus" banjur dadi tembung umum ateges anggota spèsiès jènerik makluk sirah banthèng sing dikembangaké ana ing fiksi fantasi nalika abad 20.

Cathetan[besut | besut sumber]

  1. ^ "English Dictionary: Definition of Minotaur".
  2. ^ "American English Dictionary: Definition of Minotaur".
  3. ^ "Minotaur" at dictionary.reference.com
  4. ^ semibovemque virum semivirumque bovem, according to Ovid, Ars Amatoria 2.24, one of the three lines that his friends would have deleted from his work, and one of the three that he, selecting independently, would preserve at all cost, in the apocryphal anecdote told by Albinovanus Pedo. (noted by J. S. Rusten, "Ovid, Empedocles and the Minotaur" The American Journal of Philology 103.3 (Autumn 1982, pp. 332-333) p. 332.
  5. ^ In a counter-intuitive cultural development going back at least to Cretan coins of the 4th century BC, many visual patterns representing the Labyrinth do not have dead ends like a maze; instead, a single path winds to the center.
  6. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 31. 1
  7. ^ The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women fr. 140, says of Zeus' establishment of Europa in Crete: "...he made her live with Asterion the king of the Cretans.

Rujukan[besut | besut sumber]