A-4 Skyhawk

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A-4 Skyhawk
A-4 Skyhawk.jpg
A-4 Skyhawk
 Tipe Pesawat serang
 Produsen Douglas Aircraft Corporation
 Perancang Ed Heinemann
 Pisanan mabur 22 Juni 1954
 Dikenalaké Oktober 1956
 Dipensiunaké 1976, Angkatan Laut AS
1998, Marinir AS
 Status Aktif
 Pemakai Amérika Sarékat
Akèh negara liyané
 Cacah digawé 2.960
 Rega satuan US$860.000 untuk 500 unit pertama
 Varian A-4AR Fightinghawk
TNIAU A4.JPG

A-4 Skyhawk kuwi pesawat serang sing wiwitané dirancang kanggo operasi ing dhuwur kapal indhuk Angkatan Laut Amérika Sarékat. Pesawat iki dirancang lan diproduksi déning Douglas Aircraft Corporation (sing sabanjuré dadi McDonnell Douglas) lan wiwitané diwènèhi jeneng 'A4D' miturut sistem pawèwèh jeneng proyèk ing Angkatan Laut AS pra-1962.

Sèket taun sawisé mabur perdhana pesawat tempur iki, isih ana sawetara saka gunggung mèh 3000 Skyhawk sing wis diproduksi tetep dadi tulang punggung sawetara angkatan udhara ing donya, klebu sing isih dimaburaké saka kapal indhuk.

A-4 Skyhawk lan TNI-AU[sunting | sunting sumber]

TNI-AU tau ngoperasèkaké 37 Skyhawk II tipe A-4E lan TA-4E (ex Angkatan Udhara Israel) nganti taun 2003. Sabanjuré TNI-AU ngganti nganggo Su-27SK lan Su-30MK saka Rusia.

A4D-2 Skyhawk of VA-81 on catapult of USS Forrestal (CVA-59) in 1962.jpg
A-4 CVA-63 Mar1966.jpg
A-4SU Korat 2002.jpg
A-4E VA-164 1967.JPEG
Skyhawk A4K DF-ST-85-04198.jpg
TA-4F VA-164 CVA-19.jpg
A4 lands on melbourne.jpg
A-4L VA-203 1970.jpg
A-4M VMA-322.JPEG
OA-4M MAG-32 1990.JPEG
AF1 da Marinha do Brasil 2.jpg

Operator[sunting | sunting sumber]

Flag of Argentina Argentina
Flag of Brasil Brasil
Flag of Israèl Israel
Cithakan:SGP

Bekas operator[sunting | sunting sumber]


Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Notes
Bibliografi
  • Dorr, Robert F. and Chris Bishop. Vietnam Air War Debrief. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-874023-78-6.
  • Drendel, Lou. A-4 Skyhawk in Action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1973. ISBN 0-89747-010-9.
  • Elward, Brad. McDonnell Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. Ramsbury, Wiltshire, UK: Crowood Press, 2000. ISBN 1-86126-340-6.
  • Gann, Harry S. "Douglas A-4 Skyhawk Variant Briefing: Part 1". Wings of Fame, Volume 4. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1996, pp. 98—117. ISBN 1-874023-71-9.
  • Gann, Harry S. "Douglas A-4 Skyhawk Variant Briefing: Part 2: Export Versions". Wings of Fame, Volume 5. London: Aerospace Publishing, 1996, pp. 130—145. ISBN 1-874023-90-5.
  • Grossnick, Roy A. and William J. Armstrong. United States Naval Aviation, 1910–1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Historical Center, 1997. ISBN 0-16-049124-X.
  • Hobson, Chris. Vietnam Air Losses, USAF/USN/USMC, Fixed-Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2001. ISBN 1-85780-115-6.
  • Kilduff, Peter. Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. London: Osprey Publishing, 1983. ISBN 0-85045-529-4.
  • McCarthy, Donald J. Jr. MiG Killers: A Chronology of US Air Victories in Vietnam 1965-1973. 2009. ISBN 978-1-58007-136-9.
  • Parsons, Dave and Derek Nelson. Bandits!: Pictorial History of American Adversarial Aircraft. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, 1993. ISBN 0-87938-623-1.
  • Peacock, Lindsey. A-4 Skyhawk (Osprey Combat Aircraft series). London: Osprey Publications, 1987. ISBN 0-85045-817-X.
  • Wilson, Stewart. Phantom, Hornet and Skyhawk in Australian Service. Canberra, Australia: Aerospace Publications, 1993. ISBN 1-875671-03-X.

Pranala jaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Wikimedia Commons gadhah galeri bab:
J52-KittyHawk.JPG
Skyhawk operators.png
McDONNELL DOUGLAS A-4 SKYHAWK.png

Galeri senjata A-4 Skyhawk[sunting | sunting sumber]


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Wikimedia Commons gadhah galeri bab:
Logo Wikimedia Commons
Pirsani galeri bab A-4 Skyhawk ing Wikimedia Commons.

Cithakan:Pesawat militer-stub

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