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Suku tembung lan panekanan[besut sumber]

Suku tembung (Syllable) dipisah nganggo tandha hyphen ("-"). Panekanan suku tembung stress ing suku tembung ditandhani kanthi nulis nganggo aksara kapital cilik .[1]

Simbul respelling Simbul IPA Notes
"Pocapan":
prə-NUN-see-AY-shən
/prəˌnʌnsiːˈeɪʃən/ "Primary" and "secondary" stress are not distinguished, as the difference is automatic.

Vowel[besut sumber]

Simbul respelling Conto Simbul IPA Cathetan
a trap /æ/ Australian /æ/ utawa /æː/[2] Scottish /a/
ah palm /ɑː/
air square /ɛər/
ar start /ɑr/ Scottish /ar/
arr marry /ær/
aw thought /ɔː/ American /ɔ/ or /ɑ/[3]
ay face /eɪ/
ə about /ə/ utawa /ɨ/ Unstressed neutral vowel.
(Sometimes i may be used for /ɨ/.)
ər letter /ər/ utawa /ɚ/ Unstressed neutral rhotic vowel
e dress /ɛ/
ee fleece /iː/ utawa /i/ also the second vowel of city[4]
eer near /ɪər/
err merry /ɛr/
ew ewe, dew /juː/ American /u/ or /ju/[5]
ewr cure /jʊər/
eye item /aɪ/ Spelled -y after a consonant.
The same vowel as the price example below
i kit /ɪ/ sometimes as either vowel of business BIZ-niss
irr mirror /ɪr/
o lot /ɒ/ -o- by itself may be /ɵ/
oh goat /oʊ/
oo food /uː/ Scottish /ʉ/
oor poor /ʊər/
or or ohr force or wore /ɔər/ Australian /oː(ɹ)/
or utawa awr north utawa war /ɔr/ Scottish /ɔr/
orr orange /ɒr/
ow mouth /aʊ/
owr hour /aʊər/
oy choice /ɔɪ/
u strut /ʌ/
ur nurse /ɜr/ utawa /ɝː/ American /ɜɹ, ɝ/ Scottish /ʌr, ɛr, ɪr/[6]
urr hurry /ʌr/
uu foot /ʊ/ Scottish /ʉ/
-y price, dye /aɪ/ after a consonant, otherwise spelled eye.
American /aɪ/ or /ɐɪ/[7]
yr fire /aɪər/

Konsonan[besut sumber]

Simbul respelling Conto Simbul IPA Cathetan
b but, web /b/
ch church, nature /tʃ/
d do, odd /d/
dh this, father, breathe /ð/ This sound is similar to th /θ/, but voiced.
f fool, enough, leaf /f/
g or gh go, beg, ghee /ɡ/ Not as in gem or gin, which is j /dʒ/. For legibility, ghee is used instead of gee in a few articles.
h ham, ahead /h/
j gin, joy, edge /dʒ/
k cat, kiss, skin, quick /k/
kh loch /x/ Pronounced like k by many speakers
l left, bell /l/
m man, ham /m/
n no, tin /n/
ng ring, singer, sink /ŋ/ Not the sound in finger, which is ng-g /ŋɡ/.
ng-g finger /ŋɡ/
p pen, spin, tip /p/
r run, very /r/
s or ss see, city, pass /s/ Not as in rose, which is z /z/. Use ss in positions where single s is normally /z/ in English, such as the end of a word after a vowel or a voiced consonant: for example, transliterate "ice" as eyess, not eyes and "tense" as tenss, not tens.
sh she, sure, emotion, leash /ʃ/
t two, sting, bet /t/
th thing, teeth /θ/
v voice, have /v/
w we, quick /w/
wh what /hw/ In many dialects, people substitute w for this sound.
y yes /j/
z zoo, rose, lens /z/
zh pleasure, vision, beige /ʒ/ Speakers generally substitute j /dʒ/ for this sound at the beginning of a word, except in proper names such as Zsa Zsa.

Deleng uga[besut sumber]

Cathetan[besut sumber]

  1. PanyuntingWikipedia bisa nyiptakaké aksara kapital cilik kanthi cara mangkéné: "{{sc|syllable in lowercase (small) letters}}".
  2. See "Bad-lad split" for details of this distinction.
  3. This assumes the absence of the cot-caught merger. In accents with this merger, aw represents the same sound as o.
  4. This assumes "happy-tensing". In accents without happy-tensing, unstressed ee is pronounced like i.
  5. Dependent on accent, the /j/ is pronounced after some consonants, coalesceses with other consonants or is dropped entirely.
  6. See Fern-fir-fur merger for details of this distinction.
  7. Value depends on voicing of following consonant; phonemic for very few words.