Kerja Sama Ekonomi Asia Pasifik: Béda antara owahan

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'''Kerja Sama Ekonomi Asia Pasifik''' ('''APEC'''; {{IPAc-en|eɪ|p|ɛ|k}} {{respell|AY|pek}}<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ABWwQg-CwY|title=What is APEC?|access-date=November 26, 2020 |website=www.youtube.com |publisher=[[YouTube]]}}</ref>) minangka forum antar-pamrentah kanggo 21 negara anggota ing [[Rim Pasifik]] sing nyengkuyung [[perdagangan bebas]] ing wilayah [[Asia-Pasifik]].<ref name="apec.org">[http://www.apec.org/about-us/about-apec/member-economies.aspx Member Economies – Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation]. Apec.org. Retrieved 12 April 2014.</ref> Sawise sukses ing serangkaian konferensi pasca-menteri [[ASEAN]] sing diluncurake ing pertengahan 1980-an,<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.pecc.org/resources/doc_view/601-back-to-canberra-founding-apec|title= PECC – Back to Canberra: Founding APEC|website= pecc.org|accessdate= 12 November 2017 | quote = ASEAN's series of post-ministerial consultations,launched in the mid-1980s, had demonstrated the feasibility and value of regular consultations among ministerial-level representatives of both developed and developing economies.}}</ref> APEC diwiwiti ing taun 1989,<ref name="History">{{cite web |title= History |url= https://www.apec.org/About-Us/About-APEC/History |website= apec.org | quote = The idea of APEC was firstly publicly broached by former Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke during a speech in Seoul, Korea, on 30 January 1969. Ten months later, 12 Asia-Pacific economies met in Canberra, Australia, to establish APEC.}}</ref> kanggo nanggepi ketergantungan ekonomi Asia-Pasifik lan tuwuh blok perdagangan regional ing bagean liyane ing donya; tujuane kanggo nggawe pasar anyar kanggo produk pertanian lan bahan baku sing ngluwihi Eropa.<ref name="pecc.org">{{cite web|url=https://www.pecc.org/resources/regional-cooperation/601-back-to-canberra-founding-apec/file|title=Back to Canberra: Founding APEC}}</ref> Kantor pusat ing Singapura,<ref>{{cite journal |url= http://www.ncapec.org/docs/what_is_apec.pdf | quote = The APEC Secretariat is based in Singapore. The Secretariat is staffed by 20 diplomats seconded from APEC member economies and by 20 local staff.|title=What is APEC and what can it do for business?}}</ref> APEC diakoni minangka salah sawijining blok multilateral tingkat paling dhuwur lan forum paling tuwa ing wilayah Asia-Pasifik,,<ref>{{cite web |last1= Chu |first1= Shulong |title= The East Asia Summit: Looking for an Identity |url= https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/the-east-asia-summit-looking-for-an-identity/ |website= Brookings |date=1 February 2017|quote = APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) is the oldest such forum and is generally recognized as the highest-level multilateral process in Asia-Pacific.}}</ref> lan menehi pengaruh global sing signifikan.<ref>{{cite web |title= Achievements and Benefits |url= https://www.apec.org/About-Us/About-APEC/Achievements-and-Benefits |website= apec.org }}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title= How Could The 2016 APEC Forum Affect The World Economy? – FXCM |url= https://www.fxcm.com/insights/2016-apec-forum-affect-world-economy/ |work= FXCM Insights |date= 9 January 2017 |access-date= 16 September 2018 |archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20180916201924/https://www.fxcm.com/insights/2016-apec-forum-affect-world-economy/ |archive-date= 16 September 2018 |url-status= dead |quote = The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum represents a potentially large-scale trade area that, when functioning in a concerted manner, could in the future work to shift the axis of global manufacturing and trade away from the North Atlantic–European region toward the Pacific. [...] But the future of the bloc, which represents more than 50% of the world's GDP, may be in suspense.}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |last1= Parreñas |first1= Julius Caesar |title= ASEAN and Asia‐Pacific economic cooperation |journal= The Pacific Review |volume= 11 |issue= 2 |pages= 233–248 |doi= 10.1080/09512749808719255 |date= January 1998}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |url= https://www.anzam.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf-manager/2336_BAMBER_GREG_AMI-13.PDF | title = What Context does the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC)Provide for Employment Relations? | quote = APEC represents the most dynamic economic region in the world, having generated nearly 70 per cent of global economic growth in its first 10 years [...]. }}</ref>
 
[[Kepala pamrentah]] kabeh anggota APEC
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