Dhaptar otot awak manungsa

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Langsung menyang: pandhu arah, pados

Iki sawijining daftar tabel otot jroning anatomi manungsa.

Cithakan:TOClimit

Otot ing sirah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Scalp/Eyelid (tlapukan)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
occipitofrontalis 2 occipital bellies lan 2 frontal bellies. galea aponeurotica saraf facial ngunggahaké alis
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
occipitalis superior nuchal line ing occipital bone
mastoid bagéan ing Cithakan:Dn
galea aponeurotica occipital arteri posterior auricular saraf (saraf facial) ngerutaké alis
frontalis galea aponeurotica Mastoid process ophthalmic arteri saraf facial ngerutaké alis
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
orbicularis oculi frontal bone; medial palpebral ligament; lacrimal bone lateral palpebral raphe ophthalmic, zygomatico-orbital, angular zygomatic branch saka facial nutup tlapukan levator palpebrae superioris
corrugator supercilii superciliary arches kulit bathuk, cedhak alis saraf facial ngerutaké bathuk
depressor supercilii Medial orbital rim Medial aspect of bony orbit saraf facial Mudhunaké alis

Extraocular muscles[sunting | sunting sumber]

otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
levator palpebrae superioris sphenoid bone tarsal plate, upper eyelid ophthalmic arteri oculomotor saraf retracts//elevates eyelid orbicularis oculi muscle
superior tarsal underside of levator palpebrae superioris superior tarsal plate ing eyelid ophthalmic arteri sympathetic nervous system ngunggahaké tlapukan ndhuwur

Rectus:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
superior annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex 7.5 mm superior to the corneal limbus oculomotor saraf elevates, adducts, lan rotates medially mata
inferior annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex 6.5 mm inferior to the corneal limbus inferior branch of oculomotor saraf depression lan adduction
medial annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex 5.5 mm medial to the corneal limbus inferior division ing oculomotor saraf adducts mataball
lateral annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex 7 mm temporal to the corneal limbus abducens saraf abducts the eyeball

Oblique:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
superior annulus of Zinn at the orbital apex, medial to optic canal Outer posterior quadrant ing eyeball lateral muscular branch ing ophthalmic arteri trochlear saraf primary: intorsion. secondary:abduct (laterally rotate) lan depress the eyeball
inferior orbital surface ing maxilla, lateral to the lacrimal groove laterally onto the eyeball, deep to the lateral rectus, by a short flat tendon oculomotor saraf extorsion, elevation, abduction

Intraocular[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
ciliary oculomotor saraf (parasympathetics) accommodation
iris dilator superior cervical ganglion (sympathetics) pupil dilation iris sphincter muscle
iris sphincter short ciliary sarafs constricts pupil iris dilator muscle

Kuping[sunting | sunting sumber]

Muscle Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
auriculares galeal aponeurosis front ing helix, cranial surface ing pinna saraf facial (Wiggle ears)
temporoparietalis Auriculares muscles galea aponeurotica
stapedius neck of stapes saraf facial control the amplitude of sound waves to the inner ear
tensor tympani Eustachian tube handle ing malleus superior tympanic arteri medial pterygoid saraf from mandibular saraf tensing the tympanic membrane

Irung[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
procerus From fascia over the lower ing nasal bone skin ing lower bagéan ing forehead antara alis Buccal branch ing saraf facial Narik mudhun pojok medial ing alis nuduhaké ekspresi of angop
nasalis Maxilla Nasal bone Buccal branch ing saraf facial Compresses bridge, depresses tip of nose, elevates corners of nostrils
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
dilatator naris margin ing nasal notch ing maxilla, greater lanlesser alar cartilages kulit ing pinggir nostril Buccal branch ing saraf facial Dilation of nostrils
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
depressor septi nasi incisive fossa ing maxilla nasal septum lan back bagéan ing alar bagéan of nasalis muscle Buccal branch ing saraf facial Depression of nasal septum
levator labii superioris alaeque nasi maxilla nostril lan upper lip buccal branch ing saraf facial Cithakan:Dn the nostril; elevates the upper lip lan wing ing nose

Cangkem[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
levator anguli oris maxilla modiolus of mouth facial arteri saraf facial smile (elevates angle of mouth)
depressor anguli oris tubercle of mandible modiolus of mouth facial arteri mandibular branch of saraf facial depresses angle of mouth
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
levator labii superioris Medial infra-orbital margin Skin lan muscle ing upper lip (labii superioris) facial arteri buccal branch ing saraf facial Elevates the upper lip
depressor labii inferioris oblique line ing mandible, antara symphysis lan the mental foramen integument ing lower lip, Orbicularis oris fibers, its fellow ing opposite side saraf facial depress the lower lip

Zygomaticus:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
major anterior of Cithakan:Dn modiolus of mouth facial arteri buccal branch ing saraf facial draws angle of mouth upward lan laterally
minor zygomatic bone skin ing upper lip facial arteri saraf facial, buccal branch elevates upper lip
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
mentalis anterior mandible chin mandibular branch of saraf facial elevates lan ngerutaké skin of chin, protrudes lower lip
buccinator alveolar processes ing maxillary bone lan mandible, pterygomandibular raphe in the fibres ing orbicularis oris buccal arteri buccal branch ing saraf facial compress the cheeks against the teeth (blowing), mastication.
orbicularis oris Maxilla lan mandible Skin around the lips buccal branch ing saraf facial pucker the lips
risorius parotid fascia modiolus facial arteri Buccal branch ing saraf facial draw back angle of mouth

Mastication[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
masseter zygomatic arch lan maxilla coronoid process lan ramus of mandible masseteric arteri masseteric saraf (V3) elevation (as in closing ing mouth) lan retraction of mandible Platysma muscle
temporalis temporal lines on the parietal bone ing skull coronoid process ing mandible deep temporal third branch (mandibular saraf) ing trigeminal saraf elevation lan retraction of mandible Platysma muscle

Pterygoid:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
lateral Great wing of sphenoid lan pterygoid plate Condyle of mandible pterygoid branches of maxillary arteri external pterygoid saraf from the mandibular saraf depresses mandible
medial deep head: medial side of lateral pterygoid plate behind the upper teeth
superficial head: pyramidal process of palatine bone lan maxillary tuberosity
medial angle ing mandible pterygoid branches of maxillary arteri mandibular saraf via saraf to medial pterygoid elevates mandible, closes jaw, helps lateral pterygoids in moving the jaw from side to side

Ilat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Extrinsic[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
genioglossus Superior bagéan of mental spine of mandible (symphysis menti) Dorsum of tongue lan body of hyoid Lingual arteri hypoglossal saraf Complex - Inferior fibers protrude the tongue, middle fibers depress the tongue, lan its superior fibers draw the tip back lan down
hyoglossus hyoid side ing tongue hypoglossal saraf
chondroglossus lesser cornu lan body ing hyoid bone intrinsic muscular fibers ing tongue hypoglossal saraf
styloglossus Styloid process of temporal bone tongue Hypoglossal saraf

Intrinsic[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
superior longitudinal close to the epiglottis, from the median fibrous septum edges ing tongue hypoglossal saraf
inferior longitudinal root ing tongue apex ing tongue Hypoglossal saraf
transversus median fibrous septum sides ing tongue hypoglossal saraf

Soft palate[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
levator veli palatini temporal bone, Eustachian tube palatine aponeurosis facial arteri vagus saraf elevates soft palate
tensor veli palatini medial pterygoid plate ing sphenoid bone palatine aponeurosis medial pterygoid of mandibular saraf tension ing soft palate
musculus uvulae hard palate palatine aponeurosis Cithakan:Dn
palatoglossus palatine aponeurosis tongue vagus saraf lan cranial accessory saraf raising the back bagéan ing tongue
palatopharyngeus palatine aponeurosis lan hard palate Upper border of thyroid cartilage (blends with constrictor fibers) Facial arteri vagus saraf lan cranial accessory saraf pulls pharynx lan larynx

Faring[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pharyngeal constrictor:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
inferior cricoid lan thyroid cartilage pharyngeal raphe external laryngeal branch ing vagus Swallowing
middle hyoid bone pharyngeal raphe Vagus saraf Swallowing
superior medial pterygoid plate, pterygomandibular raphé, alveolar process pharyngeal raphe, pharyngeal tubercle Vagus saraf Swallowing
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
stylopharyngeus Styloid process (temporal) thyroid cartilage (pharynx) glossopharyngeal saraf elevate the larynx, elevate the pharynx, swallowing
salpingopharyngeus cartilage ing Eustachian tube posterior Cithakan:Dn ing pharyngopalatinus muscle vagus saraf lan cranial accessory saraf raise the nasopharynx

Laring[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
cricothyroid Anterior lan lateral cricoid cartilage Inferior cornu lan lamina ing thyroid cartilage external laryngeal branch ing vagus tension lan elongation ing vocal folds (has minor adductory effect)

Cricoarytenoid:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
posterior posterior bagéan ing cricoid muscular process ing arytenoid cartilage recurrent laryngeal branch ing vagus abducts lan laterally rotates the cartilage, pulling the vocal ligaments away from the midline lan forward lan so opening the rima glottidis Lateral cricoarytenoid muscle
lateral lateral bagéan ing arch ing cricoid muscular process ing arytenoid cartilage recurrent laryngeal branch ing vagus adduct lan medially rotate the cartilage, pulling the vocal ligaments towards the midline lan backwards lan so closing off the rima glottidis
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
arytenoid Arytenoid cartilage on one side Arytenoid cartilage on opposite side recurrent laryngeal branch ing vagus approximate the arytenoid cartilages (close rima glottidis)
thyroarytenoid Inner surface ing thyroid cartilage (anterior aspect) Anterior surface of arytenoid cartilage recurrent laryngeal branch ing vagus thickens the vocal folds lan decreases length; also helps helps to adduct the vocal folds during speech

Otot ing gulu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cervical[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
platysma inferior clavicle lan fascia of chest mandible cervical branch ing saraf facial (CN VII) Draws the corners ing mouth inferiorly lan widens it (as in expressions of sadness lan fright). Also draws the skin ing neck Cithakan:Dn when teeth are clenched Masseter, Temporalis
sternocleidomastoid manubrium sterni, medial portion ing clavicle mastoid process ing temporal bone, superior nuchal line occipital arteri lan the superior thyroid arteri motor: accessory saraf
sensory: cervical plexus
Acting alone, tilts head to its own side lan rotates it so the face is turned towards the opposite side.

Acting together, flexes the neck, raises the sternum lan assists in forced inspiration. ||

Suprahyoid[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
digastric anterior belly - digastric fossa (mandible); posterior belly - mastoid process of temporal bone Intermediate tendon (hyoid bone) anterior belly - mandibular division ing trigeminal (CN V) via the mylohyoid saraf; posterior belly - saraf facial (CN VII) Opens the jaw when the masseter lan the temporalis are relaxed.
stylohyoid styloid process (temporal) greater cornu of hyoid bone saraf facial (CN VII) Elevate the hyoid during swallowing
mylohyoid Mylohyoid line (mandible) Cithakan:Dn mylohyoid branch of inferior alveolar arteri mylohyoid saraf, from inferior alveolar branch of mandibular saraf [V3] Raises oral cavity floor, elevates hyoid, depresses mandible
geniohyoid Symphysis menti hyoid bone C1 via hypoglossal saraf carry hyoid bone lan the tongue upward during deglutition

Infrahyoid/Strap[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
sternohyoid manubrium of sternum hyoid bone ansa cervicalis depress hyoid bone
sternothyroid manubrium thyroid cartilage Ansa cervicalis Elevates larynx, may slightly depress hyoid bone
thyrohyoid thyroid cartilage hyoid bone first cervical saraf depress hyoid bone
omohyoid Upper border ing scapula Hyoid bone Ansa cervicalis Depresses the larynx lan hyoid bone. Carries hyoid bone backward lan to the side

Balung geger[sunting | sunting sumber]

Anterior[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
longus colli Transverse processes of C-3 - C-6 Inferior surface ing occipital bone C2, C3, C4, C5, C6 Flexes the neck lan head
longus capitis anterior tubercles ing transverse processes ing third, fourth, fifth, lan sixth cervical vertebrae basilar bagéan ing occipital bone C1, C2, C3/C4 flexion of neck at atlanto-occipital joint
rectus capitis anterior atlas occipital bone C1 flexion of neck at atlanto-occipital joint
rectus capitis lateralis upper surface ing transverse process ing atlas under surface ing jugular process ing occipital bone C1

Lateral[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
scalene cervical vertebrae (C2-C7) first lan second ribs Ascending cervical arteri (branch of Inferior thyroid arteri) cervical nerves (C3, C4, C5, C6, C7 elevation of ribs I&II
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
anterior C3-C6 first rib Ascending cervical arteri (branch of Inferior thyroid arteri) ventral ramus of C5, C6
medius C2-C6 first rib Ascending cervical arteri (branch of Inferior thyroid arteri) Ventral rami ing third to eighth cervical spinal nerves Elevate 1st rib, rotate the neck to the opposite side
posterior transverse processes of C4 - C6 2nd rib Ascending cervical arteri, superficial cervical arteri C6, C7, C8 Elevate 2nd rib, tilt the neck to the same side

Otot ing torso[sunting | sunting sumber]

Geger[sunting | sunting sumber]

splenius:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
capitis Ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7-T6 Mastoid process of temporal lan occipital bone C3, C4 Extend, rotate, lan laterally flex the head
cervicis spinous processes of T3-T6 transverse processes of C1, C2, C3 C5, C6
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
erector spinae on the spines ing last four thoracic vertebræ both the spines ing most cranial thoracic vertebrae lan the cervical vertebrae lateral sacral arteri posterior branch of spinal saraf extends the vertebral column Rectus abdominis muscle
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
iliocostalis lateral sacral arteri
longissimus transverse process transverse process lateral sacral arteri posterior branch of spinal saraf Rectus abdominis muscle
spinalis spinous process spinous process lateral sacral arteri posterior branch of spinal saraf Rectus abdominis muscle
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
latissimus dorsi spinous processes of thoracic T6-T12, thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest lan inferior 3 or 4 ribs floor of intertubercular groove ing humerus subscapular arteri, dorsal scapular arteri thoracodorsal saraf pulls the forelimb dorsally lan caudally deltoid, trapezius
transversospinales transverse process spinous process posterior branches
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
semispinalis dorsi transverse processes ing sixth to the tenth thoracic vertebræ spinous processes ing upper four thoracic lan lower two cervical vertebrae
semispinalis cervicis transverse processes ing upper five or six thoracic vertebræ cervical spinous processes, from the axis to the fifth
Semispinalis capitis Transversal process of lower cervical lan higher thoracal columna Area between superior lan inferior nuchal line Greater occipital saraf Extend the head
multifidus Sacrum, Erector spinae Aponeurosis, PSIS, lan Iliac crest spinous process Posterior branches Stabilizes vertebrae in local movements of vertebral column
rotatores transverse process spinous process posterior branch
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
interspinales Spinous process Spinous process Posterior rami of spinal nerves Extension, flexion lan rotation of vertebral column.
intertransversarii Transverse process Transverse process above Anterior rami of spinal nerves Lateral flexion of trunk

Suboccipital[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rectus capitis posterior:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
major Spinous process ing axis (C2) Inferior nucheal line ing occipital bone Dorsal ramus of C1 (suboccipital saraf)
minor the tubercle on the posterior arch ing atlas the medial bagéan ing inferior nuchal line ing occipital bone lan the surface between it lan the foramen magnum a branch ing dorsal primary division ing suboccipital saraf extends the head at the neck, but is now considered to be more of a sensory organ than a muscle

obliquus capitis:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
inferior spinous process ing axis lateral mass of atlas suboccipital saraf
superior lateral mass of atlas lateral half ing inferior nuchal line suboccipital saraf

Dhadha[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
intercostales ribs 1-11 ribs 2-12 intercostal arteries intercostal nerves
Muscle Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
external intercostal arteries intercostal nerves Inhalation internal
internal rib - inferior border rib - superior border intercostal arteries intercostal nerves hold ribs steady external
innermost intercostal arteries intercostal nerves
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
subcostales inner surface of one rib inner surface ing second or third rib above, near its angle intercostal nerves
transversus thoracis costal cartilages of last 3-4 ribs, body of sternum, xiphoid process ribs/costal cartilages 2-6 intercostal arteries intercostal nerves depresses ribs
levatores costarum Transverse processes of C7 to T12 vertebrae Superior surfaces ing ribs immediately inferior to the preceding vertebrae dorsal rami - C8, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11 Assists in elevation ing thoracic rib cage

serratus posterior:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
inferior vertebrae T11 - L3 the inferior borders ing 9th through 12th ribs intercostal arteries intercostal nerves depress the lower ribs, aiding in expiration
superior nuchal ligament (or ligamentum nuchae) lan the spinous processes ing vertebrae C7 through T3 the upper borders ing 2nd through 5th ribs intercostal arteries 2nd through 5th intercostal sarafs elevate the ribs which aids in inspiration
diaphragm Pericardiacophrenic arteri, Musculophrenic arteri, Inferior phrenic arteries phrenic lan lower intercostal nerves respiration

Weteng[sunting | sunting sumber]

obliques:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
external Lower 8 costae Crista iliaca, ligamentum inguinale intercostal sarafs T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, subcostal saraf (T12) Rotates torso
internal Inguinal ligament, Iliac crest lan the Lumbodorsal fascia Linea alba, Xiphoid process lan the inferior ribs. intercostal sarafs T8, T9, T10, T11, subcostal saraf (T12), iliohypogastric saraf, ilioinguinal saraf Compresses abdomen lan rotates vertebral column.
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
transversus abdominis ribs lan the iliac crest inserts into the pubic tubercle via the conjoint tendon, also known as the falx inguinalis intercostal sarafs T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, subcostal saraf (T12), iliohypogastric saraf, ilioinguinal saraf, genitofemoral saraf compress the ribs lan viscera, providing thoracic lan pelvic stability
rectus abdominis pubis Costal cartilages of ribs 5-7, xiphoid process of sternum inferior epigastric arteri segmentally by thoraco-abdominal nerves (T7, T8, T9, T10, T11, T12) flexion of trunk/lumbar vertebrae Erector spinae
pyramidalis pubic symphysis lan pubic crest linea alba Subcostal saraf (T12) tensing the linea alba
cremaster inguinal ligament Cremasteric arteri genital branch of genitofemoral saraf raise lan lower the scrotum
quadratus lumborum iliac crest lan iliolumbar ligament Last rib lan transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae Lumbar arteries, Iliolumbar arteri Anterior branches of T12, L1, L2, L3, L4 [1] Alone, lateral flexion of vertebral column; Together, depression of thoracic rib cage

Pelvis[sunting | sunting sumber]

levator ani:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
iliococcygeus ischial spine lan from the posterior bagéan ing tendinous arch ing pelvic fascia coccyx lan anococcygeal raphe supports the viscera in pelvic cavity
pubococcygeus back ing pubis lan from the anterior bagéan ing obturator fascia coccyx lan sacrum controls urine flow lan contracts during orgasm
puborectalis lower bagéan ing symphysis pubis S3, S4. levator ani saraf [3] inhibit defecation
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
coccygeus Sacrospinous ligament sacral nerves: S4, S5 [2][4] or S3-S4[5] closing in the back bagéan ing outlet ing pelvis

Perineum[sunting | sunting sumber]

sphincter ani:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
externus S4 lan twigs from inferior anal nerves of pudendal saraf keep the anal canal lan anus closed, aids in the expulsion ing feces
internus pudendal saraf keep the anal canal lan anus closed, aids in the expulsion ing feces

superficial perineal pouch:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
transversus perinei superficialis anterior bagéan of ischial tuberosity central point of perineum pudendal saraf
bulbospongiosus Cithakan:Dn Perineal arteri pudendal saraf in males, empties the urethra; in females, clenches the vagina
ischiocavernosus Perineal arteri pudendal saraf assists the bulbospongiosus muscle

deep perineal pouch:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
transversus perinei profundus inferior rami ing ischium its fellow ing opposite side pudendal saraf
sphincter urethrae membranaceae junction ing inferior Cithakan:Dn ing pubis lan ischium to the extent of 1.25 to 2 cm., lan from the neighboring fasciæ its fellow ing opposite side perineal branch ing pudendal saraf (S2, S3, S4) Constricts urethra, maintain urinary continence

Otot ing upper limbs[sunting | sunting sumber]

Vertebral column[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
trapezius down the midline, from the external occipital protuberance, the nuchal ligament, the medial bagéan ing superior nuchal line, lan the spinous processes ing vertebrae C7-T12 at the shoulders, into the lateral third ing clavicle, the acromion process lan into the spine ing scapula transverse cervical arteri major saraf supply is the cranial saraf XI. Cervical sarafs C3 lan C4 receive information about pain in this muscle retraction of scapula Serratus anterior muscle
latissimus dorsi spinous processes of thoracic T6-T12, thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest lan inferior 3 or 4 ribs floor of intertubercular groove ing humerus subscapular arteri, dorsal scapular arteri thoracodorsal saraf pulls the forelimb dorsally lan caudally deltoid, trapezius
rhomboids nuchal ligaments, spinous processes of C7-T5 vertebrae medial border ing scapula dorsal scapular arteri dorsal scapular saraf (C4 lan C5) Retracts the scapula lan rotates it to depress the glenoid cavity. fixes the scapula to the thoracic wall. Serratus anterior muscle
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
rhomboid major spinous processes ing T2 to T5 vertebrae medial border ing scapula, inferior to the insertion of rhomboid minor muscle dorsal scapular arteri dorsal scapular saraf (C4 lan C5) Retracts the scapula lan rotates it to depress the glenoid cavity. It also fixes the scapula to the thoracic wall. Serratus anterior muscle
rhomboid minor nuchal ligaments lan spinous processes of C7- to T1 vertebrae medial border ing scapula, superior to the insertion of rhomboid major muscle dorsal scapular arteri dorsal scapular saraf (C4 lan C5) Retracts the scapula lan rotates it to depress the glenoid cavity. It also fixes the scapula to the thoracic wall. Serratus anterior muscle
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
levator scapulae Posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C1 - C4 vertebrae Superior bagéan of medial border of scapula dorsal scapular arteri cervical saraf (C3, C4) lan dorsal scapular saraf (C5) Elevates scapula lan tilts its glenoid cavity inferiorly by rotating scapula

Rongga dhadha[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
pectoralis major anterior surface ing medial half ing clavicle.
Sternocostal head: anterior surface ing sternum, the superior six costal cartilages
intertubercular groove ing humerus pectoral branch ing thoracoacromial trunk lateral pectoral saraf lan medial pectoral saraf
Clavicular head: C5 lan C6
Sternocostal head: C7, C8 lan T1
Clavicular head: flexes the humerus
Sternocostal head: extends the humerus
As a whole, adducts lan medially rotates the humerus. It also draws the scapula anteriorly lan inferiorly.
pectoralis minor 3rd to 5th ribs, near their costal cartilages medial border lan superior surface ing coracoid process ing scapula Pectoral branch ing thoracoacromial trunk Medial pectoral nerves (C8, T1) stabilizes the scapula by drawing it inferiorly lan anteriorly against the thoracic wall
subclavius first rib subclavian groove of clavicle thoracoacromial arteri, clavicular branch saraf to subclavius depression of clavicle
serratus anterior fleshy slips from the outer surface of upper 8 or 9 ribs costal aspect of medial margin ing scapula lateral thoracic arteri (upper bagéan), thoracodorsal arteri (lower bagéan) long thoracic saraf (from roots of brachial plexus C5, C6, C7) protract lan stabilize scapula, assists in upward rotation Rhomboid major, Rhomboid minor, Trapezius

Pundhak[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
deltoid clavicle, acromion, spine ing scapula deltoid tuberosity of humerus primarily posterior circumflex humeral arteri Axillary saraf shoulder abduction, flexion lan extension Latissimus dorsi
teres major posterior aspect ing inferior angle ing scapula medial lip ing intertubercular sulcus ing humerus Subscapular lan circumflex scapular arteries Lower subscapular saraf (segmental levels C5 lan C6) Internal rotation ing humerus
Rotator cuff: Various aspects of scapula greater tubercle of humerus, except subscapularis, which inserts on lesser tubercle of humerus. lateral rotation (Infraspinatus teres minor), medial rotation (subscapularis), abduction (supraspinatus) [6]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
supraspinatus supraspinous fossa of scapula superior facet of greater tubercle of humerus suprascapular arteri suprascapular saraf abduction of arm lan stabilizes humerus
infraspinatus infraspinous fossa ing scapula middle facet of greater tubercle ing humerus suprascapular lan circumflex scapular arteries suprascapular saraf Lateral rotation of arm & Adduction of arm lan stabilizes humerus
teres minor lateral border ing scapula inferior facet of greater tubercle ing humerus posterior circumflex humeral arteri lan the circumflex scapular arteri axillary saraf laterally rotates lan adducts the arm
subscapularis subscapular fossa lesser tubercle of humerus subscapular arteri upper subscapular saraf, lower subscapular saraf (C5, C6) rotates medially humerus; stabilizes shoulder

Tangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Anterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
coracobrachialis coracoid process of scapula medial humerus brachial arteri musculocutaneous saraf adducts humerus
biceps brachii short head: coracoid process ing scapula. long head: supraglenoid tubercle radial tuberosity brachial arteri Musculocutaneous saraf (Lateral cord: C5, C6, C7) flexes elbow lan supinates forearm Triceps brachii muscle
brachialis anterior surface ing humerus, particularly the distal half of this bone coronoid process lan the tuberosity ing ulna radial recurrent arteri musculocutaneous saraf flexion at elbow joint

Posterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
triceps brachii long head: scapula
lateral head: posterior humerus
medial head: posterior humerus
olecranon process of ulna Profunda brachii radial saraf extends forearm, caput longum adducts shoulder Biceps brachii muscle
anconeus Lateral epicondyle ing humerus lateral surface ing olecranon process lan the superior bagéan ing posterior ulna Profunda brachii, recurrent interosseous arteri radial saraf (C7, C8, lan T1) partly blended in with the triceps, which it assists in extension ing forearm. Stabilises the elbow lan abducts the ulna during pronation.

Forearm[sunting | sunting sumber]

Anterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Superficial[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
pronator teres humeral head: medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon)
ulnar head: coronoid process ing ulna
radius ulnar arteri lan radial arteri median saraf pronation of forearm, flexes elbow Supinator muscle
palmaris longus medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon) palmar aponeurosis ulnar arteri median saraf wrist flexor Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Extensor carpi ulnaris
flexor carpi radialis medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon) Bases of second lan third metacarpal bones ulnar arteri Median saraf Flexion lan abduction at wrist Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle, Extensor carpi radialis longus muscle
flexor carpi ulnaris medial epicondyle ing humerus (common flexor tendon) pisiform ulnar arteri muscular branches of ulnar saraf flexion of wrist Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle
flexor digitorum superficialis medial epicondyle ing humerus (common flexor tendon), as well as parts ing radius lan ulna. phalanges ulnar arteri median saraf flexor of fingers (primarily at proximal interphalangeal joints) Extensor digitorum muscle
Deep[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
pronator quadratus medial, anterior surface ing ulna lateral, anterior surface ing radius anterior interosseous arteri median saraf (anterior interosseous saraf) pronates the forearm Supinator muscle
flexor digitorum profundus ulna distal phalanges anterior interosseous arteri median (anterior interosseous), muscular branches of ulnar flex hand, interphalangeal joints Extensor digitorum muscle
flexor pollicis longus The middle 2/4 ing Cithakan:Dn surface ing radius lan the adjacent interosseus membrane. (Also occasionally a small asal slightly on the medial epicondyle ing ulna.) The base ing distal phalanx ing thumb Anterior interosseous arteri Anterior interosseous saraf (branch of median saraf) (C8, T1) Flexion ing thumb Extensor pollicis longus muscle, Extensor pollicis brevis muscle

Posterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Superficial[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
brachioradialis Lateral supracondylar ridge ing humerus Distal radius (Radial styloid process) radial recurrent arteri radial saraf Flexion of forearm
extensor carpi radialis longus lateral supracondylar ridge 2nd metacarpal radial arteri radial saraf extensor at the wrist joint, abducts the hand at the wrist Flexor carpi radialis muscle
extensor carpi radialis brevis humerus at the anterior of lateral epicondyle (common extensor tendon) base ing 3rd metacarpal radial arteri deep branch ing radial saraf extensor lan abductor ing hand at the wrist joint Flexor carpi radialis muscle
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
extensor digitorum lateral epicondyle (common extensor tendon) 2nd lan 3rd phalanges posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) extension of hand lan fingers Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle, Flexor digitorum profundus muscle
extensor digiti minimi the anterior portion ing lateral epicondyle ing humerus (common extensor tendon) extensor expansion, located at the base ing proximal phalanx ing finger on the dorsal side posterior interosseous arteri which originates from the common interosseous arteri lan more proximally, the ulnar arteri posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) extends the little finger at all joints Flexor digiti minimi brevis
extensor carpi ulnaris Common extensor tendon (lateral epicondyle), ulna 5th metacarpal ulnar arteri posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) extends lan adducts the wrist Flexor carpi ulnaris
Deep[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
supinator Lateral epicondyle ing humerus, supinator crest of ulna, radial collateral ligament, annular ligament Lateral proximal radial shaft radial recurrent arteri posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) supinates forearm Pronator teres, Pronator quadratus
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
abductor pollicis longus ulna, radial styloid process first metacarpal posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) abduction, extension of thumb Adductor pollicis muscle
extensor pollicis brevis radius thumb, proximal phalanx posterior interosseous arteri posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) extension of thumb at metacarpophalangeal joint Flexor pollicis longus muscle, Flexor pollicis brevis muscle
extensor pollicis longus ulna thumb, distal phalanx posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) extension ing thumb (metacarpophalangeal lan interphalangeal) Flexor pollicis longus muscle, Flexor pollicis brevis muscle
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
extensor indicis ulna index finger (extensor hood) posterior interosseous saraf (C7, C8) extends index finger, wrist

Tangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lateral volar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Thenar[sunting | sunting sumber]
otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
opponens pollicis trapezium lan transverse carpal ligament metacarpal bone ing thumb on its radial side median saraf Opposition ing thumb
flexor pollicis brevis trapezoid, flexor retinaculum thumb, proximal phalanx median saraf, deep branch of ulnar saraf (medial head) Flexion of thumb Extensor pollicis longus muscle, Extensor pollicis brevis muscle
abductor pollicis brevis Transverse carpal ligament, the scaphoid lan trapezium Radial base of proximal phalanx of thumb lan the Cithakan:Dns Median saraf Abduction of thumb Adductor pollicis muscle
adductor pollicis Transverse head: anterior body ing third metacarpal
Oblique head: bases ing second lan the third metacarpals lan the adjacent trapezoid lan capitate bones
medial side ing base ing proximal phalanx ing thumb lan the ulnar sesamoid deep branch of ulnar saraf (T1) adducts the thumb at the carpometacarpal joint Abductor pollicis longus muscle, Abductor pollicis brevis muscle

Medial volar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
palmaris brevis flexor retinaculum (medial), palmar aponeurosis palm superficial branch of ulnar saraf wrinkle skin of palm

Hypothenar :

Muscle Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
abductor minimi digiti pisiform base ing proximal phalanx ing 5th digit on the ulnar or medial side ulnar arteri deep branch of ulnar saraf Abduction of little finger
flexor digiti minimi brevis hamate bone little finger ulnar arteri deep branch of ulnar saraf flexes little finger Extensor digiti minimi muscle
opponens digiti minimi Hook of hamate lan flexor retinaculum Medial border of 5th metacarpal ulnar arteri deep branch of ulnar saraf (C8 lan T1) Draws 5th metacarpal anteriorly lan rotates it, bringing little finger (5th digit) into opposition with thumb

Intermediate[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
lumbrical flexor digitorum profundus extensor expansion superficial palmar arch, common palmar digital arteries, deep palmar arch, dorsal digital arteri deep branch of ulnar saraf, median saraf flex metacarpophalangeal joints, extend interphalangeal joints
dorsal interossei metacarpals proximal phalanges Dorsal metacarpal arteri lan palmar metacarpal arteri deep branch of ulnar saraf abduct finger Palmar interossei muscles
palmar interossei metacarpals proximal phalange deep branch of ulnar saraf adduction

Muscles of lower limb[sunting | sunting sumber]

Iliac region[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
Iliopsoas iliac fossa (iliacus, sacrum (iliacus), spine (T12, L1, L2, L3, L4, L5) & intervertebral discs (psoas major, psoas minor) [7] femur - lesser trochanter (psoas major/minor), shaft below lesser trochanter (iliacus), tendon of psoas major & femur (iliacus) [7] medial femoral circumflex arteri, iliolumbar arteri femoral saraf, Lumbar nerves L1, L2 flexion of hip (psoas major/minor, iliacus), spine rotation (psoas major/minor) Gluteus maximus, posterior compartment of thigh
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
psoas major lower spine in the lesser trochanter ing femur Iliolumbar arteri Lumbar plexus via anterior branches of L1, L2, L3[1] flexes lan rotates laterally thigh Gluteus maximus
psoas minor Side of T12+L1 lan IV Disc between Cithakan:Dn lan iliopectineal eminence L1 Weak trunk flexor Gluteus maximus
iliacus iliac fossa lesser trochanter of femur medial femoral circumflex arteri, Iliolumbar arteri femoral saraf (L2, L3[1]) flexes lan rotates laterally thigh Gluteus maximus

Bokong[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
gluteals:
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
gluteus maximus muscle Gluteal surface of ilium, lumbar fascia, sacrum, sacrotuberous ligament Gluteal tuberosity ing femur, iliotibial tract superior lan inferior gluteal arteries inferior gluteal saraf (L5, S1, S2 saraf roots) external rotation lan extension ing hip joint, supports the extended knee through the iliotibial tract, chief antigravity muscle in sitting Iliacus, Psoas major, Psoas minor
gluteus medius muscle Gluteal surface of ilium, under gluteus maximus Greater trochanter ing femur superior gluteal arteri superior gluteal saraf (L4, L5, S1 saraf roots) abduction ing hip; preventing adduction ing hip. Medial rotation of thigh. lateral rotator group
minimus Gluteal surface of ilium, under gluteus medius. Greater trochanter ing femur superior gluteal arteri superior gluteal saraf (L4, L5, S1 saraf roots) Works in concert with gluteus medius: abduction ing hip; preventing adduction ing hip. Medial rotation of thigh. lateral rotator group
tensor fasciae latae iliac crest iliotibial tract primarily lateral circumflex femoral arteri, Superior gluteal arteri Superior gluteal saraf (L4, L5) Thigh - flexion, medial rotation. Trunk stabilization.
lateral rotator group: at or below the acetabulum ing ilium on or near the greater trochanter ing femur Inferior gluteal arteri, Lateral sacral arteri, Superior gluteal arteri Obturator saraf, saraf to the Piriformis, saraf to quadratus femoris lateral rotation of hip Gluteus minimus muscle, Gluteus medius muscle
piriformis sacrum greater trochanter Inferior gluteal arteri , Lateral sacral arteri, Superior gluteal arteri saraf to the Piriformis (S1 lan S2 saraf roots) [2] rotate laterally (outward) the thigh
obturator externus obturator foramen lan obturatory membrane medial aspect of greater trochanter of femur obturator arteri posterior branch of obturator saraf (L3, L4) adduct thigh, rotate laterally thigh
obturator internus Ischiopubic ramus & obturator membrane medial aspect ing Greater trochanter Saraf to obturator internus (L5, S1, S2) Abducts & rotates laterally thigh, lan stabiliser ing hip during walking
inferior gemellus Ischial tuberosity Obturator internus tendon Saraf to Quadratus femoris (L4, L5, S1) Rotates laterally thigh
superior gemellus spine ing ischium Obturator internus tendon Sacral plexus (S1, S2, S3) Rotates laterally thigh
quadratus femoris Ischial tuberosity Intertrochanteric crest Inferior gluteal arteri Saraf to quadratus femoris (L4, L5, -S1) lateral rotation of thigh

Pupu[sunting | sunting sumber]

anterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
sartorius superior to the anterior superior iliac spine medial side ing upper tibia in the pes anserinus femoral arteri femoral saraf flexion, lateral rotation lan abduction of thigh; flexion lan medial rotation of leg
quadriceps femoris combined rectus femoris lan vastus muscles Patella lan Tibial tuberosity via the Patellar ligament femoral arteri Femoral saraf Knee extension; Hip flexion (R.Fem. only) Hamstring
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
rectus femoris anterior inferior iliac spine lan the exterior surface ing bony ridge which forms the iliac portion ing acetabulum Patella lan Tibial tuberosity via the Patellar ligament femoral arteri femoral saraf knee extension; hip flexion Hamstring
vastus lateralis Greater trochanter, Intertrochanteric line, lan Linea aspera ing Femur Patella lan Tibial tuberosity via the Patellar ligament femoral arteri femoral saraf Extends lan stabilizes knee Hamstring
vastus intermedius antero/ lateral femur Patella lan Tibial tuberosity via the Patellar ligament femoral arteri femoral saraf extends knee Hamstring
vastus medialis femur Patella lan Tibial tuberosity via the Patellar ligament femoral arteri femoral saraf extends knee Hamstring
articularis genu femur suprapatellar bursa femoral arteri femoral saraf Pulling the suprapatellar bursa during extension ing knee.

posterior compartment/hamstring[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
biceps femoris tuberosity ing ischium, linea aspera, femur the head ing fibula which articulates with the back ing lateral tibial condyle inferior gluteal arteri, perforating arteries, popliteal arteri long head: tibial saraf, short head: common peroneal saraf flexes knee joint, laterally rotates knee joint (when knee is flexed), extends hip joint (long head only) Quadriceps muscle
semitendinosus tuberosity ing ischium pes anserinus inferior gluteal arteri, perforating arteries sciatic (tibial, L5, S1, S2) flex knee, extend hip joint Quadriceps muscle
semimembranosus Ischial tuberosity Medial surface of tibia profunda femoris, Cithakan:Dn sciatic saraf Hip extension, Knee flexion Quadriceps muscle

medial compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
adductor muscles ing hip pubis femur, tibia obturator saraf adduction of hip
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
gracilis ischiopubic ramus tibia (pes anserinus) obturator arteri anterior branch of obturator saraf flexes hip, knee
pectineus pubis - superior pubic ramus Lesser trochanter, linea aspera Obturator arteri Femoral saraf, sometimes obturator saraf Thigh - flexion, adduction, medial rotation
adductor brevis anterior surface ing inferior ramus lan body ing pubis the lesser trochanter lan linea aspera ing femur Obturator arteri obturator saraf adduction of hip
adductor longus pubic body just below the pubic crest middle third of linea aspera obturator arteri anterior branch of obturator saraf adduction of thigh
adductor magnus pubis, tuberosity ing ischium femur Obturator arteri posterior branch of obturator saraf (adductor) lan sciatic saraf (hamstring)[8] adduction of hip

Sikil[sunting | sunting sumber]

anterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
tibialis anterior body of tibia medial cuneiform lan first metatarsal bones ing foot anterior tibial arteri Deep Fibular (peroneal) saraf dorsiflex lan invert the foot Fibularis longus, Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Plantaris, Tibialis posterior
extensor hallucis longus middle portion ing fibula on the anterior surface lan the interosseous membrane dorsal side ing base ing distal phalanx ing Hallux anterior tibial arteri peroneal saraf Extends the big toe lan assists in dorsiflexion ing foot at the ankle. Also is a weak invertor Flexor hallucis longus, Flexor hallucis brevis
extensor digitorum longus Lateral Condyle of tibia lan superior ¾ of interosseous membrane Middle lan Distal phalanges of lateral four digits anterior tibial arteri peroneal saraf extension of toes lan ankle Flexor digitorum longus, Flexor digitorum brevis
fibularis tertius distal anterior surface ing fibula dorsal surface of metatarsal 5 anterior tibial arteri deep fibular saraf dorsi flexes lan everts foot

posterior compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

Superficial[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
triceps surae achilles tendon, calcaneus posterior tibial arteri tibial saraf plantarflexion
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
gastrocnemius femur calcaneus sural arteries tibial saraf from the sciatic, specifically, saraf roots S1, S2 plantarflexion, flexion of knee (minor) Tibialis anterior muscle
soleus fibula, medial border of tibia (soleal line) tendo calcaneus sural arteries tibial saraf, specifically, saraf roots L5–S2 plantarflexion Tibialis anterior muscle
plantaris Lateral supracondylar ridge of femur above lateral head of gastrocnemius Tendo calcaneus (medial side, deep to gastrocnemius tendon) sural arteries tibial saraf Plantar flexes foot lan flexes knee Tibialis anterior muscle
Deep[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
popliteus middle facet ing lateral surface ing lateral femoral condyle posterior tibia under the Cithakan:Dns popliteal arteri tibial saraf Medial rotation lan flexion of knee

tarsal tunnel:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
flexor hallucis longus fibula, posterior aspect of upper 1/3 base of distal phalanx of hallux Peroneal arteri (peroneal branch ing posterior tibial arteri tibial saraf, S1, S2 saraf roots flexes all joints ing Hallux, plantar flexion ing ankle joint Extensor hallucis longus muscle
flexor digitorum longus medial tibia distal phalanges of lateral four digits posterior tibial arteri Tibial saraf Primary kerja is Flex digits Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor digitorum brevis
tibialis posterior tibia, fibula navicular, medial cuneiform posterior tibial arteri tibial saraf inversion ing foot, plantar flexion ing foot at the ankle Tibialis anterior muscle

lateral compartment[sunting | sunting sumber]

fibularis muscles:

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
longus fibula first metatarsal, medial cuneiform fibular (peroneal) arteri superficial fibular (peroneal) saraf plantarflexion, eversion Tibialis anterior muscle
brevis fibula fifth metatarsal fibular (peroneal) arteri superficial fibular (peroneal) saraf plantarflexion, eversion

Sikil[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dorsal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
extensor digitorum brevis calcaneus toes deep peroneal saraf extends digits 2, 3, lan 4 Flexor digitorum longus, Flexor digitorum brevis
extensor hallucis brevis calcaneus base of proximal phalanx of hallux deep peroneal saraf Extension of hallux Flexor hallucis brevis muscle

Plantar[sunting | sunting sumber]

1st layer[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
abductor hallucis medial process of calcaneus, Cithakan:Dn, plantar aponeurosis medial side of base of proximal phalanx of first digit Cithakan:Dn abducts hallux Adductor hallucis muscle
flexor digitorum brevis medial process of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis, Cithakan:Dn middle phalanges of digits 2-5 Cithakan:Dn flexes lateral four toes Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor digitorum brevis
abductor digiti minimi Plantar aponeurosis Fifth toe or Phalanges lateral plantar arteri lateral plantar saraf (S1, S2) flex lan abduct the fifth toe Flexor digiti minimi brevis muscle
2nd layer[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
quadratus plantae Calcaneus Tendons of Flexor Digitorum Longus lateral plantar saraf (S1, S2) Assists Flexor Digitorum Longus in flexion of DIP joints
lumbrical muscle tendons of flexor digitorum longus medial aspect of extensor expansion over lateral four digits Cithakan:Dn flex proximal phalanges lan extend middle lan distal phalanges of lateral four digits
3rd layer[sunting | sunting sumber]
otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
flexor hallucis brevis medial plantar saraf flex hallux Extensor hallucis longus muscle
adductor hallucis Cithakan:Dn adducts hallux Abductor hallucis muscle
flexor digiti minimi brevis fifth metatarsal bone phalanx ing fifth toe Cithakan:Dn extend lan adduct the fifth toe Abductor digiti minimi muscle
4th layer[sunting | sunting sumber]
Otot Asal Insertion Arteri Saraf Kerja Antagonis
dorsal interossei Cithakan:Dn abduct toes Plantar interossei muscles
plantar interossei metatarsals proximal phalanges Cithakan:Dn adduct toes Dorsal interossei ing foot

Innervation overview[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mind Map showing a summary of Upper Limb Muscle Innervation
Mind Map showing a summary of Upper Limb Muscle Innervation
Mind Map Showing a summary of Lower Limb Muscle innervation
Mind Map Showing a summary of Lower Limb Muscle innervation

Cathetan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c Essential Clinical Anatomy. K.L. Moore & A.M. Agur. Lippincott, 2 ed. 2002. Page 193
  2. ^ a b c Essential Clinical Anatomy. K.L. Moore & A.M. Agur. Lippincott, 2 ed. 2002. Page 217
  3. ^ Wallner C, Maas C, Dabhoiwala N, Lamers W, Deruiter M (2006). "Evidence for the innervation ing puborectalis muscle by the levator ani saraf.". Neurogastroenterol Motil 18 (12): 1121–2. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2982.2006.00846.x. PMID 17109696.
  4. ^ Cithakan:MuscleLoyola
  5. ^ "uams.edu". http://anatomy.uams.edu/AnatomyHTML/muscles_pelvis&perineum.html. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
  6. ^ List of major muscles ing human body
  7. ^ a b exrx.net
  8. ^ Cithakan:MedicalMnemonics

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala njaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • [1] Tutorial & Quizzes on Skeletal Muscular Anatomy

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