Wikipedia:Pronunciation respelling key

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Pronunciation respelling for English (prə-nun-see-ay-shən ree-spel-ing kee) iku pituduh pocapan sing dipigunakaké ing sawetara artikel Wikipedia kanggo ngéja pocapan tembung basa Inggris. Cara iki ora migunakaké simbul khusus (mligi) utawa tandha diakritik saliyané schwa, "ə", sing dianggo ing a jronin tembung about.

Suku tembung lan panekanan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Suku tembung (Syllable) dipisah nganggo tandha hyphen ("-"). Panekanan suku tembung stress ing suku tembung ditandhani kanthi nulis nganggo aksara kapital cilik .[1]

Simbul respelling Simbul IPA Notes
"Pocapan":
prə-NUN-see-AY-shən
/prəˌnʌnsiːˈeɪʃən/ "Primary" and "secondary" stress are not distinguished, as the difference is automatic.

Vowel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Simbul respelling Conto Simbul IPA Cathetan
a trap /æ/ Australian /æ/ utawa /æː/[2] Scottish /a/
ah palm /ɑː/
air square /ɛər/
ar start /ɑr/ Scottish /ar/
arr marry /ær/
aw thought /ɔː/ American /ɔ/ or /ɑ/[3]
ay face /eɪ/
ə about /ə/ utawa /ɨ/ Unstressed neutral vowel.
(Sometimes i may be used for /ɨ/.)
ər letter /ər/ utawa /ɚ/ Unstressed neutral rhotic vowel
e dress /ɛ/
ee fleece /iː/ utawa /i/ also the second vowel of city[4]
eer near /ɪər/
err merry /ɛr/
ew ewe, dew /juː/ American /u/ or /ju/[5]
ewr cure /jʊər/
eye item /aɪ/ Spelled -y after a consonant.
The same vowel as the price example below
i kit /ɪ/ sometimes as either vowel of business BIZ-niss
irr mirror /ɪr/
o lot /ɒ/ -o- by itself may be /ɵ/
oh goat /oʊ/
oo food /uː/ Scottish /ʉ/
oor poor /ʊər/
or or ohr force or wore /ɔər/ Australian /oː(ɹ)/
or utawa awr north utawa war /ɔr/ Scottish /ɔr/
orr orange /ɒr/
ow mouth /aʊ/
owr hour /aʊər/
oy choice /ɔɪ/
u strut /ʌ/
ur nurse /ɜr/ utawa /ɝː/ American /ɜɹ, ɝ/ Scottish /ʌr, ɛr, ɪr/[6]
urr hurry /ʌr/
uu foot /ʊ/ Scottish /ʉ/
-y price, dye /aɪ/ after a consonant, otherwise spelled eye.
American /aɪ/ or /ɐɪ/[7]
yr fire /aɪər/

Konsonan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Simbul respelling Conto Simbul IPA Cathetan
b but, web /b/
ch church, nature /tʃ/
d do, odd /d/
dh this, father, breathe /ð/ This sound is similar to th /θ/, but voiced.
f fool, enough, leaf /f/
g or gh go, beg, ghee /ɡ/ Not as in gem or gin, which is j /dʒ/. For legibility, ghee is used instead of gee in a few articles.
h ham, ahead /h/
j gin, joy, edge /dʒ/
k cat, kiss, skin, quick /k/
kh loch /x/ Pronounced like k by many speakers
l left, bell /l/
m man, ham /m/
n no, tin /n/
ng ring, singer, sink /ŋ/ Not the sound in finger, which is ng-g /ŋɡ/.
ng-g finger /ŋɡ/
p pen, spin, tip /p/
r run, very /r/
s or ss see, city, pass /s/ Not as in rose, which is z /z/. Use ss in positions where single s is normally /z/ in English, such as the end of a word after a vowel or a voiced consonant: for example, transliterate "ice" as eyess, not eyes and "tense" as tenss, not tens.
sh she, sure, emotion, leash /ʃ/
t two, sting, bet /t/
th thing, teeth /θ/
v voice, have /v/
w we, quick /w/
wh what /hw/ In many dialects, people substitute w for this sound.
y yes /j/
z zoo, rose, lens /z/
zh pleasure, vision, beige /ʒ/ Speakers generally substitute j /dʒ/ for this sound at the beginning of a word, except in proper names such as Zsa Zsa.

Deleng uga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cathetan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ PanyuntingWikipedia bisa nyiptakaké aksara kapital cilik kanthi cara mangkéné: "{{sc|syllable in lowercase (small) letters}}".
  2. ^ See "Bad-lad split" for details of this distinction.
  3. ^ This assumes the absence of the cot-caught merger. In accents with this merger, aw represents the same sound as o.
  4. ^ This assumes "happy-tensing". In accents without happy-tensing, unstressed ee is pronounced like i.
  5. ^ Dependent on accent, the /j/ is pronounced after some consonants, coalesceses with other consonants or is dropped entirely.
  6. ^ See Fern-fir-fur merger for details of this distinction.
  7. ^ Value depends on voicing of following consonant; phonemic for very few words.