Konstantin I

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Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (lair 27 Februari 272 – tilar donya 22 Mei 337 kanthi umur65 taun), sing lazim dikenal minangka Konstantin I, Konstantin Agung, utawa (ing antara wong Kristen Ortodoks Timur lan Katulik Timur)[2]Santo Konstantin, iku sawijining Kaisar Romawi, sing dinyatakaké minangka Augustus déning pasukan-pasukané ing tanggal 25 Juli 306 lan sing mrintah atas bagéyan Kakaisaran Romawi sing terus-menerus tuwuh nganti sédané.

Cathetan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Jroning (basa Latin gelar resmi kakaisaran Konstantine yakuwi IMPERATOR CAESAR FLAVIVS CONSTANTINVS PIVS FELIX INVICTVS AVGVSTVS, Imperator Caesar Flavius Constantine Augustus, sing saleh, sing untung, sing ora tau kalah. Sawisé 312, ditambah MAXIMVS ("sing paling agung"), lan sawisé 325 nggenti invictus ("sing ora tau kalah") dadi VICTOR, amarga invictus ngèlingaké marang Sol Invictus, Déwa Srengéngé.
  2. ^ Gréja Katulik Timur ritus Bizantium nganggep Konstantin sawijining santo, nanging ora klebu jroning Martirologi Roma saka Gréja Latin.

Deleng uga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala njaba[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Rujukan lan wacan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ancient History
  • Chuvin, Pierre, B. A. Archer, translator, A Chronicle of the Last Pagans, Harvard, 1990. ISBN 0-674-12970-9
  • Dodds, Eric Robertson, The Greeks and the Irrational, University of California, 1964.
  • Dodds, Eric Robertson, Pagan and Christian in an Age of Anxiety: Some Aspects of the Religious Experience from Marcus Aurelius to Constantine, Cambridge, 1965.
  • Jones, A.H.M. Constantine and the Conversion of Europe. London: English University Press, 1948; London: Macmillan, 1949.
  • MacMullen, Ramsay, Constantine, Dial Press, 1969.
  • MacMullen, Ramsay, Christianizing the Roman Empire A.D. 100-400, Yale, 1984.
  • MacMullen, Ramsay, Changes in the Roman Empire: Essays in the Ordinary, Princeton, 1990.
  • MacMullen, Ramsay, Enemies of the Roman Order: Treason, Unrest, and Alienation, Harvard, 1966.
  • Odahl, Charles Matson, Constantine and the Christian Empire, Routledge, 2004.
  • Wilken, Robert L., Christians As the Romans Saw Them, Yale, 1984
  • Eusebius of Caesarea, The Life of the blessed Emperor Constantine 4 jilid, dari 306 hingga 337.
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911: Constantine
  • Lactantius, (240-320) Of the Manner the in Which the Persecutors Died,
  • "Constantine the Great", oleh Charles G. Herbermann and Georg Grupp. The Catholic Encyclopedia (1908)
  • "Donatists", oleh John Chapman. The Catholic Encyclopedia (1909)
  • Sources on the Antonine Plague
  • Vlassis R. Rassias, Es Edafos Ferein, edisi ke-2, Athens, 2000, ISBN 960-7748-20-4
Sing mengku  sadurungé:
Konstantius Khlorus
Kaisar Romawi
306–337
Diganti déning:
Konstantius II,
Konstantin II
dan Konstans


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