Dhaptar pamenang bebungah Nobel Perdamaian

Saka Wikipédia, Bauwarna Mardika abasa Jawa / Saking Wikipédia, Bauwarna Mardika abasa Jawi
Langsung menyang: pandhu arah, pados
Institut Nobel Norwégia (The Norwegian Nobel Institute) mbiyantu Komité Nobel Norwégia (the Norwegian Nobel Committee) jroning nyelèksi calon panampa lan nyiapaké acara taunan penganugerahan Nobel ing Oslo.

Bebungah Nobel Perdamaian iku sawijining bebungah sing dianugerahaké saben taun déning Komité Nobel Norwégia "marang sadéngah wong sing wis ndarmabhaktèkaké karya paling apiké tumrap paseduluran antara bangsa-bangsa, kanggo ngilangaké utawa ngurangi kabutuhan pasukan lan kanggo njaga lan promosi upaya damai."[1]

Pamenang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Taun Pamenang[A] Negara[B] Alesan[C]
1901 Frederic Passy.jpg Frédéric Passy Prancis "[for] being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress."[2][3]
Jean Henri Dunant.jpg Jean Henry Dunant Swiss "[for] his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross"[2][3]
1902 Ducommun.jpg Élie Ducommun Swiss "Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[4]
Charles Albert Gobat2.jpg Charles Albert Gobat Swiss "Secretary General, Inter-Parliamentary Union; Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[4]
1903 Cremer.jpg William Randal Cremer United Kingdom "Member, British Parliament; Secretary, International Arbitration League"[5]
1904 Logo of Institut de Droit International.svg Institut de Droit International Belgium "for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law."[2][6]
1905 Bertha-von-Suttner-1906.jpg Bertha von Suttner Austria-Hungary "Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau; Author of Lay Down Your Arms"[7]
1906 President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg Theodore Roosevelt Amérika Sarékat "for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case"[2][8]
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.jpg Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italia "President, Lombard League of Peace,"[9] was "prominent as a worker for peace in Italy."[10]
Louis Renault jurist.gif Louis Renault Prancis "Professor International Law,"[9] was "the permanent delegate of Prancis to The Hague Tribunal."[10]
1908 KParnoldson.jpg Klas Pontus Arnoldson Swedia "Founder of Swedish Peace and Arbitration League"[11]
Fredrik Bajer Denmark "[for his]work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau"[2][11]
1909 Beernaert.gif Auguste Marie François Beernaert Belgia "ex-Prime Minister; Member, Belgian Parliament; Member of Cour Internationale d'Arbitrage"[12]
PaulBalluet.gif Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant Prancis "Member, French Parliament (Sénateur); Founder and President of French parliamentary group for voluntary arbitration; Founder, Committee for the Defense of National Interests and International Conciliation"[12]
1910 International Peace Bureau Swiss "Founded in 1891"[13]
1911 TMCasser.jpg Tobias Michael Carel Asser The Netherlands "Initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law at the Hague; Cabinet Minister; Lawyer"[14]
Alfred Herrmann Fried Foto.jpg Alfred Hermann Fried Austria "Journalist; Founder of Die Friedenswarte"[14]
1912 Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg Elihu Root Amérika Sarékat "ex-Secretary of State; Originator of various treaties of arbitration"[15]
1913 HenriLaFontaine.jpg Henri La Fontaine Belgium "Member, Belgian Parliament (Sénateur); President, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[16]
1914 Ora ana
1917 Emblem of the ICRC.svg International Committee of the Red Cross Swiss [17]
1918 Ora ana
1919 President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg Woodrow Wilson Amérika Sarékat "President of Amérika Sarékat of America; Founder of the League of Nations"[18]
1920 Bourgeoi.jpg Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois Prancis "ex-Secretary of State; President, French Parliament (Sénat); President, Council of the League of Nations"[19]
1921 Hjalmar branting stor bild.jpg Hjalmar Branting Swedia "Prime Minister; Swedish Delegate, Council of the League of Nations"[20]
Christian Lous Lange Norwegia "Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union"[20]
1922 Fridtjof Nansen LOC 03377u.jpg Fridtjof Nansen Norwegia "Scientist; Explorer; Norwegian Delegate, League of Nations; Originator of "Nansen passports""[21]
1923 Ora ana
1925 Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg Austen Chamberlain United Kingdom "Foreign Secretary; Part-originator of Locarno Pact"[22]
Charles Dawes, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg Charles Gates Dawes Amérika Sarékat "Vice-President of Amérika Sarékat of America; Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission (Originator of "Dawes Plan")"[22]
1926 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand Prancis "Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact and Briand-Kellogg Pact"[23]
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg Gustav Stresemann Jerman "ex-Lord High Chancellor (Reichs-kanzler); Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact"[23]
1927 Ferdinand Buisson Prancis "Formerly Professor, Sorbonne University, Paris; Founder and President, League for Human Rights"[24]
DBP - Nobelpreisträger, Ludwig Quidde - 50 Pfennig - 1975 fixed.jpg Ludwig Quidde Jerman "Professor, Berlin University; Member, German Parliament; Participant of various peace conferences"[24]
1928 Ora ana
1929 FrankKellogg.jpg Frank B. Kellogg Amérika Sarékat "ex-Secretary of State; Part-originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact"[25]
1930 Soderblom.gif Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom Swedia "Archbishop; Leader in the ecumenical movement"[26]
1931 Jane Addams profile.jpg Jane Addams Amérika Sarékat "Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[27]
Nicholas Murray Butler Amérika Sarékat "President, Columbia University; Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact"[27]
1932 Ora ana
1933 Norman Angell 01.jpg Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) United Kingdom "Writer; Member, Executive Committee of the League of Nations and of National Peace Council"[28]
1934 Arthurhenderson.jpg Arthur Henderson United Kingdom "ex-Foreign Secretary; President, Disarmament Conference in 1932"[29]
1935 Ossietzky.jpg Carl von Ossietzky Jerman "Journalist (die Weltbühne); Pacifist"[30]
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas.jpg Carlos Saavedra Lamas Argentina "Secretary of State; President, League of Nations; Mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia"[31]
1937 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil) United Kingdom "Writer, ex-Lord Privy Seal; Founder and President, International Peace Campaign"[32]
1938 Nansen International Office For Refugees Swiss "An international relief organization, started by Fridtjof Nansen in 1921"[33]
1939 Ora ana
1944 Emblem of the ICRC.svg International Committee of the Red Cross Swiss [34]
1945 Hull-Cordell-LOC.jpg Cordell Hull Amérika Sarékat "ex-Secretary of State; Prominent participant in the originating of the United Nations"[35]
1946 Emily Greene Balch Amérika Sarékat "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[36]
John Raleigh Mott, 1910.jpg John Raleigh Mott Amérika Sarékat "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations"[36]
1947 Friends Service Council United Kingdom [37]
American Friends Service Committee Amérika Sarékat
1948 Ora ana
1949 Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin United Kingdom "Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations"[38]
1950 Ralph Bunche - 1963 March on Washington.jpg Ralph Bunche Amérika Sarékat "Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948"[39]
1951 Léon Jouhaux Prancis "President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations"[40]
1952 Albert Schweitzer, Etching by Arthur William Heintzelman.jpg Albert Schweitzer Prancis "Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)"[41]
1953 General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG George Catlett Marshall Amérika Sarékat "General President American Red Cross; ex-Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of "Marshall Plan""[42]
1954 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Swiss "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[43]
1955 Ora ana
1957 Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg Lester Bowles Pearson Kanada "former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada; former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly";[44] "for his role in trying to end the Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations."[2]
1958 Georges Pire 1958.jpg Georges Pire Belgia "Father of the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees "L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde""[45]
1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker United Kingdom "Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation"[46]
1960 Albert Lutuli Afrika Kidul "President of the African National Congress,"[47] "was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa."[2]
1961 Dag Hammarskjold.jpg Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld Sweden "Secretary General of the U.N.,"[48] awarded "for strengthening the organization."[2]
1962 Pauling.jpg Linus Carl Pauling Amérika Sarékat "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing"[49]
1963 Emblem of the ICRC.svg International Committee of the Red Cross Swiss [50]
Emblem of the IFRC.svg League of Red Cross societies Swiss
1964 Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg Martin Luther King, Jr. Amérika Sarékat "Leader of "Southern Christian Leadership Conference""[51]
1965 United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) United Nations [52]
1966 Ora ana
1968 René Cassin Prancis "President of the European Court for Human Rights"[53]
1969 International Labour Organization United Nations [54]
1970 Norman Borlaug.jpg Norman E. Borlaug Amérika Sarékat "International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;"[55] "for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America."[2]
1971 Willy Brandt.jpg Willy Brandt Federal Republic of Jerman "Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Jerman; for West Jerman's Ostpolitik"[56]
1972 Ora ana
1973 Henry Kissinger.jpg Henry A. Kissinger Amérika Sarékat "For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"[57][2]
Lê Ðức Thọ (refused) Democratic Republic of Vietnam
1974 Seán MacBride Ireland "President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia."[58] "For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"[2]
Eisaku Sato Japan "Prime Minister of Japan,"[58] "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"[2]
1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov Soviet Union "[for his] struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations"[59][60]
1976 Betty Williams.jpg Betty Williams United Kingdom "Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"[61]
Mairead Corrigan Ireland
1977 Amnesty International United Kingdom "[for] protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience"[62][2]
1978 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat Mesir "for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Mesir and Israel"[63]
Menachem Begin 2.jpg Menachem Begin Israel
1979 MotherTeresa 090.jpg Mother Teresa India "Leader of Missionaries of Charity"[64]
1980 75px Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Argentina "Human rights leader;"[65] "founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)."[2]
1981 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees United Nations "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[66]
1982 ARB-Alva-Myrdal.jpg Alva Myrdal Sweden "[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"[67][68]
Alfonso García Robles Mexico
1983 Lech Walesa.jpg Lech Wałęsa Poland "Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"[69]
1984 Desmond tutu 20070607 2.jpg Desmond Mpilo Tutu South Africa "Bishop of Johannesburg; former Secretary General, South African Council of Churches"[70]
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Amérika Sarékat [71]
1986 Elie Wiesel.jpg Elie Wiesel Amérika Sarékat "Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust""[72]
1987 OscarArias.jpg Óscar Arias Sánchez Costa Rica "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[73]
1988 Blue helmet.JPG United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces United Nations "[for] their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations"[74][75]
1989 The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Tibet "[for] his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [and] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."[76][77]
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 1987.jpg Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev USSR President of the Soviet Union, "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"[78]
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Burma "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[79]
1992 Rigoberta Menchu Tum.JPG Rigoberta Menchú Tum Guatemala "[for] her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[80]
1993 Nelson Mandela.jpg Nelson Mandela South Africa "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"[81]
Frederik Willem de Klerk.jpg Frederik Willem de Klerk South Africa
1994 ArafatEconomicForum.jpg Yasser Arafat Palestine "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"[82]
Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg Yitzhak Rabin Israel
Shimon Peres in Poland, 2008.jpg Shimon Peres Israel
1995 Joseph Rotblat United Kingdom "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[83]
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs Canada
1996 Carlosbelo.jpg Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo East Timor "for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[84]
Ramos-Horta.png José Ramos-Horta East Timor
1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines Amérika Sarékat "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[85]
JodyWilliams1.jpg Jody Williams Amérika Sarékat
1998 John Hume 2008.jpg John Hume Ireland "for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"[86]
David Trimble at Lisburn Seed Group benefit, Hillsborough Castle, Christmas 2007 crop.jpg David Trimble United Kingdom
1999 Médecins Sans Frontières Swiss "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"[87]
2000 Kim Young-sam, 1998-Jan-5.jpg Kim Dae Jung South Korea "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"[88]
2001 Small Flag of the United Nations ZP.svg United Nations "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"[89]
Kofi Annan, Photo: Harry Wad Kofi Annan Ghana
2002 Jimmy Carter.jpg Jimmy Carter Amérika Sarékat "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"[90]
2003 Ebadi.jpg Shirin Ebadi Iran "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children."[91]
2004 Wangari Maathai.jpg Wangari Muta Maathai Kenya "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[92]
2005 Flag of IAEA.svg International Atomic Energy Agency Austria
"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"[93]
Mohamed ElBaradei WEF 2008.jpg Mohamed ElBaradei Mesir
2006 Grameen Yunus Dec 04.jpg Muhammad Yunus Bangladesh "for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work"[94]
Grameen Bank Bangladesh
2007 Al Gore.jpg Al Gore Amérika Sarékat "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"[95]
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Swiss
2008 Martti Ahtisaari.jpg Martti Ahtisaari Finlandia "for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[96]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Excerpt from the Will of Alfred Nobel". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/alfred_nobel/will/short_testamente.html. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Lundestad, Geir (2001-03-15). "The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–2000". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/articles/lundestad-review/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  3. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1901/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  4. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1902". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1902/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  5. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1903". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1903/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  6. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1904". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1904/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  7. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1905". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1905/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  8. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1906". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1906/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  9. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1907". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1907/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  10. ^ a b "Peace Prize is divided; Teodoro Moneta of Italy and Louis Renault of Prancis Share It". The New York Times. 1907-12-11. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E04E2DB1738E033A25752C1A9649D946697D6CF. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  11. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1908". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1908/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  12. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1909". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1909/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  13. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1910". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1910/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  14. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1911". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1911/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  15. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1912". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1912/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  16. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1913". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1913/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  17. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1917". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1917/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  18. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1919". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1919/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  19. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1920". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1920/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  20. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1921". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1921/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  21. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1922". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  22. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1925". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1925/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  23. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1920". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1920/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  24. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1927". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1927/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  25. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1929". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1929/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  26. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1930". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1930/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  27. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1931". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  28. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1933". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1933/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  29. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1934". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1934/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  30. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1935". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1935/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  31. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1936". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1936/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  32. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1937". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1937/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  33. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1938". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1938/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  34. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1944". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1944/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  35. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1945". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1945/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  36. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1946". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1946/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  37. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1947". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1947/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  38. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1949". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1949/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  39. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1950". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1950/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  40. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1951". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1951/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  41. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1952". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1952/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  42. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1953". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1953/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  43. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1954". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1954/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  44. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1957". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1957/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  45. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1958". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1958/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  46. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1959". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1959/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  47. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1960". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1960/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  48. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1961". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1961/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  49. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1962". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1962/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  50. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1963". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1963/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  51. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1964". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  52. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1965". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1965/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  53. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1968". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1968/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  54. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1969". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1969/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  55. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1970". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1970/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  56. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1971". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1971/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  57. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1973". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  58. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1974". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1974/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  59. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1975". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1975/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  60. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1975–Presentation Speech". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1975/press.html. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
  61. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1976". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1976/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  62. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1977". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1977/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  63. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1978". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  64. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1979". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  65. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1980". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1980/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  66. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1981". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1981/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  67. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1982". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  68. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1982–Presentation Speech". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/press.html. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
  69. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1983". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1983/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  70. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1984". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1984/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  71. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1985". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1985/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  72. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1986". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1986/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  73. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1987". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1987/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  74. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1988". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1988/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  75. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1988–Press release". Nobel Foundation. 1988-09-29. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1988/press.html. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  76. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1989". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
  77. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1989–Press release". Nobel Foundation. 1989-10-05. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/press.html. Retrieved 2008-11-28.
  78. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1990". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1990/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  79. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1991". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  80. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1992". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1992/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  81. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1993". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  82. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1994". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  83. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1995". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1995/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  84. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1996". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1996/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  85. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1997". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1997/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  86. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1998". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  87. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1999". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1999/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  88. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2000". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2000/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  89. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2001". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2001/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  90. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2002". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2002/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  91. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2003". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2003/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  92. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2004". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2004/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  93. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2005". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2005/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  94. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2006". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  95. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2007". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2007/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  96. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2008". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2008/. Retrieved 2008-10-10.

Pranala jaba[sunting | sunting sumber]