Dhaptar negara miturut Indèks Pembangunan Manungsa

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Peta donya mawa werna nuduhaké Indèks Pembangunan Manngsa (miturut data taun 2007 sing dipublikasèkaké tanggal 5 Oktober 2009)
     0.950 ke atas      0.900–0.949      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      di bawah 0.350      Data tidak tersedia

Ing ngisor iki arupa dhaptar negara miturut Indèks Pembangunan Manungsa sing kalebu jroning Laporan Pembangunan Manungsa Badan Program Pembangunan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa sing dirilis tanggal 5 Oktober 2009. Indèks iki mitutrut data taun 2007. Negara-negara kapérang jroning patang kategori miturut IPM-é: dhuwur banget (kategori anyar sing ditambahaké ing laporan taun 2007), dhuwur, menengah lan cendhèk.Wiwit laporan taun 2007, kategori pembanguan manungsa sing dhuwur banget dirujuk minangka negara maju, déné sisané diklompokaké minangka negara berkembang.

Dhaptar pepak negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Increase = Mundhak.
  • Steady = Tetep.
  • Decrease = Mudhun.
  • Negara sing nilai IPM padha ora nuduhaké yèn kaloroné nduwèni peringkat padha amarga peringkat IPM ditemtokaké nganggo nilai enem angka ing samburiné koma..
  • Indèks iki dirilis tanggal 5 Oktober 2009 lan nyakup periode taun 2007
  • Angka jroning tandha kurung makili sapira gedhéné munggah mudhun peringkat sawiji negara dibandhingaké karo perkiraaan revisi nilai IPM taun 2006 sing dibabar tanggal 5 Oktober 2009.

Pembangunan manungsa dhuwur banget (Negara maju)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007
[1][nb 1]
Change compared to 2006 data
[nb 1][1]
1 Steady Flag of Norway Norway 0.971 Increase 0.001
2 Steady Flag of Australia Australia 0.970 Increase 0.002
3 Steady Flag of the Netherlands Walanda 0.910 Increase 0.001
4 Steady Flag of Kanada Canada 0.966 Increase 0.001
5 Steady Flag of Iceland Iceland 0.965 Increase 0.001
6 Increase (1) Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 0.964 Increase 0.003
7 Decrease (1) Flag of Swédia Sweden 0.963 Increase 0.002
8 Increase (3) Flag of Prancis France 0.961 Increase 0.003
9 Steady Flag of Swiss Switzerland 0.960 Increase 0.001
10 Steady Flag of Jepang Japan 0.960 Increase 0.002
11 Decrease (3) Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 0.960 Increase 0.001
12 Increase (1) Flag of Finland Finland 0.959 Increase 0.004
13 Decrease (1) Flag of Ireland Ireland 0.956 Increase 0.001
14 Increase (2) Flag of Austria Austria 0.955 Increase 0.003
15 Steady Flag of Spain Spain 0.955 Increase 0.003
16 Decrease (2) Flag of Denmark Denmark 0.955 Increase 0.002
17 Steady Flag of Belgium Belgium 0.953 Increase 0.002
18 Increase (1) Flag of Italia Italy 0.951 Increase 0.001
19 Decrease (1) Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.951 Increase 0.001
Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake deéning data 2006
20 Steady Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 0.950 Increase 0.002
21 Steady Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 0.947 Increase 0.002
22 Steady Flag of Jerman Germany 0.947 Increase 0.002
23 Increase (1) Flag of Singapura Singapore 0.944 Increase 0.002
24 Decrease (1) Flag of the United States United States 0.944 Increase 0.001
25 Steady Flag of Yunani Greece 0.942 Increase 0.004
26 Steady Flag of Koréa Kidul South Korea 0.937 Increase 0.004
27 Increase (1) Flag of Hong Kong Hongkong 0.935 Increase 0.003
28 Decrease (1) Flag of Andorra Andorra 0.934 Increase 0.001
29 Steady Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 0.929 Increase 0.005
30 Steady Flag of Brunei Darussalam Brunei 0.920 Increase 0.001
31 Steady Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 0.916 Increase 0.004
32 Steady Flag of Siprus Cyprus 0.914 Increase 0.003
33 Increase (1) Flag of Libya Libya 0.910 Increase 0.005
34 Decrease (1) Flag of Portugal Portugal 0.909 Increase 0.002
35 Increase (2) Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 0.903 Increase 0.007
36 Steady Flag of Republik Ceko Czech Republic 0.903 Increase 0.004
37 Increase (2) Flag of Qatar Qatar 0.903 Increase 0.004
38 Decrease (3) Flag of Malta Malta 0.902 Increase 0.003

Pembangunan manungsa dhuwur (negara maju)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
39 Decrease (1) Flag of Bahrain Bahrain 0.895 Increase 0.001
40 Steady Flag of Estonia Estonia 0.883 Increase 0.005
41 Increase (1) Flag of Poland Poland 0.880 Increase 0.004
42 Increase (2) Flag of Slowakia Slovakia 0.880 Increase 0.007
43 Decrease (2) Flag of Hongaria Hungary 0.879 Increase 0.001
44 Decrease (1) Flag of Israèl Israel 0.878 Increase 0.004
45 Steady Flag of Kroasia Croatia 0.871 Increase 0.004
46 Steady Flag of Lituania Lithuania 0.870 Increase 0.005
47 Increase (1) Flag of Chile Chile 0.868 Increase 0.008
48 Increase (2) Flag of Latvia Latvia 0.866 Increase 0.007
49 Decrease (2) Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.866 Increase 0.005
50 Decrease (1) Flag of Uruguay Uruguay 0.865 Increase 0.005
51 Steady Flag of Kuba Cuba 0.863 Increase 0.007
52 Steady Flag of Bahama Bahamas 0.856 Increase 0.002
53 Increase (1) Flag of Meksiko Mexico 0.854 Increase 0.005
54 Decrease (1) Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica 0.854 Increase 0.005
55 Increase (1) Flag of Argentina Argentina 0.847 Increase 0.005
56 Decrease (1) Flag of Oman Oman 0.846 Increase 0.003
57 Steady Flag of the Seychelles Seychelles 0.845 Increase 0.004
58 Increase (4) Flag of Venezuela Venezuela 0.844 Increase 0.011
59 Decrease (1) Flag of Arab Saudi Saudi Arabia 0.843 Increase 0.003
60 Increase (1) Flag of Panama Panama 0.840 Increase 0.007
61 Decrease (2) Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.840 Increase 0.005
Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
62 Decrease (2) Flag of Antigua lan Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 0.838 Increase 0.003
63 Increase (1) Flag of Romania Romania 0.837 Increase 0.005
64 Decrease (1) Flag of Trinidad lan Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 0.837 Increase 0.005
65 Steady Flag of Montenegro Montenegro 0.834 Increase 0.006
66 Steady Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 0.829 Increase 0.004
67 Steady Flag of Serbia Serbia 0.826 Increase 0.005
68 Increase (1) Flag of Belarus Belarus 0.826 Increase 0.007
69 Decrease (1) Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 0.821 Steady
70 Steady Flag of Albania Albania 0.818 Increase 0.004
71 Increase (2) Flag of Russia Russia 0.817 Increase 0.011
72 Steady Bendera Republik Makedonia Macedonia 0.817 Increase 0.004
73 Decrease (2) Flag of Dominika Dominica 0.814 Steady
74 Steady Flag of Grenada Grenada 0.813 Increase 0.003
75 Steady Flag of Brasil Brazil 0.813 Increase 0.005
76 Steady Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 0.812 Increase 0.005
77 Increase (5) Flag of Kolombia Colombia 0.807 Increase 0.007
78 Increase (5) Flag of Peru Peru 0.806 Increase 0.007
79 Decrease (1) Flag of Turki Turkey 0.806 Increase 0.004
80 Decrease (3) Flag of Ecuador Ecuador 0.806 Increase 0.001
81 Decrease (2) Flag of Mauritius Mauritius 0.804 Increase 0.003
82 Decrease (1) Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.804 Increase 0.003
83 Decrease (3) Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 0.803 Increase 0.003

Pambangunan manungsa manengah (negara maju)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
84 Increase (1) Flag of Suriname Suriname 0.798 Increase 0.011
85 Decrease (1) Flag of Kosovo Kosovo 0.796 Increase 0.007
86 Increase (2) Flag of Arménia Armenia 0.787 Increase 0.014
87 Decrease (1) Flag of Thailand Thailand 0.783 Increase 0.003
88 Decrease (1) Flag of Iran Iran 0.782 Increase 0.005
89 Increase (2) Flag of Georgia Georgia 0.778 Increase 0.010
90 Decrease (1) Flag of Dominika Dominican Republic 0.777 Increase 0.006
91 Increase (2) Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 0.772 Increase 0.005
92 Increase (7) Flag of the People's Republic of China China[nb 2] 0.772 Increase 0.009
93 Decrease (3) Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.772 Increase 0.002
94 Increase (2) Flag of Samoa Samoa 0.771 Increase 0.005
95 Increase (2) Flag of Maladewa Maldives 0.771 Increase 0.006
96 Decrease (1) Flag of Yordania Jordan 0.770 Increase 0.003
97 Increase (1) Flag of Belize Belize 0.769 Increase 0.004
98 Increase (2) Flag of Saint Vincent dan Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.769 Increase 0.006
99 Decrease (5) Flag of Tonga Tonga 0.768 Increase 0.001
100 Decrease (8) Flag of Indonésia Indonesia 0.766 Decrease 0.002
101 Steady Flag of Jamaika Jamaica 0.761 Increase 0.004
102 Steady Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 0.759 Increase 0.004
103 Steady Flag of Gabon Gabon 0.755 Increase 0.005
104 Steady Flag of Aljazair Algeria 0.754 Increase 0.005
105 Steady Flag of the Philippines Philippines 0.751 Increase 0.004
106 Steady Flag of Paraguay Paraguay 0.747 Increase 0.001
107 Increase (2) Flag of Syria Syria 0.742 Increase 0.004
108 Decrease (1) Flag of Fiji Fiji 0.741 Decrease 0.003
109 Decrease (1) Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 0.739 Steady
110 Steady Flag of Palestina Palestine 0.737 Steady
111 Steady Flag of El Salvador El Salvador 0.734 Increase 0.005
112 Steady Flag of Honduras Honduras 0.732 Increase 0.019
113 Steady Flag of Bolivia Bolivia 0.729 Increase 0.003
114 Steady Flag of Guyana Guyana 0.729 Increase 0.008
115 Increase (1) Flag of Mongolia Mongolia 0.727 Increase 0.007
116 Decrease (1) Flag of Viètnam Vietnam 0.725 Increase 0.005
117 Steady Flag of Moldova Moldova 0.720 Increase 0.002
118 Steady Flag of Guinea Khatulistiwa Equatorial Guinea 0.719 Increase 0.007
119 Steady Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.710 Increase 0.004
120 Steady Flag of Kirgizstan Kyrgyzstan 0.710 Increase 0.005
121 Steady Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde 0.708 Increase 0.004
Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
122 Increase (1) Flag of Guatemala Guatemala 0.704 Increase 0.008
123 Decrease (1) Flag of Mesir Egypt 0.703 Increase 0.003
124 Steady Flag of Nikaragua Nicaragua 0.699 Increase 0.003
125 Increase (1) Flag of Botswana Botswana 0.694 Increase 0.011
126 Decrease (1) Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu 0.693 Increase 0.005
127 Steady Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan 0.688 Increase 0.005
128 Increase (1) Flag of Namibia Namibia 0.686 Increase 0.008
129 Decrease (1) Flag of Afrika Kidul South Africa 0.683 Increase 0.003
130 Steady Flag of Maroko Morocco 0.654 Increase 0.006
131 Steady Flag of São Tomé lan Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 0.651 Increase 0.006
132 Increase (1) Flag of Bhutan Bhutan 0.619 Increase 0.011
133 Decrease (1) Flag of Laos (negara) Laos 0.619 Increase 0.006
134 Steady Flag of India India 0.612 Increase 0.008
135 Steady Flag of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 0.610 Increase 0.006
136 Steady Flag of Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 0.601 Decrease 0.002
137 Steady Flag of Kamboja Cambodia 0.593 Increase 0.009
138 Steady Flag of Myanmar Myanmar 0.586 Increase 0.002
139 Steady Flag of Komoro Comoros 0.576 Increase 0.003
140 Increase (1) Flag of Yemen Yemen 0.575 Increase 0.007
141 Increase (1) Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 0.572 Increase 0.004
142 Decrease (2) Flag of Timor Leste Timor-Leste 0.572 Increase 0.003
143 Steady Flag of Angola Angola 0.564 Increase 0.012
144 Steady Flag of Nepal Nepal 0.553 Increase 0.006
145 Steady Flag of Madagaskar Madagascar 0.543 Increase 0.006
146 Increase (2) Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.543 Increase 0.008
147 Steady Flag of Kénya Kenya 0.541 Increase 0.006
148 Decrease (2) Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 0.541 Increase 0.005
149 Steady Flag of Haiti Haiti 0.532 Increase 0.006
150 Steady Flag of Sudan Sudan 0.531 Increase 0.005
151 Steady Flag of Swaziland Swaziland 0.530 Increase 0.011
152 Increase (2) Flag of Ghana Ghana 0.526 Increase 0.008
153 Decrease (1) Flag of Cameroon Cameroon 0.523 Increase 0.004
154 Decrease (1) Flag of Mauritania Mauritania 0.520 Increase 0.001
155 Steady Flag of Tanzania Tanzania 0.520 Increase 0.003
156 Steady Flag of Lesotho Lesotho 0.514 Increase 0.003
157 Increase (1) Flag of Uganda Uganda 0.514 Increase 0.009
158 Decrease (1) Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 0.511 Increase 0.005

Pembangunan manusia cendhèk[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
159 Steady Flag of Togo Togo 0.499 Increase 0.001
160 Increase (1) Flag of Malawi Malawi 0.493 Increase 0.009
161 Decrease (1) Flag of Benin Benin 0.492 Increase 0.005
162 Steady Flag of Djibouti Djibouti 0.489 Increase 0.005
163 Steady Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 0.484 Increase 0.002
164 Steady Flag of Zambia Zambia 0.481 Increase 0.008
165 Steady Flag of Eritrea Eritrea 0.472 Increase 0.005
166 Steady Flag of Senegal Senegal 0.464 Increase 0.002
167 Steady Flag of Rwanda Rwanda 0.460 Increase 0.005
168 Steady Flag of Gambia Gambia 0.456 Increase 0.003
169 Steady Flag of Liberia Liberia 0.442 Increase 0.008
170 Steady Flag of Guinea Guinea 0.435 Increase 0.002
Rank Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006 Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
171 Steady Flag of Chad Chad 0.414 Increase 0.012
172 Steady Flag of Mozambik Mozambique 0.402 Increase 0.005
173 Increase (1) Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 0.396 Increase 0.005
174 Increase (1) Flag of Afganistan Afganistan 0.394 Increase 0.007
175 Decrease (2) Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia 0.392 Decrease 0.001
176 Increase (1) Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.389 Increase 0.018
177 Decrease (1) Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 0.389 Increase 0.005
178 Increase (1) Flag of Burundi Burundi 0.371 Increase 0.005
179 Decrease (1) Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic 0.369 Increase 0.002
180 Steady Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 0.365 Increase 0.008
181 Steady Flag of Mali Mali 0.352 Increase 0.002
182 Steady Flag of Niger Niger 0.340 Increase 0.005

Laporan 2011[sunting | sunting sumber]

2011 Very High HDI nations, by population size
Europe
  
489.0
N. America
  
325.0
Asia
  
205.1
S. America
  
58
Oceania
  
25.8
  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.
  • Similar HDI values in the current list do not lead to ranking ties, since the HDI rank is actually determined using HDI values to the sixth decimal point.
  • The number in brackets represents the number of ranks the country has climbed (up or down) relative to new 2011 data for 2010 (as indicated in the new 2011 report, p. 131).

Very high human development[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
1 Steady Flag of Norway Norway 0.943 Increase 0.002
2 Steady Flag of Australia Australia 0.929 Steady
3 Steady Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 0.910 Increase 0.001
4 Steady Flag of the United States United States 0.910 Increase 0.002
5 Steady Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 0.908 Steady
6 Steady Flag of Kanada Canada 0.908 Increase 0.001
7 Steady Flag of Ireland Ireland 0.908 Increase 0.001
8 Steady Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.905 Increase 0.001
9 Steady Flag of Jerman Germany 0.905 Increase 0.002
10 Steady Flag of Swédia Sweden 0.904 Increase 0.003
11 Steady Flag of Swiss Switzerland 0.903 Increase 0.002
12 Steady Flag of Jepang Japan 0.901 Increase 0.002
13 Increase (1) Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong 0.898 Increase 0.004
14 Decrease (1) Flag of Iceland Iceland 0.898 Increase 0.002
15 Steady Flag of Italia Italy 0.897 Increase 0.003
16 Steady Flag of Denmark Denmark 0.895 Increase 0.002
17 Steady Flag of Israèl Israel 0.888 Increase 0.002
18 Steady Flag of Belgium Belgium 0.886 Increase 0.001
19 Steady Flag of Austria Austria 0.885 Increase 0.002
20 Steady Flag of Prancis France 0.884 Increase 0.001
21 Steady Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 0.884 Increase 0.002
22 Steady Flag of Finland Finland 0.882 Increase 0.002
23 Steady Flag of Spain Spain 0.878 Increase 0.002
24 Steady Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 0.874 Increase 0.001
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
25 Steady Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 0.867 Increase 0.002
26 Steady Flag of Singapura Singapore 0.866 Increase 0.002
27 Steady Flag of Republik Ceko Czech Republic 0.865 Increase 0.002
28 Steady Flag of Koréa Kidul South Korea 0.863 Increase 0.001
29 Steady Flag of Yunani Greece 0.861 Decrease 0.001
30 Steady Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 0.846 Increase 0.001
31 Steady Flag of Siprus Cyprus 0.840 Increase 0.001
32 Steady Flag of Andorra Andorra 0.838 Steady
33 Steady Flag of Brunei Darussalam Brunei 0.838 Increase 0.001
34 Steady Flag of Estonia Estonia 0.835 Increase 0.003
35 Steady Flag of Slowakia Slovakia 0.834 Increase 0.002
36 Steady Flag of Malta Malta 0.832 Increase 0.002
37 Steady Flag of Qatar Qatar 0.831 Increase 0.006
38 Steady Flag of Hongaria Hungary 0.816 Increase 0.002
39 Steady Flag of Poland Poland 0.813 Increase 0.002
40 Increase (1) Flag of Lituania Lithuania 0.810 Increase 0.005
41 Decrease (1) Flag of Portugal Portugal 0.809 Increase 0.001
42 Steady Flag of Bahrain Bahrain 0.806 Increase 0.001
43 Increase (2) Flag of Latvia Latvia 0.805 Increase 0.005
44 Increase (1) Flag of Chile Chile 0.805 Increase 0.004
45 Increase (1) Flag of Argentina Argentina 0.797 Increase 0.003
46 Increase (1) Flag of Kroasia Croatia 0.796 Increase 0.002
47 Steady Flag of Barbados Barbados 0.793 Increase 0.002

High human development[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
48 Increase (1) Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.783 Increase 0.003
49 Steady Flag of Uruguay Uruguay 0.782 Increase 0.003
50 Steady Flag of Romania Romania 0.781 Increase 0.002
51 Steady Flag of Palau Palau 0.776 Increase 0.003
52 Increase (1) Flag of Kuba Cuba 0.773 Increase 0.002
53 Increase (1) Flag of the Seychelles Seychelles 0.772 Increase 0.001
54 Decrease (11) Flag of Libya Libya 0.772 Decrease 0.021
55 Steady Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.771 Increase 0.003
56 Steady Flag of Arab Saudi Saudi Arabia 0.770 Increase 0.003
57 Steady Flag of Bahama Bahamas 0.770 Increase 0.003
58 Increase (1) Flag of Panama Panama 0.768 Increase 0.003
59 Steady Flag of Serbia Serbia 0.766 Increase 0.002
60 Steady Flag of Montenegro Montenegro 0.764 Increase 0.001
61 Steady Flag of Meksiko Mexico 0.761 Increase 0.003
62 Steady Flag of Trinidad lan Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 0.760 Increase 0.002
63 Decrease (1) Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 0.760 Increase 0.002
64 Increase (1) Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 0.759 Increase 0.002
65 Steady Flag of Belarus Belarus 0.756 Increase 0.005
66 Steady Flag of Russia Russia 0.755 Increase 0.004
67 Steady Flag of Grenada Grenada 0.748 Increase 0.002
68 Increase (1) Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.745 Increase 0.005
69 Decrease (1) Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica 0.744 Increase 0.002
70 Increase (1) Flag of Albania Albania 0.739 Increase 0.002
71 Decrease (1) Flag of Antigua lan Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 0.739 Increase 0.002
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
72 Steady Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 0.735 Steady
73 Steady Flag of Venezuela Venezuela 0.735 Increase 0.001
74 Steady Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 0.733 Increase 0.002
75 Steady Flag of Georgia Georgia 0.733 Increase 0.004
76 Increase Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.731 Increase 0.001
77 Increase (3) Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 0.729 Increase 0.004
78 Steady Cithakan:Country data Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.728 Increase 0.002
79 Decrease (2) Bendera Republik Makedonia Macedonia 0.728 Increase 0.002
80 Decrease (2) Flag of Mauritius Mauritius 0.727 Increase 0.001
81 Increase (1) Flag of Peru Peru 0.725 Increase 0.004
82 Decrease (1) Flag of Jamaika Jamaica 0.724 Increase 0.001
83 Steady Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 0.723 Increase 0.003
84 Steady Flag of Dominika Dominica 0.720 Increase 0.002
85 Increase (1) Flag of Ecuador Ecuador 0.718 Increase 0.003
86 Decrease (1) Flag of Brasil Brazil 0.717 Increase 0.002
87 Steady Flag of Arménia Armenia 0.716 Increase 0.002
88 Increase (1) Flag of Kolombia Colombia 0.710 Increase 0.003
89 Decrease (1) Flag of Iran Iran 0.707 Steady
90 Steady Flag of Oman Oman 0.705 Increase 0.001
91 Steady Flag of Saint Vincent dan Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.704 Increase 0.001
92 Decrease (3) Flag of Turki Turkey 0.699 Increase 0.003
93 Decrease (1) Flag of Belize Belize 0.699 Increase 0.001
94 Decrease (1) Flag of Tonga Tonga 0.698 Steady

Medium human development[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
95 Decrease (1) Flag of Yordania Jordan 0.698 Increase 0.001
96 Steady Flag of Aljazair Algeria 0.698 Increase 0.002
97 Increase (1) Flag of Suriname Suriname 0.691 Increase 0.005
98 Increase (2) Flag of Dominika Dominican Republic 0.689 Increase 0.003
99 Steady Flag of Samoa Samoa 0.688 Increase 0.002
100 Decrease (3) Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 0.688 Increase 0.001
101 Steady Flag of the People's Republic of China China 0.687 Increase 0.005
102 Steady Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 0.686 Increase 0.005
103 Steady Flag of Thailand Thailand 0.682 Increase 0.002
104 Steady Flag of Fiji Fiji 0.680 Increase 0.003
105 Steady Flag of El Salvador El Salvador 0.674 Increase 0.002
106 Steady Flag of Gabon Gabon 0.674 Increase 0.004
107 Steady Flag of Paraguay Paraguay 0.665 Increase 0.003
108 Steady Flag of Bolivia Bolivia 0.663 Increase 0.003
109 Steady Flag of Maladewa Maldives 0.661 Increase 0.003
110 Steady Flag of Mongolia Mongolia 0.653 Increase 0.006
111 Steady Flag of Moldova Moldova 0.649 Increase 0.005
112 Increase (1) Flag of Indonésia Indonesia 0.644 Increase 0.003
113 Decrease (1) Flag of Mesir Egypt 0.644 Steady
114 Steady Cithakan:Country data Palestinian National Authority Palestinian territories 0.641 Increase 0.001
115 Steady Flag of the Philippines Philippines 0.641 Increase 0.002
116 Increase (1) Cithakan:Country data Federated States of Micronesia 0.636 Increase 0.001
117 Increase (1) Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.633 Increase 0.004
118 Decrease (2) Cithakan:Country data Syrian Arab Republic 0.633 Steady
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
119 Decrease (1) Flag of Guyana Guyana 0.632 Increase 0.001
120 Increase (1) Flag of Namibia Namibia 0.625 Increase 0.003
121 Decrease (1) Flag of Honduras Honduras 0.625 Increase 0.002
122 Steady Flag of Botswana Botswana 0.624 Increase 0.003
123 Increase (1) Flag of Afrika Kidul South Africa 0.619 Increase 0.004
124 Increase (1) Flag of Kiribati Kiribati 0.617 Increase 0.004
125 Decrease (2) Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu 0.617 Increase 0.002
126 Steady Flag of Kirgizstan Kyrgyzstan 0.615 Increase 0.004
127 Steady Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan 0.607 Increase 0.003
128 Steady Flag of Viètnam Vietnam 0.593 Increase 0.003
129 Steady Flag of Nikaragua Nicaragua 0.589 Increase 0.002
130 Steady Flag of Maroko Morocco 0.582 Increase 0.003
131 Steady Flag of Guatemala Guatemala 0.574 Increase 0.001
132 Steady Flag of Irak Iraq 0.573 Increase 0.006
133 Steady Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde 0.568 Increase 0.002
134 Steady Flag of Guinea Khatulistiwa Equatorial Guinea 0.547 Increase 0.005
135 Increase (1) Flag of Ghana Ghana 0.541 Increase 0.008
136 Decrease (1) Flag of Laos (negara) Laos 0.537 Increase 0.003
137 Steady Cithakan:Country data Congo 0.533 Increase 0.005
138 Increase (1) Flag of India India 0.524 Increase 0.004
139 Increase (2) Flag of Kamboja Cambodia 0.523 Increase 0.005
140 Decrease (2) Flag of Swaziland Swaziland 0.522 Increase 0.002
141 Decrease (1) Flag of Bhutan Bhutan 0.522 Increase 0.004

Low human development[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
142 Steady Flag of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 0.510 Increase 0.003
143 Increase (1) Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 0.509 Increase 0.004
144 Decrease (1) Flag of São Tomé lan Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 0.509 Increase 0.003
145 Steady Flag of Kénya Kenya 0.504 Increase 0.001
146 Steady Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.500 Increase 0.004
147 Steady Flag of Timor Leste Timor-Leste 0.495 Increase 0.004
148 Steady Flag of Angola Angola 0.486 Increase 0.004
149 Increase (1) Flag of Myanmar Myanmar 0.483 Increase 0.004
150 Increase (1) Flag of Cameroon Cameroon 0.482 Increase 0.003
151 Decrease (2) Flag of Madagaskar Madagascar 0.480 Decrease 0.001
152 Increase (1) Flag of Tanzania Tanzania 0.466 Increase 0.005
153 Decrease (1) Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 0.466 Increase 0.004
154 Steady Flag of Yemen Yemen 0.462 Increase 0.002
155 Steady Flag of Senegal Senegal 0.459 Increase 0.002
156 Increase (1) Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 0.459 Increase 0.005
157 Decrease (1) Flag of Nepal Nepal 0.458 Increase 0.003
158 Increase (1) Flag of Haiti Haiti 0.454 Increase 0.005
159 Decrease (1) Flag of Mauritania Mauritania 0.453 Increase 0.002
160 Steady Flag of Lesotho Lesotho 0.450 Increase 0.004
161 Steady Flag of Uganda Uganda 0.446 Increase 0.004
162 Steady Flag of Togo Togo 0.435 Increase 0.002
163 Steady Flag of Komoro Comoros 0.433 Increase 0.002
164 Increase (1) Flag of Zambia Zambia 0.430 Increase 0.005
165 Decrease (1) Flag of Djibouti Djibouti 0.430 Increase 0.003
Rank Country HDI
New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010[1] New 2011 Estimates for 2011
[1]
Change compared to new 2011 data for 2010
[1]
166 Steady Flag of Rwanda Rwanda 0.429 Increase 0.004
167 Steady Flag of Benin Benin 0.427 Increase 0.002
168 Steady Flag of Gambia Gambia 0.420 Increase 0.002
169 Steady Flag of Sudan Sudan 0.408 Increase 0.002
170 Steady Flag of Afganistan Afghanistan 0.400 Decrease 0.001
171 Steady Flag of Malawi Malawi 0.400 Increase 0.005
172 Steady Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 0.398 Increase 0.004
173 Steady Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 0.376 Increase 0.012
174 Steady Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia 0.363 Increase 0.005
175 Steady Flag of Mali Mali 0.359 Increase 0.003
176 Steady Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 0.353 Increase 0.002
177 Steady Flag of Eritrea Eritrea 0.349 Increase 0.004
178 Steady Flag of Chad Chad 0.344 Increase 0.002
179 Steady Flag of Guinea Guinea 0.343 Increase 0.004
180 Steady Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 0.336 Increase 0.002
181 Steady Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 0.331 Increase 0.002
182 Increase (1) Flag of Liberia Liberia 0.329 Increase 0.004
183 Decrease (1) Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic 0.328 Increase 0.002
184 Steady Flag of Mozambik Mozambique 0.322 Increase 0.005
185 Steady Flag of Niger Niger 0.319 Increase 0.003
186 Steady Flag of Burundi Burundi 0.305 Decrease 0.007
187 Steady Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.286 Increase 0.004

Miturut bawana[sunting | sunting sumber]

Afrika[sunting | sunting sumber]

10 negara ber-IPM paling dhuwur’’’

Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
Pambangunan manungsa paling dhuwur
1 Flag of Libya Libya 0.917 Increase +0.005
Pambangunan manungsa paling dhuwur
2 Flag of the Seychelles Seychelles 0.845 Increase +0.004
3 Flag of Mauritius Mauritius 0.804 Increase +0.003
Pembangunan manusia menengah
4 Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 0.769 Increase +0.006
5 Flag of Gabon Gabon 0.755 Increase +0.005
6 Flag of Aljazair Algeria 0.754 Increase +0.005
7 Flag of Guinea Khatulistiwa Equatorial Guinea 0.719 Increase +0.007
8 Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde 0.708 Increase +0.004
9 Flag of Mesir Egypt 0.703 Increase +0.003
10 Flag of Botswana Botswana 0.694 Increase +0.011

10 negara ber-IPM paling ngisor

Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Perubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
Pambangunan manungsa paling ngisor
1 Flag of Niger Niger 0.340 Increase +0.007
2 Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 0.365 Increase +0.008
3 Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic 0.369 Increase +0.002
4 Flag of Mali Mali 0.371 Increase +0.005
5 Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 0.389 Increase +0.005
6 Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.389 Increase +0.018
7 Flag of Chad Chad 0.392 Decrease -0.001
8 Flag of Burundi Burundi 0.394 Increase +0.007
9 Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 0.396 Increase +0.005
10 Flag of Mozambik Mozambique 0.402 Increase +0.005

Amérika[sunting | sunting sumber]

10 negara minagka-IMP paling ndhuwur

Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Pambangunan manungsa paling dhuwur 2006
Pambangunan paling dhuwur
1 Flag of Kanada Canada 0.966 Increase +0.001
2 Flag of the United States United States 0.956 Increase +0.001
3 Flag of Barbados Barbados 0.903 Increase +0.004
Pembangunan manusia tinggi
4 Flag of Chile Chile 0.878 Increase +0.004
5 Flag of Antigua lan Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 0.868 Increase +0.008
6 Flag of Argentina Argentina 0.866 Increase +0.005
7 Flag of Uruguay Uruguay 0.865 Increase +0.005
8 Flag of Kuba Cuba 0.863 Increase +0.007
9 Flag of Bahama Bahamas 0.856 Increase +0.002
10 Flag of Meksiko Mexico 0.854 Increase +0.005

10 negara minangka-IPM paling ngisor

Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Pambangunan manungsa paling dhuwur 2006
Pambangunan manungsa manengah
1 Flag of Haiti Haiti 0.532 Increase +0.006
2 Flag of Nikaragua Nicaragua 0.699 Increase +0.003
3 Flag of Guatemala Guatemala 0.704 Increase +0.008
4 Flag of Guyana Guyana 0.729 Increase +0.008
5 Flag of Bolivia Bolivia 0.729 Increase +0.003
6 Flag of Honduras Honduras 0.732 Increase +0.003
7 Flag of El Salvador El Salvador 0.747 Increase +0.001
8 Flag of Paraguay Paraguay 0.761 Increase +0.004
9 Flag of Jamaika Jamaica 0.766 Decrease -0.002
10 Flag of Suriname Suriname 0.769 Increase +0.004

Asia & Oseania[sunting | sunting sumber]

10 negara mingka-IPM paling dhuwur

Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Pambangunan manungsa paling dhuwur 2006
Pambangunan manungsa paling dhuwur
1 Flag of Australia Australia 0.970 Increase +0.002
2 Flag of Jepang Japan 0.960 Increase +0.002
3 Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 0.950 Increase +0.002
4 Flag of Singapura Singapore 0.944 Increase +0.002
5 Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong 0.944 Increase +0.001
6 Flag of Koréa Kidul South Korea 0.937 Increase +0.004
7 Flag of Israèl Israel 0.935 Increase +0.003
8 Flag of Brunei Darussalam Brunei 0.920 Increase +0.001
9 Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 0.916 Increase +0.004
10 Flag of Qatar Qatar 0.910 Increase +0.005

10 negara minangka-IPM paling ngisor

Paringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Parubahan dibandingake déning data 2006
Pambangunan manungsa pali ngisor
1 Flag of Afganistan Afghanistan 0.352 Increase +0.002
2 Flag of Timor Leste Timor-Leste 0.489 Increase +0.005
Pembangunan manusia menengah
3 Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 0.541 Increase +0.005
4 Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.543 Increase +0.008
5 Flag of Nepal Nepal 0.553 Increase +0.006
6 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 0.572 Increase +0.004
7 Flag of Yemen Yemen 0.575 Increase +0.007
8 Flag of Myanmar Myanmar 0.586 Increase +0.002
9 Flag of Kamboja Cambodia 0.593 Increase +0.009
10 Flag of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 0.610 Increase +0.006

Eropah[sunting | sunting sumber]

10 negara mawa-IPM paling dhuwur

Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Perubahan dibandingkan dengan data 2006
Pembangunan manusia sangat tinggi
1 Flag of Norway Norway 0.971 Increase +0.001
2 Flag of Iceland Iceland 0.969 Increase +0.002
3 Flag of Ireland Ireland 0.965 Increase +0.001
4 Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 0.964 Increase +0.003
5 Flag of Swédia Sweden 0.963 Increase +0.002
6 Flag of Prancis France 0.961 Increase +0.003
7 Flag of Swiss Switzerland 0.960 Increase +0.001
8 Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 0.960 Increase +0.001
9 Flag of Finland Finland 0.959 Increase +0.004
10 Flag of Austria Austria 0.955 Increase +0.003

10 negara mawa-IPM paling cendhèk

Peringkat Negara IPM
Data 2007 Perubahan dibandingkan dengan data 2006
Pembangunan manusia menengah
1 Flag of Moldova Moldova 0.720 Increase +0.002
2 Flag of Kosovo Kosovo 0.733
3 Flag of Georgia Georgia 0.778 Increase +0.002
4 Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.787 Increase +0.002
5 Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 0.796 Increase +0.007
6 Flag of Arménia Armenia 0.798 Increase +0.002
Pembangunan manusia tinggi
7 Flag of Turki Turkey 0.806 Increase +0.002
8 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.812 Increase +0.005
9 Bendera Republik Makedonia Macedonia 0.817 Increase +0.004
10 Flag of Albania Albania 0.818 Increase +0.004

IPM miturut klompok negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kelompok negara IPM
2007
IPM
2005
Pembangunan manusia sangat tinggi
Uni Eropa (EU27) 0.937 Increase N/A
OECD 0.932 Increase 0.925
Pembangunan manusia tinggi
Dewan Kerjasama Teluk 0.868 Increase N/A
Eropa Tengah, Eropa Timur, dan and the CIS 0.821 Increase 0.814
Amerika Latin dan Karibia 0.821 Increase 0.810
Pembangunan manusia menengah
Asia Timur dan Pasifik 0.770 Increase 0.762
Dunia 0.753 Increase 0.743
Negara Arab 0.719 Increase 0.713
Asia Selatan 0.612 Increase 0.606
Sub-Sahara Afrika 0.514 Increase 0.495
Kelompok Klasifikasi
(2007)
IPM
min maks rata-rata
(2007)
rata-rata
(2005)
Pembangunan manusia sangat tinggi Negara maju 0.900 1.000 0.955 Increase 0.897
Pembangunan manusia tinggi Negara berkembang 0.800 0.899 0.833 Increase
Pembangunan manusia menengah 0.500 0.799 0.686 Decrease 0.698
Pembangunan manusia rendah Negara tidak berkembang 0.000 0.499 0.423 Decrease 0.436
Dunia 0.000 1.000 0.753 Increase 0.743
Pengelompokan lama
(sampai tahun 2005)
GNI per kapita
(AS$)
IPM
lama
min maks
Negara berpendapatan tinggi 10 726 0.936
OECD berpendapatan tinggi 0.950
Negara berpendapatan menengah 876 10 725 0.776
Negara berpendapatan rendah 875 0.570
Dunia 0.743
Negara berkembang 0.688
– Negara tidak berkembang 0.480

Negara liya sing ora ana jroning lapuran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara anggota PBB (data UNDP paling anyar)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Negara IPM Peringkat Sumber
Publikasi Data
Pembangunan manungsa dhuwur banget
1997 N/A Flag of Monako Monaco 0.946 N/A [citation needed]
1997 N/A Flag of San Marino San Marino 0.944 N/A [citation needed]
Pembangunan manusia tinggi
1998 N/A Flag of Palau Palau 0.861 N/A [citation needed]
Pembangunan manungsa menengah
1998 1995 Flag of Korea Lor North Korea 0.766 75 [2]
1998 N/A Flag of Nauru Nauru 0.663 N/A [citation needed]
2000 1998 Flag of Irak Iraq 0.583 126 [3]
1998 N/A Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu 0.583 N/A [citation needed]
1998 N/A Flag of Federasi Mikronesia Micronesia 0.569 N/A [citation needed]
1998 N/A Gendéra Kapuloan Marshall Marshall Islands 0.563 N/A [citation needed]
1998 N/A Flag of Kiribati Kiribati 0.515 N/A [citation needed]
2007 2005 Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 0.513 151 [4]
Pembangunan manusia rendah
2001 2001 Flag of Somalia Somalia 0.284 161 [5][nb 3]

Dudu negara anggota PBB (ora diitung UNDP)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Negara atau wilayah IPM Peringkat Sumber
Publikasi Data
Pembangunan manusia sangat tinggi
2009 2007 Flag of the Republic of China Taiwan 0.943 25 [nb 4]
2008 2005 Flag of Martinique Martinique 0.929 24 [7]
2008 2005 Flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 0.912 28 [7]
2006 2004 Flag of Makau Macau, China 0.909 28 [8]
Pembangunan manusia tinggi
2008 2005 Flag of Kaledonia Baru New Caledonia 0.878 34 [7]
2007 2004 Flag of Réunion Réunion 0.870 35 [7]
2008 2005 Flag of Polinesia Perancis French Polynesia 0.864 42 [7]
2008 2005 Flag of Guyana Perancis French Guiana 0.862 43 [7]
Pembangunan manusia menengah
2004 2002 Flag of Kosovo Kosovo 0.733 N/A [9]

Cathetan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Sebagaimana yang dipublikasikan dalam Laporan Pembangunan Manusia UNDP "Human Development Indices - A statistical update 2008"; Nilai tabel 1 "Human development index trends" 2008 dan 2009 digunakan karena keduanya merupakan nilai revisi dan bukan nilai yang awalnya dipublikasi sebagaimana yang ditunjukkan pada Appendix A1.
  2. ^ Data untuk Cina Daratan; tidak termasuk Hongkong, Makau, dan Republik Cina.
  3. ^ Somalia's last inclusion in the HDI ranking was in the 1996 report (1993 data).
  4. ^ Oleh karena PBB tidak mengakui keberadaan Republik Cina sebagai negara berdaulat, laporan ini tidak memasukkan data "Taiwan, Provinsi Cina" (istilah yang digunakan oleh PBB untuk merujuk pada Taiwan. Perhitungan IPM dilakukan oleh pemerintah Taiwan[6]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah "Human development indices". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf. Retrieved 05 October 2009.
  2. ^ "The State of Human Development" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 1998. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr_1998_en_chap1.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  3. ^ "Human Development Report 2000" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2000. p. 163. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2000_EN.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Human Development Report 2007/2008" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2008. p. 231. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_20072008_EN_Complete.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Human Development Report: Somalia 2001" (PDF). 2001. p. 198. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/nationalreports/africa/somalia/Somalia_2001_en.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  6. ^ "National Statistics, R.O.C. (Taiwan)" (in Chinese) (PDF). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.. 2007. http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/Data/910616273671.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Les défis de la croissance calédonienne, on page 13" (in French) (PDF). CEROM - INSEE. http://www.cerom-outremer.org/jahia/webdav/site/cerom/users/admin_cerom/public/Pdf/BilanmacroNC2008.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  8. ^ PBB tidak menghitung IPM Makau. Pemerintah Makau menghitung sendiri IPM-nya pada tahun 2004 sebagai 0,909."2006 Macao in Figures". Statistics and Census Service, Macau SAR. 2006. http://www.dsec.gov.mo/english/indicator/e_mn_indicator.html. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
  9. ^ "Human Development Report - Kosovo 2004" (in English, Albanian and Serbian). UNDP. 2004. http://mirror.undp.org/kosovo/HDR/hdr.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-11.

Pranala jaba[sunting | sunting sumber]